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Borneo Elephant

Borneo Elephants at Oregon ZooBorneo Elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis)Borneo elephants (Elephas maximus borneensis)
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Borneo Elephant Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum
Mammalia
Order:
A group of animals within a class
Proboscidea
Family:
A group of animals within an order
Elephantidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family
Elephas
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species
Elephas Maximus Borneensis
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to
Mammal
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats
Herbivore
Size (H):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
2m - 3m (7ft - 10ft)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
3,000kg - 5,000kg (6,500lbs - 11,000lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
43km/h (27mph)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for
55 - 70 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Herd
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
Critically Endangered
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Grey, Brown, Black
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Leather
Favourite Food:Grass
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives
Rainforest and tropical woodland
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
1
Main Prey:Grass, Fruit, Roots
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Human, Tiger
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal
Long trunk and large feet

Borneo Elephant Location

Map of Borneo Elephant Locations
Map of Asia

Borneo Elephant

The Borneo elephant is a sub-species of Asian elephant which includes the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant, the Sri-Lanka elephant and the Borneo elephant. The Borneo elephant is also known as the pygmy elephant as it is the smallest of the elephant sub-species.

As its name suggests, the Borneo elephant is found exclusively on the island of Borneo in the Malaysian state of Sabah and parts of Indonesian Kalimantan. Much of the Borneo elephants natural habitat has been destroyed to make way for palm oil plantations and there are now thought to be less than 1,000 Borneo elephant individuals left in Sabah.

The Borneo elephant has smaller ears than the African elephant and the Borneo elephant also has a more curved spine than the African elephant. Unlike the African elephants, the female Borneo elephants very rarely have tusks, and if the female Borneo elephant does have tusks, they are generally barely visible and can only be seen when the female Borneo elephant opens her mouth.

The Borneo elephant follows strict migration routes that are determined by the monsoon season. The eldest elephant of the Borneo elephant herd is responsible for remembering the migration route of its Borneo elephant herd. This Borneo elephant migration generally takes place between the wet and dry seasons and problems arose when farms where built along the migratory routes of the Borneo elephant herds, as the Borneo elephants caused a great deal of destruction to the newly founded farmland.

Borneo elephants are herbivorous animals meaning that they only eat plants and plant matter in order to gain all of the nutrients that they need to survive. Borneo elephants eat a wide variety of vegetation including grasses, leaves, shoots, barks, fruits, nuts and seeds. Borneo elephants often use their long trunk to assist them in gathering food.

Due to their large size, Borneo elephants have very few predators within their natural environment. Besides human hunters, tigers are the primary predator of the Borneo elephant, although they tend to hunt the smaller Borneo elephant calves rather than the much larger and stronger adults.

Female Borneo elephants are generally able to breed by the time they are 10 years old, and give birth to a single Borneo elephant calf after a 22 month gestation period. When the Borneo elephant calf is first born, it weighs about 100 kg, and is cared for not only by it's mother by also by other female Borneo elephants in the herd (known as aunties). The infant Borneo elephant remains with its mother until it is around 5 years old and gains its independence, with males often leaving the herd and female calves staying.

Today, the Borneo elephant is considered to be an animal that is in immediate danger of becoming extinct due to the fact that Borneo elephant populations have been declining at a critical rate. Borneo elephants are thought to be suffering primarily due to habitat loss in the form of deforestation and hunting for their ivory tusks by human poachers.

Borneo Elephant Translations

Català
Elefant asiàtic
Cesky
Slon indický
Dansk
Asiatisk elefant
Deutsch
Asiatischer Elefant
English
Borneo Elephant
Esperanto
Azia elefanto
Español
Elephas maximus
Eesti
India elevant
Suomi
Aasiannorsu
Français
Éléphant d\'Asie
Galego
Elefante asiático
עִבְרִית
פיל אסייתי
Hrvatski
Azijski slon
Magyar
Ázsiai elefánt
Italiano
Elephas maximus
日本語
アジアゾウ
Latina
Elephas maximus
Bahasa Melayu
Gajah Asia
Nederlands
Aziatische olifant
Norsk
Asiatisk elefant
Polski
Słoń indyjski
Português
Elefante-asiático
Slovenščina
Azijski slon
Svenska
Asiatisk elefant
Türkçe
Asya fili
Tiếng Việt
Voi châu Á
中文
亚洲象

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First Published: 6th July 2010, Last Updated: 9th January 2017 [View Sources]

Sources:
1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2010]
2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2010]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2010]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 06 Jul 2010]

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