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Elephant Shrew

Elephant Shrew Facts

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderMacroscelidea
FamilyMacroscelididae
GenusElephantulus
Scientific NameElephantulus
TypeMammal
DietOmnivore
Size (L)10cm - 30cm (4in - 12in)
Weight50g - 500g (2oz - 18oz)
Top Speed13km/h (8mph)
Life Span2 - 5 years
LifestyleSolitary
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
ColourBlack, Brown, Grey, White, Tan
Skin TypeFur
Favourite FoodInsects
HabitatForest, woodland and grassland
Average Litter Size2
Main PreyInsects, Worms, Spiders
PredatorsSnakes, Lizards, Birds of Prey
Distinctive FeaturesLong nose and long back legs

Elephant Shrew Location

Map of Elephant Shrew Locations
Map of Africa

Elephant Shrew

The elephant shrew is a small-sized mammal that is found exclusively in Africa. The elephant shrew is also known as the jumping shrew, as elephant shrews can hop like rabbits using their long back legs.

Elephant shrews can be found inhabiting forests, jungles, grasslands and dense woodland all across Africa. There are nearly 20 different species of elephant shrew, all of which vary in both colour and size.

Elephant shrews are known as insectivores as they survive on a diet that is solely comprised of insects. Despite their name and similar appearance, elephant shrews are not thought to be directly related to their shrew cousins in other parts of the world.

Elephant shrews are very active animals and are always out hunting for food during the day. Due to the diurnal lifestyle of the elephant shrew, it has learned to live it's life in the most successful ways possible. Elephant shrews are very wary and well camouflaged animals, and are able to run away from danger extremely quickly.

A number of elephant shrew species make a series of cleared pathways through the undergrowth and spend their days patrolling them for insect life. The pathways also give the elephant shrew a clear-run home should it become disturbed by a potential predator.

Although elephant shrews are omnivorous animals, the diet of an elephant shrew is nearly completely made up from insects. The elephants shrew hunts worms and grubs from out of the ground, spiders that run along the ground and insects that are found all around it.

Due to the small size of the elephant shrew, it has a number of natural predators in the wild. Snakes, lizards, birds of prey and omnivorous mammals all prey on the elephant shrew, but the elephant shrew is not the easiest meal to try and catch.

Female elephant shrews give birth to more than 1 litter of babies every year. The baby elephant shrews are born after a gestation period that can be between 1 and 2 months long. Baby elephant shrews are well-developed when they are first born but remain in the nest for a few days before they begin to head in the big wide world.