Whether you fancy dogs or not, if you were to consider some of the cutest small dog breeds, the Pomeranian would likely not miss your list. With their almond-shaped dark eyes and fox-like faces, these small dogs with a “big dog” attitude are adorable and fluffy, which is why they remain the most famous American Kennel Club breed.
Pomeranians are descendants of Fled dogs, the smallest members of the Spitz family of dogs. They are also known as Poms, Dwarf Spitz, Zwergspitz, or Loulou. There is so much that’s incredible about these adorable little puffballs.
Check out these ten amazing Pomeranian facts that will fascinate you!
1. Most Pomeranian Puppies Change Color as They Grow
The Pom’s glory is in its fur appearance, thanks to the frill formed by the long hair around the chest and neck area. This is well complemented by a double coat covering the rest of its body. Most puppies exhibit a change in coat color as they age. For example, a brown puppy will turn bright orange, while a cream-colored one may eventually turn brown.
2. Pomeranians Come in 23 Different Colors and Patterns
No dog breed comes in as many color ranges as Proms. Many species of dogs come in no more than five color ranges. Proms have up to 23 color combinations. Some poms are entirely black, orange, merle, and bridle marked, while others are tri-color combinations.
Pomeranians were originally predominantly black, white, brown, and particolored. Dog breeding led to this diversity in colors where parents are thought to contribute one allele from each locus to their offspring randomly. Like what gives you and other animals their skin color, genetics is responsible for these diverse Pom dog colors.
With all the color varieties of the Pomeranians, you are unlikely to meet a Lavender Pom, though it is one of their color varieties. Lavender is the rarest Pomeranian color. It is made when a beaver-colored Pomeranian is bred with a blue-colored Pomeranian.
3. Blue Pomeranians are Not Actually Blue
You’d be greatly disappointed if you looked forward to seeing “blue” in a blue Pomeranian. Blue Poms’ color is more of a diluted black or grayish with blue nose pads and eye rims. When blue and black or two blue Pomeranians are bred, the offspring is a blue Pom. If you meet a pom with a watered shade of black fur, that’s the blue Pomeranian; no need to look further.
4. Pomeranians are Named After a Region in Northern Europe
In the northwest of Poland and northeast of Germany lies the Pomerania region, which inspired the name of these toy dogs. The breeding of medium and even large-sized Spitz dogs, which came in several colors, led to the rise of Pom Pom, their offspring.
5. Pomeranians’ Most Popular and Influential Fanciers
Queen Victoria, the second longest-serving monarch, was keen on breeding poms, and among her most famous poms was one called Marco. Marco was a red sable-coated Pom who received many awards.
Other notable personalities who kept Pomeranians include Martin Luther King Jr., the Baptist church minister famous for his human rights activism, and iconic speeches such as his most quoted speech, “I Have a Dream.” Martin Luther King’s pom was named Belferlein. The renowned physicist Isaac Newton also had a pom named Diamond.
6. A Pom Named “Boo” has a Vast Social Media Following
With more than 526,000 followers on Instagram and millions of likes on Facebook, Boo became a media sensation. This, even for most celebrities, is no mean feat. Boo was owned by Irene Ahn, a San Francisco-based employee of Facebook.
It is interesting to note that Boo inspired the writing of a picture book, which was published in 10 languages and was titled “The Life of the World’s Cutest Dog.” Unfortunately, Boo died in his sleep on the 18th of January 2019 due to heart problems he started experiencing shortly after Buddy, his fellow canine friend passed away in 2017.
7. Two Pomeranians Survived the Titanic
In April 1912, the British luxury passenger steamship sank in the North Atlantic Ocean. Of the twelve dogs on board, two of the only three that survived were Pomeranians, one named Lady. The two dogs were owned by Mrs. Rothschild and Margaret Bechstein, both of whom were rescued from the wreck by lifeboats. The third was a Pekingese.
8. Pomeranians can Give Birth to Twin Puppies
It’s common knowledge that dogs give birth to a litter of puppies. Well, that has led to many assumptions about twinning for look-alike puppies. Birthing twins is a rare phenomenon in dogs, and Pomeranian mothers, also known as Pom dams, can give birth to twins. Before delivery, the twins are typically enclosed by each in their embryonic sac, although they share the same umbilical cord. Sometimes these twins turn up in different colors.
9. Pomeranians Make Wonderful Therapy Dogs
Therapy dogs can be enjoyed by everyone, unlike service dogs. Apart from their exceptional ability to make wonderful medical dogs, they also turn out to be outstanding therapy dogs when trained. Because of their portrayal of affection and loving nature, they are great as emotional support dogs, and it is not uncommon to see them used in elderly care.
10. The Pomeranian is the Fastest Dog on Two Paws
Guinness World Records confirmed a Los Angeles California Pomeranian named Jiff as the fastest dog on two paws. The beautiful dog broke two world records, one for the fastest five-meter run on front paws and another for the fastest ten-meter run on hind legs. Jiff is a Pom of many talents and is also capable of riding a skateboard, shaking hands, bowing, and even stamping his autographs.
These achievements drove Jiff to become an internet sensation with a growing fanbase on all the platforms he is signed to. He commands a following of over 14,000 people and has over 200,000 followers on Instagram and more than 500,000 views on YouTube. If you want to see Jiff alongside a famous personality, you might consider watching Katy Perry’s music video “Dark Horse,” where Jiff was featured.
The photo featured at the top of this post is © iStock.com/FaST_9
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