To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Crested Penguin


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Crested Penguins/Snares Penguins (Eudyptes robustus) diving
Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus), also known as the Snares Crested Penguin and the Snares Islands Penguin
Snares Crested Penguin (Eudyptes robustus)
The crested penguin (also known as the Fiordland crested penguin) is a medium-sized species of penguin natively found along the New Zealand coast. Crested penguins are named after the prominent yellow feathers that are arranged over the eyes and run along on top of these penguin's heads.

The crested penguin is found inhabiting dense tropical rainforest along the Fiordland coast, which is a region of New Zealand's South Island, found at the south-west tip. The crested penguin is also found on a number of the surrounding islands in Stewart Island where it shares it's habitat with other penguin species such as the yellow-eyed penguin and the little penguin.

The crested penguin has a blue/black coloured back and flippers, with a black head and red beak. The underside of the crested penguin is completely white as are the patches that are found either side of the crested penguin's beak. The bright yellow eyebrows of the crested penguin (from where it gets its name), run from behind it's eyes along each side of it's head.

The crested penguin is a medium sized penguin that inhabits it's native range in a colony with other crested penguin individuals. Although they spend the majority of their time together on land, crested penguins usually go out to sea with the rest of the colony but tend to hunt on their own, returning when they are full.

The crested penguin is a carnivorous animal, that like all other penguin species, survives on a diet that is only comprised of marine animals. Squid and small crustaceans make up the bulk of the crested penguin's diet along with smaller organisms including krill and various species of fish.

The crested penguin is usually found nesting in the forests and scrub that line the New Zealand coast and although historically undisturbed, the crested penguin now has a number of land-dwelling predators including cats, dogs and foxes along with rats and weasels that hunt their eggs. Large seals including fur seals and leopard seals hunt the crested penguin in the water along with large sharks and killer whales.

On average, the crested penguin breeds once a year, forming pairs that usually remain faithful to one another. The female crested penguin lays two eggs in her nest in the forest which are incubated by both parents for up to a couple of months, when only one of the eggs will usually hatch. The crested penguin chicks are fed and kept warm by their parents and remain with them until the chicks are more than a few months old and are able to hunt for themselves.

Today, the crested penguin is listed as an endangered animal with an estimated wild population of less than 3,000 breeding pairs. The crested penguin populations have declined rapidly in their native habitats due to deforestation and the introduction of mammalian predators.


Crested Penguin Comments (1)

Karissa Lee

"These little guys are soo adorable and lots of info too!!"


Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:



Crested Penguin Translations

German Deutsch
Dickschnabelpinguin
 
English English
Fiordland Crested Penguin
 
Finnish Suomi
Vuonopingviini
 
French Français
Gorfou du Fiordland
 
Hungarian Magyar
Fjordlandi pingvin
 
Italian Italiano
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
 
Japanese 日本語
フィヨルドランドペンギン
 
Dutch Nederlands
Fjordland kuifpinguïn
 
Norwegian Norsk
Skogpingvin
 
Polish Polski
Pingwin grubodzioby
 
Portuguese Português
Pinguim-de-fiordland
 

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Crested Penguin article.
 
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Crested Penguin article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Crested Penguin Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Sphenisciformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Spheniscidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Eudyptes
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Eudyptes robustus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Carnivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
60cm - 68cm (24in - 27in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
3kg - 6kg (6.6lbs - 13lbs)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
15 - 20 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Colony
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Vulnerable
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Black, White, Grey, Yellow
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Feathers
Favourite Food:Krill
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Rocky Antarctic Islands
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
2
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Krill, Fish, Shrimp
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Leopard Seal, Killer Whale, Sharks
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Red beak and bright yellow eyebrows

Related Animals

Adelie PenguinAdelie Penguin
Eats up to 2kg of food per day!
African PenguinAfrican Penguin
The only penguin species in Africa!
Chinstrap PenguinChinstrap Penguin
There are 7 million breeding pairs!
Emperor PenguinEmperor Penguin
The world's largest species of penguin!
Galapagos PenguinGalapagos Penguin
Found around the Equator!
Gentoo PenguinGentoo Penguin
Found throughout the sub-Antarctic!
Humboldt PenguinHumboldt Penguin
Found on the South American coast!