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Prawn Facts

Common NamePrawn
Scientific NameDendrobranchiata
Size1cm - 15cm (0.4in - 5.9in)
TypeFresh, Brackish, Salt
Optimum pH Level6.5 - 9.0
Lifespan2 - 4 years
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
ColourPink, Grey, Black, White
Skin TypeShell
Favourite FoodFish
HabitatRocky, coastal waters
Average Litter Size100
Main PreyFish, Insects, Plankton
PredatorsHuman, Fish, Squid
Special FeaturesHard, curved body and beady eyes

Prawn Location

Map of Prawn Locations


Prawns are crustaceans similar in appearance to shrimps, but they can be distinguished by the gill structure which is branching in prawns and not in shrimp. The prawn is also related to the crab and the lobster.

Prawns are found in calmer waters were the prawns can nest in the water plants to lay their eggs. Like the shrimp, the prawn does tend to prefer the warmer waters in the tropics but some species of prawn are found in the Northern Hemisphere.

The prawn feeds by filtering nutritious particles out of the water flowing around the prawn, and the prawn is therefore often found on rocks or close to the sea floor.

Prawns are a common source of food for humans around the world, particularly in areas where the prawn exists naturally such as south east Asia.