Discover the 11 Countries That Start With G

Aerial view of Berlin skyline with dramatic clouds in twilight during blue hour at dusk with retro vintage old Instagram style filter effect, Germany
© canadastock/

Written by Patrick MacFarland

Updated: September 27, 2023

Share on:


Countries That Start With G

Every country in this wonderful world of ours is unique and different. Some are big, some are small. Some have a lot of people, some don’t. If you look at the alphabet, there’s at least one country that starts with every letter. For the Letter G, there are 11 countries. Each of them has fascinating stories of how they came to be nations. 

Let’s explore the 11 countries that start with G: Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and Guyana. But first, we’ll go over a few tidbits like the most populated country, the largest country by area, and the oldest and youngest countries on this list.

The Most Populated Country That Starts with G

Out of the 11 countries on this list, Germany is the most populated country with over 83 million. The European nation is followed by the African country, Ghana. The least populated country is Grenada with a mere 126,000 people.

The Largest Country that Starts with G By Area

Again, Germany takes the top spot here. The country has an area of 348,560 kilometers squared. And like last time, the Caribbean island of Grenada takes the last spot on this list with 340 kilometers squared.

The Oldest Country that Starts with G

All countries in this list have been inhabited for thousands of years, but not all countries have been formally established for thousands of years. Likewise, at some point, each country may have had its independence but then quickly became controlled by another entity. So, using the metric of being completely independent, the oldest country on this list is Greece. It formally became independent from the Ottoman Empire on January 15, 1822.

The Youngest Country that Starts with G

Using the metric listed above, the youngest country on this list is Georgia. It declared its independence from the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991. The second-place title goes to Germany when West Germany was reunited with East Germany following the fall of the Berlin Wall and communism in 1989.



A whopping 88% of Gabon is covered in rainforest.

©AnitaAndCo/iStock via Getty Images

Located in Central Africa, Gabon is covered in rainforests and is rich in natural resources. The wildlife in Gabon is vast and diverse. There are elephants, antelope, and various species of monkeys living in the country. While Gabon is considered one of the wealthiest countries in Africa based on per capita income, a large percentage of the population remains extremely poor. Politically, Gabon was dominated by the Bongo family. But recently, immediately after President Ali Bongo was reelected for a third term, the military staged a coup d’etat.


Gambia Mangroves. Aerial view of mangrove forest in Gambia. Photo made by drone from above. Africa Natural Landscape.

During elections, Gambia votes with marbles (how fun!).

©mariusz_prusaczyk/iStock via Getty Images

Gambia is a slim country surrounded by Senegal except for its coastal area. The Gambia River runs through the middle of the country and the rest of this elongated nation has a tropical climate. With its savannahs in the southern portion of the country, there are several species of monkeys, leopards, hyenas, and warthogs. In terms of the economy, Gambians are very poor with a whopping 48% living in poverty.


Saarbrucken bridge and Sameba Cathedral in Tbilisi, Georgia

Wine was first invented in Georgia.

©Ozbalci/iStock via Getty Images

Although located more in West Asia, Georgians consider themselves more European in terms of the geopolitical order. The country used to be part of the Soviet Union but declared its independence after the fall of communism in 1991. Georgia is a mountainous country in the Caucasus Mountains, even though its climate is quite varied for a small country. It has both a continental climate and a subtropical and humid climate, depending on where you are. 


Germany takes the spot in having the largest train station in Europe, located in Berlin.


Located in Central Europe, Germany borders the Baltic Sea on the north and several countries on its land borders. A geopolitical force since its inception, it has been part of the very powerful Holy Roman Empire, the German Empire, and Nazi Germany. Now, it is a democracy when East and West Germany reunified after the fall of Communism. Germany has an oceanic climate in the north and more continental climate in the center of the country where it’s covered in forests.


Aerial view of Ghana

Ghana means “warrior king” in Soninke, a West African language.

