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Pheasant


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A male Pheasant at RSPB Minsmere Reserve
A male Pheasant at RSPB Minsmere Reserve
A male Pheasant at RSPB Minsmere Reserve
A female Pheasant at RSPB Minsmere Reserve
A female Pheasant at RSPB Minsmere Reserve
The pheasant is a large sized bird that is found in fields and on the edge of woodland particularly in the Northern Hemisphere. Pheasants are best known for the brightly coloured feathers (in a range of colours) and the long tail feathers of the male pheasant.

The pheasant is thought to be native to Asia, with some relation to the wild chickens that are found in the jungles particularly in India. Today the pheasant can be found all over the world and there are more than 35 different species of pheasant today.

Pheasants are large sized birds and some pheasant individuals can grow to nearly 90cm in length. The male pheasant is generally larger than the female pheasant, sometimes double the size. The male pheasant has an array of brightly coloured feathers but the female pheasant (known as a hen) is relatively dull in comparison and tends to be brown or grey in colour.

Pheasants are omnivorous birds and therefore pheasants eat both plant and animal matter. Pheasants feed on seeds, berries and fruits, insects, worms and occasionally small reptiles such as lizards.

Pheasants have a number of natural predators in the wild, although the human tends to be the most common predator of the pheasant as they are hunted for their meat and feathers. Other animals that prey on the pheasant are foxes, dogs and wildcats along with smaller species of animal that eat the eggs of the pheasant.

The female pheasant lays between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch which are generally large in size. The pheasant eggs hatch after an incubation period of just under a month. The pheasant chicks are nursed and fed by the mother pheasant until they fly away from the nest when they are just a few weeks old.

Although the pheasant is not at immediate risk from extinction, the pheasant populations are declining mainly due to loss of habitat and over-hunting. It is thought that around 80% of the pheasants hunted every year are only a few months old and are therefore unlikely to have mated with another pheasant.


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Pheasant Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Galliformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Phasianidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Phasianus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Phasianus Colchicus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
53cm - 84cm (21in - 33in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
71cm - 86cm (28in - 34in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
0.9kg - 1.5kg (1.9lbs - 3.3lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
30km/h (18mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
7 - 10 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Solitary
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Black, Tan, Yellow, Orange, Red, Green
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Feathers
Favourite Food:Insects
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Grasslands, fields and wetlands
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
10
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Insects, Berries, Seeds
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Fox, Dog, Human
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Brightly coloured feathers and long tail of the male

Related Animals

ChickenChicken
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
PeacockPeacock
Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!
Guinea FowlGuinea Fowl
Found in a vairety of African habitats!
TurkeyTurkey
Closely related to pheasants and chickens!