To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Cockroach


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Female Madagascar hissing cockroach
Asian cockroach (Blattella asahinai)
American cockroach (Periplaneta americana)
Giant Brazilian Cockroach (Blaberus giganteus)
Bush Cockroach
The cockroach, also known as the roach, is found worldwide in every environment and every habitat with the exception of water. The cockroach is one of the most commonly known pests to humans of the insects world but plays a vital role in the ecosystem ingesting decomposing materials.

There are thought to be around 4,000 known species of cockroach in existence but only about 30 of the different species of cockroach are the ones that humans come into contact with. Cockroaches are generally not keen on close contact with humans and are only really present if there is enough for them to eat.

The cockroach is dated around 300 million years old, with fossil evidence suggesting that the modern cockroach is much smaller than the original roach. Today the cockroach is on average, about an inch long.

The cockroach is an omnivorous animals and feeds on decaying matter and therefore is often associated with things being dirty (you would not be happy to find them in a restaurant for example). Most cockroach species are nocturnal with the exception of the oriental cockroach, which is attracted to light. Cockroaches generally only eat organic matter but some have been known to even eat substances such as mouldy wallpaper paste.

Due to it's small size and abundance, the cockroach is prey to numerous predators around the world including birds, spiders, small mammals and reptiles. The cockroach is even eaten by humans in some cultures and regions of the world.

Cockroaches are thought to be able to have up to four litters of young every year. The female cockroach lays between 10 and 90 eggs per time, which hatch in a matter of days. It takes just a month for the baby cockroach to become an adult cockroach. Female cockroaches are distinguishable from male cockroaches as the female cockroaches have a more rounded abdomen.

Unlike most other animals, the brain of the cockroach is in its body instead of its head. This means that a headless cockroach can live for nearly two weeks and will eventually die from malnutrition and not nerve damage.


Cockroach Comments (4)

Horses

"Wow! I thought cockroaches were gross but this is cool! :)"

Favour

"I've always thought cockroaches are eww. I guess this piece helps me appreciate these disgusting 'treasures'"

Larissa royal

"This is amazing. I have been learning about mini beasts so this has helped."

Showing 3 of 4 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:



Cockroach Translations

Bulgarian български език
Хлебарка
 
Catalan Català
Blatodeu
 
Czech Cesky
Švábi
 
Danish Dansk
Kakerlak
 
German Deutsch
Schaben
 
English English
Cockroach
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Blato
 
Spanish Español
Blattodea
 
Estonian Eesti
Prussakalised
 
Finnish Suomi
Torakat
 
French Français
Blattaria
 
Galician Galego
Cascuda
 
Hebrew עִבְרִית
תיקנאים
 
Croatian Hrvatski
Žohari
 
Hungarian Magyar
Csótányok
 
Indonesian Bahasa Indonesia
Kecoa
 
Italian Italiano
Blattodea
 
Japanese 日本語
ゴキブリ
 
Latin Latina
Blattodea
 
Malay Bahasa Melayu
Lipas
 
Dutch Nederlands
Kakkerlakken
 
Norwegian Norsk
Kakerlakker
 
Polish Polski
Karaczany
 
Portuguese Português
Blattaria
 
Romanian Româna
Gândac de bucătărie
 
Slovenian Slovenščina
Ščurki
 
Sundanese Basa Sunda
Cucunguk
 
Swedish Svenska
Kackerlackor
 
Turkish Türkçe
Hamam böceği
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Gián
 
Chinese 中文
蟑螂
 

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Cockroach article.
 
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Cockroach article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Cockroach Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Arthropoda
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Insecta
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Blattaria
Common Name:
Most widely used name for the species...
Cockroach
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Blattaria
Found:Worldwide
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
1.5-5.0cm (0.5-2in)
Number of Species:
The total number of recorded species...
4,000
Average Lifespan:18 months
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Black, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Shell
Favourite Food:Decaying Organic Matter
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Anywhere and everywhere
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
40
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Decaying Organic Matter
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Spiders, Birds, Mammals
Special Features:Long antennae and brain located in body not head

Related Animals

BeetleBeetle
There are more than 350,000 different species!
CentipedeCentipede
There are about 3,000 documented species!
MillipedeMillipede
Some species have a poisonous bite!
WoodlouseWoodlouse
Actually a crustacean, not an insect!
Earwig Earwig
There are nearly 2,000 different species!