Animals >>

Grey Seal

Grey Seal Facts

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderCarnivora
FamilyPhocidae
GenusHalichoerus
Scientific NameHalichoerus Grypus
TypeMammal
DietCarnivore
Size2-3.3m (72-129in)
Weight150-300kg (330-660lbs)
Top Speed10km/h (6mph)
Life Span18-25 years
LifestyleHerd
Conservation StatusThreatened
ColourGrey, Tan
Skin TypeSmooth
Favourite FoodFish
HabitatCool waters and rocky shores
Average Litter Size1
Main PreyFish, Squid, Sandeels
PredatorsHuman, Sharks, Killer Whale
Special FeaturesSpeckled body and shiny, white whiskers

Grey Seal Location

Map of Grey Seal Locations

Grey Seal

The grey seal is one of the rarest species of seal in the world with around 40% of the grey seal population inhabiting the cooler waters around the United Kingdom.

Grey seals are the biggest land breeding mammal in the United Kingdom, but are superbly adapted for life in the sea. Adult grey seals have 2 layers of thick fur and a thick blubber layer of fat to keep them warm at sea.

Grey seals get all the water they need from their food and a well hydrated grey seal will have bright eyes and tears. Grey seals feed mainly on squid and fish but the grey seal prefers to hunt sandeels and the seabed.

The hands and feet of a grey seal are formed into webbed flippers with 5 strong claws on each. The grey seal has very powerful rear flippers that propel them through the water, using their tail to help steer. The grey seal also has very powerful shoulders that enable the grey seal to haul out onto steep and slippery rocks, even in a big swell.

Grey Seal pups have a white coat when born & for up to 3 weeks, then they moult into their adult coat. The grey seal mums feed their pups for 15 to 21 days with a rich milk that is 60% fat and the grey seal pups balloon out very quickly. After this weaning stage the grey seal mums leave their pups and the area. Grey seal pups leave too, as they must teach themselves to feed.

Life is hard for Grey Seal pups. About 30 to 50 percent of them die before their first birthday. Grey seal mums recognise their own pups calls and know exactly how their own pup smells.