|Scientific Name||Chinchilla Lanigera|
|Size (L)||25cm - 35cm (10in - 14in)|
|Weight||400g - 500g (14oz - 18oz)|
|Top Speed||24km/h (15mph)|
|Life Span||10 - 18 years|
|Colour||Beige, Brown, Grey|
|Habitat||Dry and mountainous regions|
|Average Litter Size||3|
|Main Prey||Fruit, Nuts, Seeds|
|Predators||Owls, Fox, Cougars|
|Distinctive Features||Dense fur and long back legs|
Map of South America
ChinchillaChinchillas are medium sized rodents native to the Andes mountains in South America. Chinchillas are named after the tribe that hunted the chinchillas for their dense fur, the Chinchas. A chinchilla is therefore a fairly rare animal in its natural habitat today.
Chinchillas feed on nuts, seeds and berries. They can defend themselves by spraying urine and releasing their fur when they are under attack.
In more recent years people are beginning to keep chinchillas as pets. Chinchilla domestication occurred in the 1920s when an engineer in Chile took a group of chinchillas to California. Since then chinchillas are bred as pets and sold all around the world.When handling chinchillas, it is important to not pick them up from underneath like a rat or hamster, because they have a feature called "floating ribs". Their ribs are not fully attached to their spine and if pressure is applied upwards, the ribs could puncture vital organs and kill the chinchilla.Pet chinchillas require frequent attention as well as a supply of dust for "dust baths".