Buffalo Vs Wildebeest: What Are The 5 Major Differences?

Aggressive Animal: African buffalo
© nelik/Shutterstock.com

Written by Kyle Glatz

Updated: April 13, 2023

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Africa is home to many large mammals, including elephants and rhinos. The vast continent also contains some very interesting members of the bovine family. While most people are familiar with domesticated cattle or bison, Africa has buffaloes and wildebeests. Today, we’re going to show you how these creatures are different from one another. We’ll perform a buffalo vs wildebeest comparison to show you what makes them distinct and where you can find them.

For the sake of comparison, we’re going to use data from the African buffalo because this species shares a range with the wildebeest and offers the greatest differences.  

Comparing a Buffalo and a Wildebeest

Buffalo and wildebeest have different behavior and morphology.
SizeWeight: 1,300 lbs – 2,000 lbs
Height: 3.5 ft-5.6 ft tall at the shoulder
Length: 5 ft-11 ft
Weight: 265 lbs – 600 lbs
Height: 4.3ft – 4.8 ft
Length: 5ft-8ft
Morphology– Quadrupedal ungulate with large head and body
– Brown or black, but some may be reddish
– Has long horns that grow horizontally from the head and then curve up and back toward the head
– Head is carried low relative to the shoulders
– The horns are connected by a bone shield in the middle called a boss
– Quadrupedal ungulate with a large head
– Dark gray or brown, and it may have stripes or even a bluish color
– Often has a shaggy mane around the sides and underside of the face
– Horns that develop horizontally and then curve downwards and back toward the head at the tips
– Head is carried above the shoulders
BehaviorPartially migratory
– Unpredictable and dangerous to humans
– Not domesticated
– Grazing animal that resides in a herd
– Powerful creatures that can fight off some predators
– Migratory creature, though some are nomadic
– Not domesticated
– Live in a herd
SpeciesSyncerus caffer
Several subspecies exist, including the cape, forest, Sudan, and the Nile
Connochaetes Taurinus Also called a gnu – A few subspecies exist, including black and blue
Location– African buffalo live in large swaths of sub-Saharan Africa, especially around the savannahs, woodlands, and sometimes near rainforests
– Lives in Kenya, Botswana, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of Congo
– Other buffalo species live in Asia, such as the water buffalo
– The most southern third of Africa, along with some spots on the central-east coast of the continent
– Found in Angola, South Africa, Zambia, Tanzania, and others
– Lives in Savannahs, plains, and other grasslands

The 5 Key Differences Between a Buffalo vs Wildebeest

Animal migration - wildebeest

Wildebeests have a much larger head than buffalo, but they weigh far less.

©Kristof Bellens/Shutterstock.com

The greatest differences between a buffalo and a wildebeest include their morphology, behavior, and location. Buffaloes are large, partially migratory ungulates with a brown, black, or reddish color and large horns that form a boss on the animals’ heads from most of sub-Saharan Africa. Wildebeests are smaller ungulates with gray or brown hair and stripes in some cases with a shaggy mane and a head carried above the shoulders that live in migratory herds in the southern third of Africa.

These animals look similar since they are large members of the bovine family. However, we can use the available data to distinguish between them in multiple ways. Let’s examine each creature and compare them to one another to fully understand their unique qualities.  

Buffalo vs Wildebeest: Size

Buffaloes are much larger than wildebeests. The largest buffalo can weigh upwards of 2,000 lbs, stand 5.6 ft tall at the shoulder, and measure 11 ft long. That is far bigger than a wildebeest that can only weigh about 550 or 600 lbs, grows 4.8 ft tall, and measures perhaps 8 ft long.

The buffalo is a very large, powerful creature, making the wildebeest seem small in comparison.

Buffalo vs Wildebeest: Morphology

The greatest differences between buffaloes and wildebeests are morphological. A buffalo is a large quadruped that is often brown, black, or reddish-brown. It has a long snout, rather short fur, and large horns. At least Cape Buffalo, the largest of the species, has large horns.

In particular, their horns grow to the side of the head and then curve upwards and eventually point back toward the head. The two horns connect on the front of the buffalo’s head in a bony shield called a boss. These animals also carry their heads below their shoulders in a lot of cases.

