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The Himalayas


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Mount Everest

The Himalayas are the tallest mountain range on Earth, towering more than 8,000 metres above sea level at their highest points. They are the most inhospitable mountains in the world and stretch for 2,000 miles across Asia through India, Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan affecting the lives of billions of people throughout the continent.

The Himalayan mountain range is home to the world's highest peaks including Mount Everest and K2. Situated in the Mahalangur Himal, a subrange of the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and Tibet, the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest, stands at 8,848 meters above sea level. K2 is the second highest at 8,611 meters and is found close to the border of Pakistan.


Snow Leopard
The Himalayas are the source of some of the world's major rivers including the Ganges (India), the Yangtze (China), and the Mekong (south-east Asia). The combined drainage basin of all the rivers that originate in the Himalayas is said to be home to 3 billion people (almost half of the planet's population), across 18 different countries.

There is more life found in the Himalayas than in any other mountain range on Earth, and even large carnivores such as snow leopards, wolves and jackals are found negotiating the treacherous slopes. They are also home to the highest living animal in the world, which is a small jumping spider found at an elevation of around 6,700 meters.


Alpine Meadow
It is estimated that between 18,000 and 21,000 different species of plant are found across the Himalayan mountain range, and it is thought that up to 1/4 of our plants today originated there. Despite being one of the youngest mountain ranges on Earth, the Himalayas have been severely affected by recent global warming, melting and changing faster than anywhere else on Earth outside the poles.

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