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Water Buffalo


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Water buffalo bathing in a sinkhole in Taiwan.
Water buffalo in Srilanka
Water buffalo in Sumatra, Indonesia.
Water buffalos bathing in a sinkhole in Vietnam
An Asian water buffalo
The water buffalo is thought to have originated in Asia but has since been introduced to Australia, Africa, Europe and North America. The wild Asian water buffalo is now considered to be an endangered species.

The water buffalo has been domesticated by humans for thousands of years and is used to pull heavy machinery and to carry heavy loads. Buffalo are farmed in most countries for their meat.

The water buffalo lives in herds with anywhere from a few buffalo to bigger herds in Africa that commonly have hundreds of buffalo per herd. The buffalo is common prey for larger predators such as tigers, crocodiles and lions.

The buffalo belongs to the same family of animals as wild cows. This group also includes the African buffalo and the American bison along with the yak and the zebu. Male water buffaloes have very distinctive, large curved horns on the tops of their heads. The male water buffalo is also about a third large than the female water buffalo and the male water buffalo is therefore more commonly used as agricultural aid.

Water buffalo spend most of their time submerged in the muddy waters of Asia's tropical forests. By doing this, the water buffalo is able to keep itself cool in the hot and humid jungle conditions. The hooves on the water buffalo's feet are spread out which allows the water buffalo to stop itself from sinking into the mud on the river beds and swampland.

The water buffalo is herbivorous animal and the water buffalo therefore has a purely vegetarian diet. Water buffalo munch on aquatic plants when they are in water but water buffalo seem to prefer to leave the water to find grassland where the water buffalo can graze on grasses, leaves and herbs.

Female water buffalo produce one water buffalo calf every couple of years. After a gestation period of up to 11 months, the female water buffalo gives birth to her buffalo baby. The baby water buffalo stays with its mother and is dependant on her for it's first couple of years. After about three years, male water buffaloes leave the mother water buffalo to join all male water buffalo groups. The female water buffalo will often remain in the same water buffalo herd as it's mother.

Although the wild Asian water buffalo is now considered to be an endangered animal, the commercially farmed water buffalo can be found all around the world. There are thought to be more than 150 million commercially farmed water buffalo across the globe today which are farmed for their milk, meat and leather.


Water Buffalo Comments (7)

Callum

"This website is so epic it gives amazing info and whenever I need to do a animal project I always use this website:). This website rocks!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

Anonymous

"Learning about these animals is so fun especially the water buffalo it is fun."

Warren

"We have two pink baby girl buffaloes on Thung Dong Farm in northern Thailand. They are the most friendly and affectionate animals you could ever hope to meet. They free-range and go to bed at night by themselves and get up early for a dip in the lake. Not enough is said about these amazing creatures!"

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Water Buffalo Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Artiodactyla
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Bovidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Bubalus
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Bubalus Bubalis
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Herbivore
Size:
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
2-3m (6.6-9.8ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
400-900kg (880-2,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal...
48km/h (30mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
15-25 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
Brown, Tan, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Leather
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Marsh and swampland
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once...
1
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Grass, Leaves, Aquatic plants
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Wild cats, Crocodile
Special Features:Large head and body and wallow in water holes

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CowCow
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Highland CattleHighland Cattle
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YakYak
There are only a few left in the wild!
ZebuZebu
There are around 75 different species!