Animals in Swaziland

Below you can find a complete list of Swaziland animals. We currently track 145 animals in Swaziland and are adding more every day!

You can see many animals in Swaziland, including over 500 species of birds. At least 105 species of wildlife have been spotted in the country. Many of these wild birds are cute. It is home to the South-central black rhinoceros. This country covering only 6,704 square miles has taken massive steps, including shooting poachers on the spot, to protect its wildlife. Wildlife is still threatened by human development and the climate. It is important to work with the Swaziland government and local residents before more animals go extinct.

The Official National Animal of Swaziland

The official animal of Swaziland is Thomson’s gazelle. It is also the national animal of Malawi. This animal can run up to 60 miles per hour for short periods and 30 miles per hour for a longer time.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Swaziland

You can see many types of wildlife on a trip to Swaziland. The government operates at least 17 protected areas for wildlife. Compared to many governments, the Swaziland government is very proactive in helping animals not go extinct. These animals include:

  • Elephants – About 40 elephants live in two herds in Hlane Royal National Park. In 1997, two elephant calves were born at Mkhaya Game Reserve, and it was the first time elephant births were recorded in the country for over 100 years, but these animals have been moved to Hlane Royal National Park.
  • Hippopotamuses – The government has worked with the Cologne Zoo to relocate many of these herbivores to the Mkhaya Game Reserve.
  • Black rhinoceroses – It can be tough to spot the elusive black rhinoceros because of their shy nature, but Mkhaya Game Reserve is a great place to try to see these herbivores. A herd was relocated here in 1995 by the government.
  • White rhinoceroses – You are likely to see white rhinoceroses wallowing in mud holes or rubbing against poles at Mkhaya Game Reserve. You may also see these herbivores grazing.
  • Nguni cattle – The Michaya Game Reserve was created in 1979 to protect the last herd of Nguni cattle, and you can still see them there.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Swaziland Today

Most wild animals in Swaziland are elusive or will not hurt you. In fact, many are unique animals that can even be called cute. There are some dangerous animals in Swaziland. Up to 400 people are bitten by snakes in Swaziland annually. You should take steps to protect yourself against dangerous animals and not pick them up because you think they are cute. These animals include:

  • Puff adder – Since puff adders rely on their camouflage to protect themselves, you may suddenly startle one before you even know that it is there. This snake, however, prefers to stay away from people.
  • Mozambique spitting cobra – These snakes live in the savannahs, where they feed on amphibians.
  • Black mamba – This unique snake lives in trees and on the ground in light woodlands and scrubs, rocky outcroppings, and semi-arid savannas.
  • Mosquitoes – Mosquitoes can cause many diseases. The U.S. government recommends you take malaria treatments when traveling to some areas of Swaziland.

Endangered Animals In Swaziland

Many animals are on the Red List because they may become endangered living in Swaziland. These unique endangered animals may be protected in national parks and reserves in Swaziland. Creating these areas may help animals not go extinct. Endangered animals include:

  • Cheetahs
  • Lichtenstein’s hartebeest
  • Fynbos Golden Mole
  • Cape Clawless Otter
  • Sei Whale
  • Samango Monkey
  • Schwarz’s White-collared Monkey
  • Short-eared Trident Bat
  • Spotted Hyaena
  • Robert’s Marsh Rat

Swaziland Animals

Aardvark

Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds!

African Bullfrog

The African bullfrog is one of only three species of frog that have “teeth.”

African Clawed Frog

A particularly ferocious amphibian!

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bichir

The bichir species is more than 400 million years old

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Rhinoceros

Horns can grow to 1.5m!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Hyena

They don’t laugh

Buffalo

Has no real natural predators!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Bush Baby

In a series of leaps, this creature can cover almost 30 feet of distance in just a few seconds.

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Caracal

Has 20 different muscles in it's ears!

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chameleon

There are more than 160 different species!

Cheetah

The fastest land mammal in the world!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cichlid

There are more than 2 000 known species!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Elephant Shrew

Found exclusively on the African continent!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Guinea Fowl

Found in a vairety of African habitats!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Hippopotamus

Has pink anti-bacterial sweat!

Honey Badger

One of earth's bravest creatures!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Impala

Able to jump over 10 feet high

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kudu

Lives in herds of up to 24 individuals!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard

Spends much of the time high in the trees!

Leopard Tortoise

The most widely distributed tortoise in Africa!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lion

Lives in small groups called prides!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marabou Stork

The marabou stork does not have a voice box.

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

Nile Crocodile

When a female Nile crocodile’s hatchlings are in danger, she may hide them in a special pouch inside her throat.

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Pangolin

Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Serval

Can leap more than 1 meter into the air!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Springbok

The springbok has a large tuft of hair that emerges from a pouch on the back

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vervet Monkey

Rarely found more than 450m from trees!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Warthog

Has two sets of tusks on it's face!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

White Rhinoceros

The second largest animal on the land!

Wildebeest

Can trek more than 1,000 miles every year!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebra

Stripe patterns are unique to each individual!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Zonkey

The offspring of Zebra and Donkey parents!

Zorse

The offspring of a Zebra and Horse parents!

Swaziland Animals List

Animals in Swaziland FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Are There Lions in Swaziland?

There are no unprotected prides of lions in Swaziland. If you want to see a lion, you will need to go to Hlane Royal National Park. You must hire a local guide to visit this location.

What Animals Do Lions Eat in Swaziland?

Lions are carnivores that eat other animals. Lions prefer to dine on African buffalo throughout the year. In the early rainy season, lasting from mid-October through the end of December, lions eat kudus, antelope and goats while they will switch to eating zebras in the late rainy season, lasting through mid-April.