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Arctic Fox

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Arctic Fox (Alopex lagopus) in snow
Arctic Fox
Arctic Fox in summer coat looking for eggs and birds
Arctic Fox with summer coat
Arctic Fox
The Arctic Fox is a small white fox native to the Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The Arctic fox is commonly found in the colder parts of Canada, Alaska, Northern Asia and Europe. The Arctic fox is also commonly known as the Snow fox or the White fox due to the fact that the Arctic fox has white fur and spends a great deal of time in the cold snow.

The Arctic fox has extremely thick winter fur, which is apparently the warmest fur of all the mammals. The thick fur of the Arctic fox is definitely an essential for the Arctic fox to continue dwelling successfully in the harsh Arctic terrain where temperatures regularly fall below minus 40 degrees Celsius.

The Arctic fox tends to prey on lemmings, hares, reptiles, amphibians and occasionally vulnerable seal pups that are not close to their herd. The Arctic fox makes its den far under the surface of the ground, and can amazingly withstand temperatures of up to minus 50 degrees Celsius.

As with many animals that inhabit the Arctic regions, the fur of the Arctic fox changes colour to adapt to its surroundings accordingly. In the winter, the Arctic fox has thick, white fur which allows the Arctic fox to remain warm and camouflaged in its snowy surroundings. In the summer months, the fur of the Arctic fox changes to a brown colour as there the snow will have melted. This newly coloured brown fur of the Arctic fox, allows the Arctic fox to remain as inconspicuous as possible whilst there is no snow in the Arctic during the summer months.

As one of the larger carnivores in the Arctic Circle, the Arctic fox has few natural predators within it\'s freezing environment. Polar bears, wolf packs and humans are only real predators of the adult Arctic fox, along with large birds of prey such as snowy owls, that primarily prey on the smaller and more vulnerable Arctic fox cubs.

The female Arctic fox gives birth to and raises her cubs in the safety of her den, which is a network of tunnels often underground. After a gestation period of a couple of months, the female Arctic fox gives birth to up to 15 cubs which are born at the start of summer and after being nursed by their mother, are fairly independent by the time the Arctic winter starts again.

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Arctic Fox Translations

Bulgarian български език
Полярна лисица
Catalan Català
Guineu àrtica
Czech Cesky
Liška polární
Danish Dansk
German Deutsch
English English
Arctic Fox
Esperanto Esperanto
Arkta vulpo
Spanish Español
Alopex lagopus
Estonian Eesti
Finnish Suomi
French Français
Renard polaire
Hebrew עִבְרִית
שועל שלג
Croatian Hrvatski
Arktička lisica
Italian Italiano
Alopex lagopus
Japanese 日本語
Latin Latina
Vulpes lagopus
Dutch Nederlands
Norwegian Norsk
Polish Polski
Lis polarny
Portuguese Português
Slovenian Slovenščina
Polarna lisica
Swedish Svenska
Turkish Türkçe
Kutup tilkisi
Chinese 中文

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Arctic Fox Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Alopex Lagopus
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
70cm - 110cm (28in - 43in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
1.4kg - 9.4kg (3lbs - 21lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
45km/h (30mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
7 - 10 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
White, Black, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Lemmings
The specific area where the animal lives...
Polar forest regions
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Lemmings, Berries, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Snowy Owl, Wolf, Polar Bear
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Thick fur that changes colour with season

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