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Warthog


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Warthogs in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique
Warthog in Ghana
Warthog in Ghana
Warthog in Ghana
Warthog
The warthog is a large species of pig that is found in the desert and shrub-lands of Africa. There are considered to be two species of warthog which are the common warthog and the desert warthog. The common warthog tends to be found in the more northern regions of Africa and the desert warthog is found in the south of Africa, and is sometimes also referred to as the Cape warthog.

The warthog is named after the two sets of tusks that are found on the face of the warthog. Warthogs use their tusks both for fighting off unwanted predators and other competing male warthogs, and the warthogs also use these tusks for digging in the dirt for grubs and insects.

Warthogs have a diet that consists mainly of grass, fruit, berries, roots and insects but warthogs are also known to occasionally eat small mammals, birds and reptiles. The diet of the warthog however, depends on the season and what is growing and therefore available for the warthog to eat.

The warthog is a fantastic digger thanks to the strong tusks on the jaws of the warthog but the warthog also uses its head and feet to help the warthog dig into the ground either to search for grubs or so that the warthog can build a burrow. Despite the fact that the warthog is a very capable digger, warthogs seem to prefer to occupy abandoned burrows built by other animals, rather than build their own.

Warthogs live together with other warthogs in small family groups that are known as sounders. These warthog groups generally have a few female warthog members and their young, and will have one male warthog member who is responsible for protecting the sounder and mating with the female warthogs.

Warthogs tend to be found in areas where there is a good supply of water, so that the warthogs are not only able to drink but also enjoy to wallow in the cool, muddy water. Warthogs also prefer to inhabit grassy and open plains but have been found living close to the border of the Sahara Desert.

The warthog has many predators in the African wild including lions, cheetahs and crocodiles but the human is one of the main predators of the warthog as they have hunted warthogs not just for their meat, but also for the ivory that is found in the tusks of the warthog.

The warthog has very poor eye sight although warthogs have a good sense of smell which allows the warthog to hunt for food and to detect any nearing predators. Warthogs are also good at running and jumping and are well known for running with their tails pointing towards the sky.


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Warthog Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Suidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Phacochoerus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Phacochoerus Africanus
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
0.9-1.5m (3-5ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
50-150kg (110-330lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
48km/h (30mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
12-18 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Group
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Hair
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Arid savannas and grass plains
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
4
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Roots, Bulbs
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Lion, Hyena, Crocodile
Special Features:Strong, curved tusks and broad snout

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