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July 2012

The Sumatran Tiger Situation

Mon 30th July 2012 (0 comments)
Sumatran-Tiger (c) Monika Betley

The Sumatran Tiger is the smallest species of tiger in the world and is only found in the dense jungles on the tropical island of Sumatra in South-East Asia, where these formidable predators would have once roamed throughout the island.

However, with expanding human settlements and increasing amounts of activity in the forest, the Sumatran Tiger has become severely under threat from disappearing from the wild forever as they lose vast amounts of their natural habitats to deforestation to make way for agriculture.

Featured Article: How to Properly Care for Your Pet Bird

Fri 20th July 2012 (0 comments)

Featured Article: How to Properly Care for Your Pet Bird
Featured Article: How to Properly Care for Your Pet Bird, - License Information.

The Hornbills Of Borneo

Thu 19th July 2012 (0 comments)
Borneo (C) Mestska

Borneo is not only the third largest island in the world but it is also one of the most unique places on Earth. It's nearly 750,000 square kilometres are home to an incredible variety of habitats from dense tropical jungles to the complex coral reef systems found along the coasts.

The island is known as one of the world's biodiversity hotspots as it is home to some of the rarest and unique animals on Earth, many of which are found only in Borneo. Iconic species such as Orang-Utans, Pygmy Elephants and Proboscis Monkeys coexist in the rich jungles but there is also an incredible abundance of bird life.

Featured Article: Alpacas

Thu 12th July 2012 (3 comments)
Alpaca(C) Liz West

Alpaca is a representative of camelids family, which emerged nearly 9-10 million years ago. Surprisingly, all the camel species (including llamas and camels) have originated on the North-American continent, but after severe climate change they moved to south. In particular, advancement of glacier from the North Pole into the continent forced this species to look for another habitat. One branch of camelids family found itself in South America (as one could guess, the second branch is in Africa nowadays). In particular, alpaca is much related to llamas and vicunas, which also "reside" in the area. Their final settlement on the south is dated 2 million years ago.

It is important to mention that South-American camelids might be divided into 2 groups: wild (guanaco and vicuna) and domesticated (llama and alpaca). The first records of domestication of both alpaca and related species are dated by Moche civilization period (6-7 thousand years ago), they are testified by multiple petroglyphic drawings (animals depiction, hunting, etc.) Further development of Incas Emperor on these lands preconditioned large distribution of alpacas, which was used in various fields of livelihood: as a pack animal, as a source of meat and fiber, and, of course, religious rites essential for Incas culture. Invasion of Spaniards reduced the number of alpacas’ population significantly. In modern society, domesticated alpacas have preserved their multifunctional nature; their fleece is sold on high prices on the world market due to peculiar attributes.