One of the most common sights in any grocery store’s produce section is piles and piles of apples. However, most stores only carry a small selection of this flavorful fruit, so you may not realize how many there are in the world! There are over 7,500 apple varieties worldwide, with 2,500 of them represented in the United States. And out of all those, only 100 varieties get grown for commercial sale in your local grocery store. So there is a whole wide world waiting to get explored at your local orchard or farmstand. Here are just 30 types of apples to get you started.
1. Ambrosia Apples
This mid-season variety requires plenty of sun and cool nights to develop its distinctive flavor. When you bite into one, you get rewarded with a sweet taste akin to honey. They are also lower in acidity, making it easy to eat plenty! Ambrosias are yellow and red and begin ripening in early September.
2. Baldwin Apples
What can’t you do with this popular older apple variety? Baldwin apples may not sound familiar, but this variety is making a comeback. They are sweet and slightly spicy, making them ideal for crisps. However, you can also eat them raw, add them to savory dishes, or use them for cider. This variety is in peak season during October and November.
3. Braeburn Apples
These delicious apples are native to New Zealand and store exceptionally well in colder areas. Braeburn apples look like gala apples on the outside but have a slightly firmer texture. Their flavor is sweet and tart. Growers love this apple since it has an extended season. You can expect to find them in produce sections starting in October and running through until April.
4. Cameo Apples
Most areas can expect Cameo apples in their store starting in late fall and lasting until spring. They are primarily yellow but do have some red splotches. Their dense flesh and citrusy flavor make for some exceptional eating.
5. Cortland Apples
The best way to eat this cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis is straight off the tree. Cortland is a hybrid with very crisp flesh that doesn’t last long after it gets harvested. So, enjoy their sweet and tart flavor quickly. They are in peak season through September and October.
6. Empire Apples
Empire apples are a cross between a Red Delicious and McIntosh. They have a tart and sweet flavor, firm flesh, and a dark red color. This variety is in peak season during September and October. However, they store well and could last until spring.
7. Envy Apples
Envy fans, rejoice! This bright red fruit variety is available year-round. That is because it grows well all over the world, so there is a regular supply that gets shipped to our stores. It has firmer flesh and is slightly sweet, making it perfect for fresh eating or baking.
8. Esopus Spitzenburg Apples
This variety has an unusual name and flavor. It grows prolifically at Monticello and stores very well. You may get floral hints when it first gets cut open, but that’s where the sweetness ends. Esopus Spitzenburg apples have a sharp, almost spicy flavor. They are great in a cobbler, made into cider, or included in dessert recipes.
9. Fuji Apples
Fujis are a common and popular apple, partly due to their milder flavor. They are bright red and come into the season during September and October. However, if you are a fan and have a cold storage room, they will keep it for a few months. Enjoy Fujis raw or as applesauce.
10. Gala Apples
Most people are used to seeing Gala in their grocery stores. That is because they grow across the world. They also keep well in cold storage, which extends their shelf-life. This apple variety is taller and skinnier than many others. They are light red and mild in flavor. Feel free to add them to any baked dish!
11. Golden Delicious Apples
Golden Delicious are in peak season during September and October, though they keep well in cold storage for several months. They are very soft and thin-skinned. Expect a sweet and tender flavor when you bite into these yellow apples.
12. Granny Smith Apples
Sometimes, your lips pucker just by thinking about the tartness of Granny Smith. However, their crisp skin and tart flavor are ideal for baking and savory dishes. They peak in September and October in the U.S. However, since they also grow in other regions, their availability gets extended through most of the year.
13. Gravenstein Apples
The Gravenstein variety is slightly hard to come by. However, keep your eyes peeled at local orchards between July and August, when they are in peak season. These tart apples are perfect for applesauce.
14. Hidden Rose Apples
Anyone who can get their hands on a Hidden Rose is in for a treat! They have unique blush-colored flesh and slight red-tinted yellow skin. These tart fruit are primarily available in October and November.
15. Holstein Apples
Another blush-colored apple is the Holstein. They have a lovely balance of sweet and tart when bitten into. While they aren’t common on grocery shelves, you may be able to find them at your local orchard or farm stand starting in September. They are typically available through the winter.
16. Honey Crisp Apples
Apple fans eagerly await Honey Crisp season every year, which happens from September through November. They are blush with some green tones. And they taste sweet, juicy, and tart. While they are in high demand, they also tend to cost a little more since their production is labor and time intensive. Honey Crisp apples are great for a range of culinary purposes.
17. Jazz Apples
Jazz apples are popular in part due to their dense flesh. They hold up well in storage and can survive the jostling in a lunch sack. This variety is sharp, sweet, and slightly acidic. They grow all over the world, so they are available in stores all year long.
18. Jonagold Apples
Jonagolds have lovely yellow skin with red patches. They are a cross between Jonathan and Golden Delicious. But they really highlight the tart flavor of a Jonathan apple. You can find this flavorful variety in stores starting in September and running through January.
