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Bison

Bison Facts

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderArtiodactyla
FamilyBovidae
GenusBison
Scientific NameBison Bison
TypeMammal
DietHerbivore
Size (L)2m - 2.7m (6.6ft - 9ft)
Weight1,000kg - 1,300kg (2,200lbs - 2,500lbs)
Top Speed35km/h (22mph)
Life Span15 - 20 years
LifestyleHerd
Conservation StatusThreatened
ColourBrown, Tan
Skin TypeHair
Favourite FoodGrass
HabitatGrass plains and forest
Average Litter Size1
Main PreyGrass, Acorns, Berries
PredatorsHuman, Bear, Wolves
Distinctive FeaturesHuge head and a shoulder hump

Bison Location

Map of Bison Locations

Bison

The bison is also known as the American bison and the American buffalo, although the bison is only thought to be very distantly related to the buffalo and the water buffalo found in Africa and Asia respectively.

The bison is one of the largest types of cow in the world with adult bison commonly growing to 2 meters tall or more. The bison typically have long shaggy hair if they inhabit colder regions and the bison in the warmer climates have shorter hair.

The wild bison has been hunted by humans for meat, skins and trophy hunting. The bison has only a handful of predators in the wild mainly due to the sheer size of the bison. Wolves, bears and cougars are amongst those animals that hunt the bison in their natural habitat.

The bison is considered to be the largest land mammal still in existence in North America, where the natural habitat of the bison ranged from Canada to Mexico. Due to loss of the bisons habitat and hunting, the bison are now only found in large herds in very remote areas and farmland.

Before the settlers arrived in North America in the 1800s there were approximately 60 - 100 million bison inhabiting the area, the settlers hunted the bison population down to a mere 1,000 from which the species has still not fully recovered.