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Chinchilla

Chinchilla Facts

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderRodentia
FamilyChinchillidae
GenusChinchilla
Scientific NameChinchilla Lanigera
TypeMammal
DietHerbivore
Size (L)25cm - 35cm (10in - 14in)
Weight400g - 500g (14oz - 18oz)
Top Speed24km/h (15mph)
Life Span10 - 18 years
LifestyleSolitary
Conservation StatusEndangered
ColourBeige, Brown, Grey
Skin TypeFur
Favourite FoodFruit
HabitatDry and mountainous regions
Average Litter Size3
Main PreyFruit, Nuts, Seeds
PredatorsOwls, Fox, Cougars
Distinctive FeaturesDense fur and long back legs

Chinchilla Location

Map of Chinchilla Locations
Map of South America

Chinchilla

Chinchillas are medium sized rodents native to the Andes mountains in South America. Chinchillas are named after the tribe that hunted the chinchillas for their dense fur, the Chinchas. A chinchilla is therefore a fairly rare animal in its natural habitat today.

Chinchillas feed on nuts, seeds and berries. They can defend themselves by spraying urine and releasing their fur when they are under attack.

In more recent years people are beginning to keep chinchillas as pets. Chinchilla domestication occurred in the 1920s when an engineer in Chile took a group of chinchillas to California. Since then chinchillas are bred as pets and sold all around the world.When handling chinchillas, it is important to not pick them up from underneath like a rat or hamster, because they have a feature called "floating ribs". Their ribs are not fully attached to their spine and if pressure is applied upwards, the ribs could puncture vital organs and kill the chinchilla.Pet chinchillas require frequent attention as well as a supply of dust for "dust baths".