19. Lady Alice Apples
These adorable fruits are smaller in size than many of their relatives. They also have a unique coloring, featuring red and yellow stripes. You can enjoy Lady Alice apple’s sweet and slightly tart flavor from October through May.
20. Liberty Apples
The Liberty variety is a lovely maroon color that tastes similar to a melon. They are only in season during September. But they store well for another five or six months. One of the most appealing aspects of Liberty apples is that they are resistant to a common apple disease.
21. Mutsu Apples
These slightly lopsided fruit look different than most varieties. But, if you can make it past the appearance, you will get rewarded with their sweet flavor (almost like honey) and a hint of tang. Mustu apples ripen in the fall. However, they store exceptionally well. So you can keep a stash around until spring!
22. Opal Apples
The Opal variety is a bit of an interesting variety. They have an orange tinge to the skin, which is how you can differentiate them from Golden Delicious. They are sweet and tangy to eat and don’t brown. However, not many get grown annually. So once they are gone, they are gone.
23. Pacific Rose Apples
The beautiful Pacific Rose variety is large and has pink skin. They are in peak season from November through April, so try to get your hands on some. These sweet and crisp fruits are outstanding for raw eating or adding to a range of culinary dishes.
24. Pazazz Apples
Stop by a local orchard or farm stand in October to snag a bunch of Pazazz, but don’t eat them yet! They actually don’t reach their peak flavor until around January or February. At that point, they are mostly sweet with the slightest hint of tartness. Their skin is yellow with a hint of red.
25. Pinata Apples
Pinatas are another one that gets harvested in a short window (October) but have an extended shelf life. These lovely apples last through most of the year when properly stored. They have a sweet and crisp flavor that is reminiscent of tropical fruit. And they tend to maintain their color.
26. Pink Lady Apples
Despite their name, Pink Lady apples are more red than pink. Their tart and sweet flavor is exceptionally popular among apple lovers. But it isn’t easy to be called a Pink Lady. There are set standards for sugar content, acidity levels, and firmness. If an apple doesn’t meet those criteria, it doesn’t get the coveted name. Pink Lady apples are in peak season from October until June.
27. Red Delicious Apples
The most common lunchbox companion is the Red Delicious. Its mild flavor and typically tender flesh make it easy for younger apple fans to eat. They are distinguished by their taller top and more narrow base. Red Delicious apples get harvested in September (weather dependent) and stored for the year.
28. Rubyfrost Apples
The Rubyfrost variety got developed by an apple breeding program. They are high in Vitamin C and very crispy. While this apple variety gets harvested in the fall, it doesn’t hit store shelves for a few months. The reason for that is they need some cold stratification to develop their distinctive sweet and tart flavor.
29. Winesap Apples
If you want the perfect cider, hunt down some Winesaps. These get harvested at their peak in October but store well for five or six months. They have a not-unpleasant tart flavor, making them a great baking companion.
30. York Apples
York apples are slightly lopsided, giving them a unique appearance. They get harvested from October through February but keep well for months afterward. This variety is high in Vitamin C and has a sweet, slightly sharp flavor.
Summary of 30 Different Types of Apples
|1. Ambrosia||September and October||Honey|
|2. Baldwin||October and November||Sweet and spicy|
|3. Braeburn||October through April||Sweet and tart|
|4. Cameo||Late fall into early spring||Citrusy|
|5. Cortland||September and October||Sweet and tart|
|6. Empire||September and October||Tart and sweet|
|7. Envy||Year-round||Slightly sweet|
|8. Esopus Spitzenburg||September and October||Sharp|
|9. Fuji||September and October||Mild|
|10. Gala||May through September||Mild|
|11. Golden Delicious||September and October||Sweet|
|12. Granny Smith||September and October||Tart|
|13. Gravenstein||Sweet like honey, with a bit of tang||Tart|
|14. Hidden Rose||October and November||Tart|
|15. Holstein||Fall through winter||Sweet and tart|
|16. Honey Crisp||September through November||Sweet and tart|
|17. Jazz||Year-round||Sharp and sweet|
|18. Jonagold||September through January||Tart|
|19. Lady Alice||October through May||Sweet and slightly tart|
|20. Liberty||September||Sweet like melon|
|21. Mutsu||Late fall into early winter||Sweet like honey, bit of tang|
|22. Opal||November through June||Sweet and tangy|
|23. Pacific Rose||November through April||Sweet|
|24. Pazazz||October||Mostly sweet|
|25. Pinata||October||Sweet like tropical fruit|
|26. Pink lady||October through June||Tart and sweet|
|27. Red Delicious||September||Mild|
|28. Rubyfrost||September and October||Sweet and tart|
|30. York||October through February||Sweet and tart|
The photo featured at the top of this post is © Foodio/Shutterstock.com
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