10 Incredible Lynx Facts

Written by Jeremiah Wright
Updated: August 17, 2023
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Lynxes are solitary cats that live in the far regions of North America, Europe, and Asia’s northern woodlands. Their thick, gorgeous fur keeps them warm throughout the cold winter months. The coat varies in color depending on the climate they live in. Those in the southern areas usually have short hair, smaller paws, and are dark-skinned, while those on the northern side have thicker coats, more giant paws, and lighter ones. 

Discover 10 fascinating facts about the elusive lynx.

There are four different species of lynx. These include the Eurasian or Siberian lynx (Lynx lynx), Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis), bobcat (Lynx rufus), and the Spanish or Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus). Although nicknamed the Persian lynx or African lynx, the caracal is not part of this genus.

The lynx’s excellent vision has earned its legendary status in many civilizations’ mythologies. The cat is a creature in Greek, Norse, and North American mythology that sees what others cannot and can expose hidden secrets.

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Lynxes are superb hunters with outstanding hearing (the tufts on their ears serve as a hearing aid) and vision so sharp that they can see a mouse from a distance of 250 feet.

In addition to these, there are some incredible things to know about this amazing cat. Here are ten astonishing lynx facts. 

1. A baby lynx cannot survive without its mother

baby lynx portrait

Without the mother, the young lynx would not survive the first winter.

©Menno Schaefer/Shutterstock.com

Without the mother, the young lynx would not survive the first winter. This is because the kittens develop very slowly and don’t open their eyes until after ten days. They can’t go out until about five weeks after birth, and weaning comes after two months. Young lynx may survive on their own at ten months, although they typically stay with their mother for close to a year and do not reach full maturity until they are two years old.

2. Lynxes do not make nests

Two baby Lynx in a tree

Female lynxes raise their offspring in a natural hidden lair like this tree cave.

©Zoo Ostrava – Public Domain

Female lynxes do not construct nests. They like to raise their offspring in a natural, hidden lair (behind a cliff ledge, in a tree cave, or in dense vegetation).

3. Lynxes are excellent hunters

bobcat ready to pounce from wood

Instead of pursuing their victim, lynxes track and then ambush them.

©iStock.com/Anita Elder Design

Lynxes are formidable predators. They’ll go after any animal they feel they can take down. They don’t run as fast or as powerfully as some of their feline relatives; therefore, they hunt by sight and hearing. Because they dislike running after prey, they will approach quietly and pounce when the time is appropriate. Instead of pursuing their victim, they track and then ambush them. The rugged, forested environment makes this easier for them. A lynx may leap 6 feet into the air to hit a bird as it takes flight.

4. The female lynx only has one month to become pregnant 

A male and female Balkan lynx grooming and socializing.

The mating season is short for lynxes, only lasting from February to March.

©Panagiotis Komninelis/Shutterstock.com

For lynx, the mating season is short. It’s similar to the 1800s wooing era. It lasts from February to March, and the pregnancy period is between 63 and 72 days. There’s only a little window of opportunity for potential mates. In their search for a mate, the males are fiercely competitive. The animal, which is otherwise silent, makes a high-pitched shriek that concludes in a protracted wail and engages in intense bouts with other male candidates.

5. The lynx is in a close relationship with snowshoe hares

White snowshoe hare or Varying hare closeup in winter in Canada

The lynx’s survival depends upon a healthy population of snowshoe hares in its habitat.

©Jim Cumming/Shutterstock.com

Snowshoe hares and lynx are so closely related that as the hare population declines, the lynx population also declines. Then, if the population rises again, the lynx population will increase too. Lynx must rely almost entirely on hares (90 percent of their diet) because there are so few good alternatives. It’s a straightforward representation of the food chain, and the most popular prey of lynx is hares. They will also go after deer and birds, but only to a lesser extent. Birds aren’t worth the trouble, and deer are too much of an effort for the risk of a foot in the head.

6. Lynxes have natural snowshoes

Canada Lynx on the edge of the ice along Alaska highway at Johnson's Crossing, Yukon, Canada.

Lynxes can be found in cold climates such as North America, Europe, and Asia.

©Jukka Jantunen/Shutterstock.com

Lynxes can be found in cold climates such as North America, Europe, and Asia. Thanks to their thick, puffy coats, they enjoy the cold. They have a lot of fur on their paws, keeping their extremities warm. Lynxes have built-in snowshoes. When their feet strike the ground, they will extend out to properly distribute their weight, just like when you go around on snowshoes to make your legs bigger so you don’t slip on the ice and snow. 

7. Some lynxes are blue

Types of wild cats - Iberian Lynx

If you happen to chance upon a blue lynx in the wild, its color is the result of a genetic abnormality.

©tony mills/Shutterstock.com

A genetic abnormality in lynx can cause them to turn blue. They’re known as blue lynx, although it’s only a genetic mutation. Other colors include everything from reddish-brown to plain grey. Consider yourself fortunate if you come across a blue lynx in the wild. 

8. Lynxes use their urine as markers 

eurasian lynx sitting in tree

Lynxes will mark their territory by spraying trees with their urine, as well as scraping the ground or tree trunks with their hind feet.

©iStock.com/Korbinian Mueller

Lynxes mark their territory by spraying trees with their urine or scraping the ground and tree trunks with their hind feet. They also leave their scent by rubbing their heads and necks on objects like several other cat species. 

9. There is a rare lynx species in Newfoundland 

Canada Lynx perched on the side of a tree.

While experts believe the lynx population on Newfoundland genetically diverged from the mainland

Canada lynx

around 20,000 to 33,000 years ago, there are little genetic or morphological differences between them and the Canada lynx, pictured above.

©Evelyn D. Harrison/Shutterstock.com

In Newfoundland, a larger lynx subspecies have been discovered and given the name Newfoundland Lynx. It’s not a common species, and it’s been known to take down caribou, which are much bigger than a typical hare.

10. Lynxes do not move in groups

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Lynxes prefer a solitary existence.


Lynxes are solitary animals that spend most of their lives on their own. They like to travel alone and keep to themselves. They get together when the female lynx is raising her offspring or when it’s time to mate. Kittens that have recently separated from their mother may travel and hunt together for many months before splitting up. 

The photo featured at the top of this post is © iStock.com/Korbinian Mueller

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About the Author

I hold seven years of professional experience in the content world, focusing on nature, and wildlife. Asides from writing, I enjoy surfing the internet and listening to music.

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