Discover the Only 2 Presidents Born in Vermont

Written by Patrick MacFarland
Published: February 25, 2024
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There have been 45 men serving as president of the United States. It is one of the hardest jobs in the world and it takes great courage to do it well. Some have been fantastic, and others have not been great. They’ve all come from various places around the United States. There have been five presidents from New York and only one president born in Nebraska. When it comes to Vermont, only two have been born in the state. 

Let’s explore the only two presidents born in Vermont and where they were born. We’ll also include some facts about both presidents and their presidencies.

Chester A. Arthur

Chester Arthur, 21st President of the United States, (1881 - 1885).

Chester Alan Arthur was known to love fashion and it was claimed that he owned over 80 pairs of pants.

©Everett Collection/Shutterstock.com

Chester Alan Arthur served as the 21st President of the United States from 1881 to 1885. He was born in Fairfield, VT, on October 5, 1829. He lived in Fairfield for a few years before the family moved again to another place in the Northeast. After several years, Arthur’s Family finally settled in Schenectady, NY.

Arthur started his career as a teacher, but later he decided to become a lawyer and was admitted to the New York Bar. He moved to New York City and started working as a lawyer there. He started getting involved in politics right after the Civil War. Arthur served as the Collector for the Port of New York for seven years before he decided to become Chairman of the New York Republican Party. Afterward, he became James Garfield’s running mate in the 1880 Election and subsequently was elected Vice President.

Arthur only served in that position for six months because President Garfield had been shot in July and died from the wounds and infection in September. He was sworn in on September 19, 1881, and served until 1885. Arthur died on November 18, 1886, in New York City, NY, aged 57.

Arthur Presidency

Chester A. Arthur US President Color Portrait

During the 1880 election, claims were circulating that Arthur was born in Ireland or Canada. Those were rumors because he was born in Vermont.

©RockingStock/iStock via Getty Images

Chester Arthur did several things during his presidency. Let’s take a look at some of the highlighting legislation that took place during his presidency.

  • Arthur signed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which created a ban for 10 years on Chinese immigrants.
  • Took the Immigration Act of 1882 to heart and created more restrictions on immigrants.
  • Reduced tariffs with the Tariff of 1883.
  • Signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883, which ensured all civil servants were appointed based on merit.

About Fairfield, VT

Fairfield, VT, is a town in Franklin County. It has a population of about 2,000 people and is located in northwestern Vermont near the Canadian border. The town’s forests are mainly used for maple syrup production, whereas its hills are used for farming.

Calvin Coolidge

President Calvin Coolidge at the same desk used by Harding in the Oval Office. Photo was published on Aug. 14, 1923, less than two weeks after the death of Warren Harding. Florence Harding was upset t

Calvin Coolidge is the only president who was born on Independence Day.

©Everett Collection/Shutterstock.com

John Calvin Coolidge served as the 30th President of the United States from 1923 to 1929. He was born on July 4, 1872, in Plymouth, VT. Coolidge lived in Vermont throughout his childhood, but when he decided to go to university, he enrolled at Amherst College in Massachusetts. he then moved to Northampton, MA, to become a lawyer.

Calvin Coolidge started his political career as the City Solicitor in Northampton before running for the Massachusetts State Legislature. He later became Mayor of Northampton and then was in the Massachusetts State Senate. Afterward, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts and then became Governor of the state in 1919. He served for two years and then was chosen as Warren G. Harding’s running mate for the 1920 Election. When he won, he was elected Vice President.

He became President when Warren G. Harding died of a heart attack unexpectedly in the summer of 1923. Coolidge decided to run for reelection in 1924 and served another 4 years in the White House. He retired in 1928 and went back to Massachusetts with his wife Grace. Calvin Coolidge died on January 5, 1933, and Northampton, MA, aged 60.

Coolidge Presidency

President Calvin Coolidge waves a hat presented to him by Smoki People of Prescott, Arizona. Ca. Sept-Oct. 1924

Because Calvin Coolidge became president after Warren G Harding died, his father who was a notary public swore him in when he found out at 2:30 a.m.

©Everett Collection/Shutterstock.com

Calvin Coolidge did several things during his presidency. Let’s take a look at some of the highlighting legislation that took place during his presidency.

  • Coolidge signed the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924. This gave us citizenship to all Native Americans.
  • He presided during a period of economic stability and growth, which has now been known as the Roaring Twenties.
  • Signed the Revenue Act of 1926, which cut taxes for the American people.

About Plymouth, VT

Plymouth, VT, is a town in Windsor County. It has a population of 641 people and that is where the Coolidge Homestead is. There is also a store that was run by President Coolidge’s father and inside of the store there was a post office. There is a cheese created by John Coolidge that still exists today, called Plymouth Cheese.

Conclusion

And there you have it, the only two presidents born in Vermont were Chester Alan Arthur and Calvin Coolidge. They served as the 21st and 30th Presidents respectively. Both men’s legacies are marked with great successes but also a few failures. Both men also consistently rank in the middle rung of historical rankings. Arthur and Coolidge did shape American history and politics for a generation, however.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © iStock.com/BonneChance


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About the Author

Patrick Macfarland is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering travel, geography, and history. Patrick has been writing for more than 10 years. In the past, he has been a teacher and a political candidate. He holds a Bachelor's Degree in Political Science from SDSU and a Master's Degree in European Union Studies from CIFE. From San Diego, California, Patrick loves to travel and try new recipes to cook.

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