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The Volcanic Seven Summits

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Volcanic 7 Summits

It was once volcanoes that shaped our planet, but today, many of the world's largest volcanoes lie extinct. Their fertile slopes are home to unique animals and plants that are found no-where else on Earth including some species that are only found in very specific areas and only at certain altitudes.

The largest volcanoes on each of the continents are known as the Volcanic Seven Summits, and although there has been some dispute over the years as to which countries they lie in, they are a popular challenge for climbers. Disagreements have also come about over the classification of what you would call a true volcano, so here are the highest:

Mount Kilimanjaro
Name: Mount Kilimanjaro
Elevation: 5,895 m (19,341 ft)
Range: Kilimanjaro
Country: Tanzania
Status: Extinct
Last Erupted: Unknown
Ecology: Bamboo, Elephants, Buffaloes

Mount Sidley
Name: Mount Sidley
Elevation: 4,285 m (14,058 ft)
Range: Executive Committee Range
Country: Marie Byrd Land
Status: Extinct
Last Erupted: Unknown
Ecology: Snow Covered

Mount Damavand
Name: Mount Damavand
Elevation: 5,610 m (18,406 ft)
Range: Alborz
Country: Iran
Status: Dormant
Last Erupted: Unknown
Ecology: Gazelle, Brown Bears, Wolfs

Mount Elbrus
Name: Mount Elbrus
Elevation: 5,642 m (18,510 ft)
Range: Caucasus
Country: Russia
Status: Extinct
Last Erupted: 50AD
Ecology: Chamois, Lynx, Foxes

Pico de Orizaba
Name: Pico de Orizaba
Elevation: 5,636 m (18,491 ft)
Range: Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Country: Mexico
Status: Dormant
Last Erupted: 1846
Ecology: Glaciers, Grasses, Rainforest

Mount Giluwe
Name: Mount Giluwe
Elevation: 4,368 m (14,331 ft)
Range: Southern Highlands
Country: Papua New Guinea
Status: Extinct
Last Erupted: Unknown
Ecology: Cuscus, Cassowary, Frogs

Ojos del Salado
Name: Ojos del Salado
Elevation: 6,893 m (22,615 ft)
Range: Andes
Country: Chile/Argentina
Status: Extinct
Last Erupted: 700AD
Ecology: Flamingoes, Foxes, Llama

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