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Eastern Gorilla


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Eastern Gorilla
Eastern Gorilla
Gorilla Mother and Baby, Rwanda
Adult male Mountain gorilla
Gorilla at Volcanoes National Park
The eastern gorilla is one of two gorilla sub-groups found roaming in the jungles on the African continent (the other being the western gorilla). The eastern gorilla is less common than the western gorilla and is also the largest primate in the world.

The eastern gorilla is found inhabiting the tropical jungles and forests of parts of eastern and central Africa, along with lowland swamps and secondary forests. The eastern gorilla is found in the trees in throughout the countries of Rwanda, Uganda and eastern Congo.

There are considered to be two separate sub-species of eastern gorilla which are the eastern lowland gorilla and the mountain gorilla. Although only slightly different in appearance, the two eastern gorilla species differ in their numbers with the mountain gorilla being rarer in the wild today than the eastern lowland gorilla.

The eastern gorilla is one of the great apes, a group that includes orang-utans, gorillas, humans and chimpanzees. As with the other great apes, the eastern gorilla has a number of features which makes living in the jungle a bit easier, including having opposable thumbs which come in handy when the eastern gorilla is peeling fruit.

The eastern gorilla is an omnivorous animal, but the majority of it's diet is made up of eating fruit which the eastern gorilla is known to travel vast distances through the forests to find. The eastern gorilla also eats leaves, nuts and berries, along with insects and occasionally small animals such as lizards and rodents. The eastern gorilla has also been observed using basic tools in the wild in order to more effectively gather food.

Due to it's large size, the eastern gorilla has few real predators in it's native African forests, with large cats such as leopards and the odd crocodile being the only real natural threat to the eastern gorilla. The biggest threat to the eastern gorilla is habitat loss caused by deforestation and also being hunted by humans. Parts of the eastern gorilla's territory has also been taken over by civil unrest in recent years, which, along with poaching, has had a truly devastating affect on wild populations.

The eastern gorilla tends to live in groups which are led and protected by the alpha male. The alpha male eastern gorilla also mates with the females in his group, producing generally single offspring, known as babies. The eastern gorilla babies remain with their mother until they are a few years old and become independent.

Today, all eastern gorillas are considered to be endangered species with populations having suffered due to habitat loss and illegal poaching. There are estimated to be around 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas, and an even fewer 700 mountain gorilla individuals left in the wild.


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Eastern Gorilla Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Primates
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Hominidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Gorilla
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Gorilla Berengei
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size(H):1.5m - 1.8m (5ft - 6ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
204kg - 227kg (450lbs - 500lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
40km/h (25mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
35 - 50 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Social
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Black, Brown, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Hair
Favourite Food:Leaves
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Tropical forest and jungles in mountainous regions
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Leaves, Seeds, Herbs
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Leopard
Special Features:Sociable habits and agile hands and feet

Related Animals

Cross River GorillaCross River Gorilla
Less than 300 remaining!
Eastern Lowland GorillaEastern Lowland Gorilla
Less than 5,000 in the wild!
GorillaGorilla
The biggest of the world's primates!
Mountain GorillaMountain Gorilla
Isolated populations found in the mountains!
Western GorillaWestern Gorilla
There are two sub-species!
Western Lowland GorillaWestern Lowland Gorilla
One of the great apes!