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Brown Bear

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Barcelona Zoo
Barcelona Zoo
Barcelona Zoo
Barcelona Zoo
Brown bear and two cubs in stream, Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge
Brown Bears are found in many parts of North America and Eurasia, where the bears inhabit wooded and mountainous areas. The brown bear is also the national animal for a number of states in North America, Europe and Asia.

Brown bears tend to feed on vegetation, fish and small land mammals, but the bears will only occasionally hunt bigger mammals like deer. Brown bears dont seem to be a great threat towards humans, although the mother brown bears will protect their young bear cubs.

Brown bears generally grow to about 2 - 3m tall, looking enormous when the bear stands on its hind legs. Brown bears have sadly been the target of taxidermists over the years resulting in the brown bear population declining. Today there is more in the way of Animal Rights meaning that the brown bear population can grow once again.

The brown bear is one of the largest species of bear with only the grizzly bear and the polar bear getting to bigger sizes. Both the grizzly bear and the polar bear however, are distant sub-species of the brown bear that have today adapted to living in a different environment.

The brown bear is an extremely dominant predator in its environment, with only threats from human hunters posing any real dominance over the brown bears predatory rights. The brown bear has an enormous muscle between the brown bears shoulder blades that makes the brown bear stand out above other bear species.

The enormous shoulder muscle that the brown bear has means that the brown bear has immensely strong forearms and allows the bear to break animal bones with one simple swipe. The brown bear has massive paws with claws that can grow longer than 15cm in length.

There are thought to be around 200,000 brown bear individuals left in the wild over half of which are found in Russia. Around 95% of the brown bear population found in the USA is in the northernmost state of Alaska. Most of the brown bears that inhabit regions of Canada are found in the west of the country in the Rocky Mountain range.

Brown Bear Foot Facts

  • The brown bear has four large paws and each of the paws of the brown bear has five toes that result in long claws.
  • The two front paws of the brown bear have toes that have longer claws than on the back paws, as the brown bear uses its front paws for digging.
  • The two back paws of the brown bear are larger than the two front paws as the brown bear often stands on its hind legs to either survey their surroundings or to get food out of higher places.
  • The brown bear uses its front paws with their enormous claws to rip open logs that have bugs inside so that it can eat them.
  • The brown bear uses its specially structured paws and legs in order to help it run fast, climb trees and swim well.

Brown Bear Teeth Facts

  • Brown bears do not normally bite their prey but instead grind and crunch with their enormous teeth to get their meal into them.
  • The brown bear has approximately 42 teeth including large predatory teeth that the brown bear uses to shred meat and skin.
  • The brown bear uses both its large, strong paws and its sharp teeth to catch and kill its prey and will either bite the neck of the animal or swipe it with its immense forearms.
  • The molar teeth of the brown bear increase in size as they go further in the mouth of the brown bear and the brown bear predominantly uses its largest molar to grind up tough food.
  • The size of the teeth of the brown bear are dependant on the size of the bear itself, so bigger bears will have bigger teeth than smaller bears.

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Brown Bear Translations

Bulgarian български език
Кафява мечка
Bosnian Bosanski
Mrki medvjed
Catalan Català
Ós bru
Czech Cesky
Medvěd hnědý
Danish Dansk
Brun bjørn
German Deutsch
English English
Brown Bear
Esperanto Esperanto
Bruna urso
Spanish Español
Ursus arctos
Estonian Eesti
Finnish Suomi
French Français
Ours brun
Hebrew עִבְרִית
דוב חום
Croatian Hrvatski
Mrki medvjed
Hungarian Magyar
Barna medve
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Beruang coklat
Italian Italiano
Ursus arctos
Japanese 日本語
Latin Latina
Ursus arctos
Dutch Nederlands
Bruine beer
Norwegian Norsk
Polish Polski
Niedźwiedź brunatny
Portuguese Português
Romanian Româna
Urs brun
Slovenian Slovenščina
Rjavi medved
Swedish Svenska
Turkish Türkçe
Boz ayı
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Gấu nâu
Chinese 中文

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Brown Bear Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Ursus Arctos
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1.5m - 2.8m (5ft - 9.2ft)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
136kg - 390kg (300lbs - 860lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
56km/h (35mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
20 - 30 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Black, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Fish
The specific area where the animal lives...
Forest and mountainous regions
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fish, Fruit, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Wolf, Cougar
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Powerful forearms and hibernate in the winter

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Grizzly BearGrizzly Bear
Less than 10% make it into adulthood!
Polar BearPolar Bear
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Native to the Andes mountains of South America!