The wildebeest has a large head with a shaggy mane on the sides and underside. It can be brown or dark gray, and it sometimes appears almost blue. Wildebeests can have stripes on their sides as well. Their horns are smaller than Cape buffalo’s horns, and they develop horizontally, curve downwards, and then curve upwards towards the head.

The black wildebeest has horns that grow slightly forward from their heads but still take on a curving shape. These mammals also carry their heads above their shoulders, so they can appear quite tall.

Buffalo vs Wildebeest: Behavior

Wildebeests are migratory creatures for the most part, but some of them are merely nomadic and seek food and water where it’s available. These animals are not domesticated and live in large herds that can vary in size. They spend a lot of their time grazing.

Buffaloes are partially migratory, but they tend to stay in the same area. These creatures are not domesticated like other bovines because they are too wild and unpredictable to humans. They also live in a herd of varying sizes. Buffaloes are known for being strong animals, capable of warding off threats from large predators like lions and wild dogs. However, they are not always successful.  

Buffalo vs Wildebeest: Species

Although buffaloes and wildebeests seem like they’re from the same species, they’re not. Both of them belong to the Bovidae family, but they differ from there. For example, true buffalo, not bison, belong to Syncerus caffer, and they have several subspecies.

Wildebeests are members of the Connochaetes taurinus species, also known as gnu. They have two subspecies, the black wildebeest and the blue wildebeest.

Buffalo vs Wildebeest: Location

Buffalo and wildebeest both live in Africa. However, buffalo are more widespread than wildebeests throughout Africa and the world at large. Buffaloes live in Kenya, Botswana, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and other countries. Other species of buffalo, like water buffalo, live in Asia. They prefer to live in savannahs, woodlands, and near rainforests.

Wildebeests live in the southern third of Africa and some coastal areas. The countries include Angola, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and others. They also prefer savannahs and grasslands, but they do not frequent rainforest areas.

The two animals do overlap in their distribution to some extent, but the buffalo are found in a wider area.

Buffalo vs Wildebeest: Who Would Win in a Fight?

World's Scariest Animal: Cape Buffalo

Cape buffalo, despite its weight, can quickly pivot to combat predators.

©PACO COMO/Shutterstock.com

A buffalo would win a fight against a wildebeest. For the most part, buffaloes are far too large for a wildebeest to attempt to kill. The buffalo would charge the wildebeest and knock it over with its immense power and weight focused on the boss on its head.

From there, the mammal would be free to trample the wildebeest or try to gore it with its massive horns. It’s hard to imagine this fight going any other way, and the wildebeest would certainly have few avenues that lead to success.

Of course, these two animals are herbivorous and not likely to fight each other at all. Moreover, they are both herd animals, so neither creature would ever fight alone. If they did, though, the buffalo would handily win the battle and send the wildebeest fleeing or to an early grave.

Summary Of The 5 Major Differences Between A Buffalo And A Wildebeest

5 Major DifferencesBuffaloWildebeest
1 – SizeWeight: 1,300 lbs – 2,000 lbs
Height: 3.5 ft-5.6 ft tall at the shoulder
Length: 5 ft-11 ft
Weight: 265 lbs – 600 lbs
Height: 4.3ft – 4.8 ft
Length: 5ft-8ft
2 – MorphologyLarge quadruped that is often brown, black, or reddish-brown. It has a long snout, rather short fur, and large hornsLarge head with a shaggy mane on the sides and underside. It can be brown or dark gray, and it sometimes appears almost blue; can have stripes on its sides as well. Their horns are smaller.
3 – BehaviorPartially migratory, tend to stay in the same areaMigratory, though some are nomadic
4 – SpeciesBelong to Syncerus caffer, and have several subspeciesMembers of the Connochaetes taurinus species, and have two subspecies
5 – LocationMore widespread, live throughout Africa and the worldLive in the southern third of Africa and some coastal areas

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About the Author

Kyle Glatz is a writer at A-Z-Animals where his primary focus is on geography and mammals. Kyle has been writing for researching and writing about animals and numerous other topics for 10 years, and he holds a Bachelor's Degree in English and Education from Rowan University. A resident of New Jersey, Kyle enjoys reading, writing, and playing video games.

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