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Coyote

CoyoteCoyoteCoyoteCalifornia Valley Coyote (Canis latrans ochropus) in the San Gabriel Mountains, CaliforniaCoyoteA coyote in Yosemite National Park, California, USA
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Coyote Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Carnivora
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Canidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Canis
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Canis latrans
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Carnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
75cm - 90cm (30in - 35in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
7kg - 21kg (15lbs - 46lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
64km/h (40mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
10 - 15 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Pack
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Brown, Grey, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Fur
Favourite Food:Rabbit
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Forests, plains and deserts
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
6
Main Prey:Rabbit, Mice, Deer
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Bears, Wolves
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Pointed ears and nose and a long, bushy tail

Coyote Location

Map of Coyote Locations
Map of North America

Coyote

Coyotes (prairie wolf) are native to North and Central America although they are believed to have split off from the European grey wolf. They are a species in their own right, differing from wolves in vocalization patterns, ecology, pack structure. The coyotes scientific name Canis latrans actually means barking dog.

Coyotes grow up to about 90cm in length, which is a similar size to a medium dog. The northern subspecies of coyote generally grows bigger than the southern subspecies of coyote. The Eastern coyote is the largest of all and has been found to be the result of a few remnant wolves mating with incoming coyotes in the northeastern states of the USA.

The coyote is able to reach sprinting speeds of around 40 mph which the coyote is able obtain for extended periods of time. The coyote can also jump to heights of up to 4m!

There are 19 different subspecies of recognised coyote with only 3 of these coyote subspecies found in central America. The remaining 16 subspecies of coyote can be found distributed throughout Mexico, Canada and the USA.

Historically the coyote has generally been nocturnal but now can often be seen during the day in areas where they are not persecuted by humans. In areas where they are heavily hunted and trapped they tend to remain nocturnal. Coyotes adapt very well to suburban life and can often be seen drinking out of swimming pools.

The coyote tends to reside in a burrow when its not looking for food and the coyote is more than capable of digging the burrow itself. The coyote is intelligent enough to find and inhabit an empty badger burrow if at all possible. This becomes the center of the coyotes territory which can extend to 19 km around the den. The size of the territory depends on how much food is available. Coyotes tend to associate in mated pairs, though in areas where large prey live a loose pack structure is observable. They are considerably less social than wolves and their threat displays are much more primitive. They arch their backs and gape their jaws and do not have the repertoire of facial expression the more social wolf has.The coloring of the coyote varies considerably according to location. In the northernmost parts of its range coyotes can be pale to almost white in color. In the west they tend to be a rich reddish hue with black markings. In the plains states they are plain grayish brown. The occasional black coyote is seen in the great plains states and in the eastern states; those may actually be the result of hybridization with wolves. It would take DNA analysis to be sure.

Coyote Translations

български език
Койот
Català
Coiot
Cesky
Kojot prérijní
Dansk
Prærieulv
Deutsch
Kojote
English
Coyote
Esperanto
Kojoto
Español
Canis latrans
Eesti
Koiott
Suomi
Kojootti
Français
Coyote
עִבְרִית
זאב ערבות
Hrvatski
Kojot
Magyar
Prérifarkas
Bahasa Indonesia
Koyote
Italiano
Canis latrans
日本語
コヨーテ
Latina
Coiotes
Nederlands
Coyote
Norsk
Prærieulv
Polski
Kojot
Português
Coiote
Româna
Coiot
Svenska
Prärievarg
Türkçe
Kır kurdu
Tiếng Việt
Sói đồng cỏ Bắc Mỹ
中文
郊狼

Coyote Comments

Hiitzlogan
"Coyotes are so cool and cute"
Justin
"Coyotes are so cool. Who wouldn't want to search up coyotes "
Chase
"I love coyotes"
Jahniqua
"I love you so much cool website "
jahniqua
"love this website so much"
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First Published: 10th November 2008, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 10 Nov 2008]

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