To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>


 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)
Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
Singing Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) in Berlin, Germany
The nightingale is a small species of bird thought to be formally members of the thrush family. The nightingale is often mistaken for the robin, as the nightingale is about the same size and the female robin is very similar in appearance to the nightingale.

The nightingale is a morning bird and the nightingale can often be heard singing it's loud song at dawn. In urban areas, the nightingale will sing even louder at dawn to make up for the extra background noise.

The nightingale breeds naturally in the European and Asian forests during the summer months and the nightingale then migrates to Africa for the winter, to it's warmer climates. The nightingale returns north in the spring again to nest.

The nightingale is believed to have been named more than 1,000 years ago, with the term nightingale meaning night songstress in Anglo-Saxon. The nightingale was named due to the fact that the nightingale is often heard singing during the night as well as during the day. It is thought that it is the single (unpaired) male nightingales that sing during the night which they do to try and attract a mate.

Nightingales are small birds with the average adult nightingale being around 15cm in height. The nightingale has plain brown feathers covering it's body and is known to have a red-sided tail.

Nightingales are omnivorous birds and feed on a mixture of fruits, seeds, insects and nuts. Nightingales have many predators in their natural environment mainly due to their small size. Predators of the nightingale include mammals such as rats, foxes and cats and reptiles like large lizards and snakes. Nightingales are also hunted by large birds of prey.

Nightingales inhabit thick forests and woodland in Europe and Asia, excluding those that are in the far north. Despite the large number of nightingales present in their natural habitats, nightingales can often be difficult birds to spot. Nightingales can be heard easily due to their loud singing but are often found hiding in dense foliage out of sight.

Nightingales mate in the spring, and the female nightingale build a cup-shaped nest in a dense thicket close to the ground. Nightingale nests are often very hidden from the outside world, and are made up of twigs, leaves and grass. The female nightingale lays between 2 and 5 eggs per clutch, and the nightingale chicks hatch after an incubation period of just a couple of weeks.

Nightingales travel vast distances every year in order to migrate between the north and the south. The average lifespan of the nightingale is around 2 years, although some nightingale individuals (particularly those nightingales in captivity) have been known to live for a far amount longer.

Nightingales are named so because they frequently sing at night as well as during the day. The name has been used for well over 1,000 years, being highly recognizable even in its Anglo-Saxon form - 'nihtingale'. It means 'night songstress'. Early writers assumed the female sang when it is in fact the male. The song is loud, with an impressive range of whistles, trills and gurgles. It's song is particularly noticeable at night because few other birds are singing. This is why it's name includes "night" in several languages.

Only unpaired males sing regularly at night, and nocturnal song is likely to serve attracting a mate. Singing at dawn, during the hour before sunrise, is assumed to be important in defending the bird's territory. Nightingales sing even more loudly in urban or near-urban environments, in order to overcome the background noise. The most characteristic feature of the song is a loud whistling crescendo, absent from the song of Thrush Nightingale. It has a frog-like alarm call.

Nightingale Comments (10)


"There is nothing about this bird you wont know after reading this unless you do the research in person. This website really helped and I've recommended it to many of my friends. I will continue to use this website. Thank You All"


"Really informative !"


"Wow! Thanks so much! i had a nightingale in my garden and wasn't sure if it was a robin. this helped a lot! thanks heaps!"

Showing 3 of 10 comments.

Show More Comments

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Nightingale article.
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Nightingale article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Nightingale Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Luscinia Magarhynchos
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
14cm - 16.5cm (5.5in - 6.5in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
20cm - 22cm (7.9in - 9in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
15g - 22g (0.5oz - 0.7oz)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
29km/h (18mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
1 - 3 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Fruit
The specific area where the animal lives...
Open forests and thickets
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fruit, Nuts, Seeds, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Rats, Cats, Lizards
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Small body size with no markings and thin beak

Related Animals

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
There are 200 different species!