©Kwame Kwegyir-Addo/iStock via Getty Images

Located just north of the equator, Ghana has a tropical climate where the country is covered in forests, savannahs, and mangroves. Recently, the country has been active in fighting deforestation. The country has been historically colonized by Europeans, starting with the Portuguese. Ghana claimed independence from the United Kingdom in 1957. Since then, Ghana has had several forms of government — from a republic to an authoritarian regime, struggling to form a democracy. 


Aerial view of the popular Agios Prokopios beach at Naxos island, Cyclades, Greece

Greece has a temperate climate in the north where it’s very mountainous

©Sven Hansche/

Located in Southern Europe, Greece has a temperate climate in the north where it’s very mountainous. It has more of a Mediterranean climate in the south close to the sea. Greece has thousands of islands, which have become rampant with tourists throughout the year. The country is also very biodiverse, with an abundance of flora and fauna. Economically, Greece has had a tumultuous time in recent years, being bailed out by the European Union for a near economic collapse.


St. George's capital of the Caribbean island of Grenada

The island nation of Grenada used to be named Concepcion, a name given by Christopher Columbus.

©Andreas Voelkel/iStock via Getty Images

Grenada is an island nation in the Caribbean. Natives lived on the island for thousands of years before Christopher Columbus arrived and conquered the island. The French eventually colonized the island in 1649, but it was soon transferred to Britain. Grenada claimed independence in 1974 and has been politically stable since 1983. Geographically, Grenada is a mountainous island with a tropical climate.


Calakmul pyramids in Mexico

A Maya archaeological site in the Mexican state of Campeche, deep in the jungles of the greater Petén Basin region.


Guatemala is in Central America, a country rich in biodiversity and is very mountainous with lush forests. The country has a lot of natural resources the government exports, but unfortunately, it is quite a poor country where its citizens experience hunger and food insecurity. Guatemala was involved in a 36-year civil war, but it is now politically stable with a democratic-elected government.


nice view of conakry

About 90% of Guinea are practicing Muslims and the fourth-largest mosque in the world is located in the nation.

©viti/iStock via Getty Images

Located in Western Africa, Guinea is also referred to as Guinea-Conakry to differentiate itself from the two other countries with Guinea in their title. Guinea is a biodiversity hotspot with an abundance of wildlife that includes buffaloes, monkeys, elephants, lions, and many species of birds and reptiles. In recent years, the country has experienced political instability with a coup in 2021 and ongoing human rights abuses.


West Africa Guinea Bissau Bijagos Islands - Paradise bay with golden sands

In terms of GDP, Guinea-Bissau is one of the poorest countries in the world but is rich in natural resources.

©Damian Pankowiec/iStock via Getty Images

Guinea-Bissau claimed its independence from Portugal in the mid-1970s and has had political instability since then. Much of the population in the country lives in poverty, with an astonishing 13% living in extreme poverty. Guinea-Bissau is covered in forests and savannas, as well as mangroves, and it is also rich in natural resources and very biodiverse.


Kaietuer falls from above, Guyana

Although Guyana is in South America, its official language is English.

©deeltijdgod/iStock via Getty Images

Guyana is located in South America and much of the country is covered by the Amazon rainforest. This means its wildlife is very diverse and the country’s climate is quite tropical. Historically, Guyana was controlled by the Dutch before the British colonized the country. It claimed independence in 1966 and has enjoyed political stability since the early 1990s.


And there you have it, the 11 countries that start with G. They are a diverse group of countries that have influenced their regions in various ways. Some countries like Greece have had immense influence on the entire world. Others are new nations that are giving it all to succeed and flourish. If you get the chance to visit these countries, immerse yourself in their culture and history to get the most out of the nation while you’re there.

Discover the 11 Countries That Start With G


Share this post on:
About the Author

Patrick Macfarland is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering travel, geography, and history. Patrick has been writing for more than 10 years. In the past, he has been a teacher and a political candidate. He holds a Bachelor's Degree in Political Science from SDSU and a Master's Degree in European Union Studies from CIFE. From San Diego, California, Patrick loves to travel and try new recipes to cook.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.