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Sulawesi Bear Cuscus (Ailurops ursinus), North Sulawesi, IndonesiaCommon Spotted Cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus) Iron Range NP, N.Queensland, AustraliaGround Cuscus at Cotswold Wildlife Park, Burford, OxfordshireCommon Spotted Cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus) Iron Range NP, N.Queensland, AustraliaCuscus (Phalanger Maculatus)
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Cuscus Facts

Five groups that classify all living things
A group of animals within the animal kingdom
A group of animals within a pylum
A group of animals within a class
A group of animals within an order
A group of animals within a family
Scientific Name:
The name of the animal in science
Phalanger Maculatus
The animal group that the species belongs to
What kind of foods the animal eats
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is
15cm - 60cm (6in - 24in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is
3kg - 6kg (6.5lbs - 13lbs)
Top Speed:
The fastest recorded speed of the animal
25km/h (15mph)
How long the animal lives for
8 - 12 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct
The colour of the animal's coat or markings
Black, Brown, Tan, White, Cream, Grey
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal
Favourite Food:
The preferred food of this animal
The specific area where the animal lives
Tropical rainforest and mangroves
Average Litter Size:
The average number of babies born at once
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from
Fruit, Leaves, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal
Snakes, Humans, Large birds of prey
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to this animal
Long tail and strong toes

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Cuscus Location

Map of Cuscus Locations


The cuscus is a large marsupial native to the Northern forest of Australia and the large, tropical island of Papua New Guinea. The cuscus is a subspecies of possum with the cuscus being the largest of the world's possum species.

The cuscus is known to range in size from just 15cm to more than 60cm in length, although the average sized cuscus tends to be around 45cm (18inches). The cuscus has small ears and large eyes which aid the cuscus through its nocturnal lifestyle.

The cuscus is an arboreal mammal and spends its life almost exclusively in the trees. The cuscus rests in the trees during the day, sleeping in the dense foliage and awakens at night to start moving through the trees in search of food. The cuscus is an omnivorous animal but the cuscus mainly eats leaves and fruits occasionally feasting on small birds and reptiles.

The cuscus is thought to breed throughout the year rather than having a strict breeding season. The mother cuscus gives birth to between 2 and 4 baby cuscus after a gestation period of just a couple of weeks. As with all marsupials, the female cuscus has a pouch on her tummy which the newborn cuscus babies crawl into and stay until they are bigger, less vulnerable and able to start feeding themselves. Typically only one of the cuscus babies will survive and emerge from the pouch after 6 or 7 months.

The cuscus has a long and very strong prehensile tail which is naked (has no fur) at the end. This allows the cuscus to be able to grip onto the tree branches more easily when the cuscus is moving from tree to tree and resting during the day. The cuscus also has long, sharp claws which help the cuscus when it is moving around in the trees. The cuscus has thick, woolly fur which can be a variety of colours including brown, tan and white.

Due to the arboreal and nocturnal lifestyle of the cuscus, the cuscus has few natural predators in its environment. The main predators of the cuscus (besides humans) are large snakes and birds of prey which tend to pick on the more vulnerable, young cuscus. The human is the biggest predator of the cuscus as natives hunt the cuscus for both the meat of the cuscus and the thick fur of the cuscus.

When the cuscus was first discovered, scientists believed that the cuscus was a type of monkey due to the way that the cuscus moves through the trees and uses its tail to grip onto branches. It was later discovered that the cuscus was actually most closely related to the possum.

Today the cuscus populations are declining mainly due to deforestation and therefore loss of the habitat in which the cuscus exists. More and more of the secluded forests where the cuscus dwells are being cut down, with the trees being sold to logging companies.

The cuscus is an elusive and very secretive animal that are extremely difficult to spot in the wild. It is said to be one of the most rewarding sights, if you spot a cuscus in its natural habitat.

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Cuscus Translations

Cuscús tacat
Kuskus skvrnitý
Eigentlicher Tüpfelkuskus
Common Spotted Cuscus
Spilocuscus maculatus
Spilocuscus maculatus
Foltos kuszkusz
Gevlekte koeskoes
Kuskus plamisty
Spilocuscus maculatus

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First Published: 18th September 2009, Last Updated: 8th November 2019

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2. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2011]
3. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals [Accessed at: 01 Jan 2010]
4. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Sep 2009]
5. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species [Accessed at: 18 Sep 2009]
6. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals [Accessed at: 18 Sep 2009]