Dogs With The Highest Bite Force

Dog Bite Force
© Mete-X, alberto clemares expósito from Getty Images, Elles Rijsdijk, and tamer from Getty Images Signature/ via

Written by Rebecca Bales

Updated: November 19, 2023

Share on:


The Kangal has the strongest bite among dogs.

It makes sense that natural selection would favor powerful jaws that can more easily disable even large prey, but human interest has also had a significant part to play in the powerful jaws of many modern dog breeds.

From guarding livestock to hunting animals to intimidating rivals, dogs with the capacity to cause some serious damage have been a priority throughout history. Today’s dogs are more likely to be companions than warriors, and strong jaws are not synonymous with mean temperaments.

Our list will focus on breeds of dogs with the strongest bite force in the world, but any one of them can make a loyal and loving companion with the right training and care.

A variety of methods have been used throughout history to measure bite strength, but modern math and engineering allow researchers a rather accurate and straightforward model: measuring the shape and size of the skull. And while there’s going to be some variance even between different members of a breed, the facts present a good understanding of how and why bite force varies between dog breeds.

The results are relatively straightforward: the larger the skull, the stronger the bite force. Jaw and skull shape also has some part to play, as dogs with shorter and wider snouts were able to apply more bite force. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the dogs with the strongest bite force who dominate our list are the mastiff breeds.

Mastiffs were originally bred for fighting and protecting livestock and property, and it’s theorized that they’re descended from the ferocious Molossus — a legendary war dog from Greece’s classical era.

But for the sake of variety — and to account for the fact that these measurements are subject to variance depending on individual characters — we’ve limited Mastiff breeds to the top half of the list so breeds from other families like the Bulldogs and Pitbull can get the spotlight as well.

Here are the key facts about the 10 dog breeds with the strongest bite force:

#10: German Shepherd

royal canin large breed puppy

German Shepherd Puppy Runs On The Grass

©Happy monkey/

Bite Force: 238-291 PSI

With a staggering bite force of almost 300 PSI, the German Shepherd breed is often used for law enforcement and military protection. They may have a powerful bite force, but they are generally good family pets as well due to their loyal and obedient demeanor.

German Shepherds were originally bred to work and are typically very intelligent. They tend to train quickly and on top of their loyalty to their owners, German Shepherds are athletic and fairly even-tempered. Considering all of these amazing characteristics, these pups make the ideal candidates for police work.

Another reason why police and the army prefer these canines to other breeds is due to their endurance, speed, and strength. Their courageous attitude and adaptability to almost any climate included with their keen sense of smell are what the military looks for in their uniformed companions.

#9: American Bulldog

The American bulldog has a stronger bite force than the English bulldog.

©Zanna Pesnina/

Bite Force: 305 PSI

The myth of a dog being able to lock its jaw shut persists in conversations about the rottweiler, but it’s also dogged the bulldog. Despite that, the short but muscular jaw of the bulldog does allow it to leverage as much force as possible. This bite force was a necessity for the job these dogs were bred to do — controlling potentially dangerous livestock for butchers.

Despite being much shorter than cattle, their muscular bodies and jaws allowed them to leap up and rip at the throat of any bulls that might become a threat.

They have also been bred in the past for baiting bears, bulls, and other animals for sport. The American bulldog’s larger size accounts for the fact that its bite strength is significantly stronger than the X PSI the English bulldog can muster.

#8: Rottweiler

Rottweilers are well-regarded as therapy dogs.

©Olexandr Andreiko/

Bite Force: 328 PSI

A rottweiler can keep growing beyond the age of three years old, but their incredible bite strength is especially influenced by their enormous heads. And while their bite strength is powerful, several dangerous myths have been perpetuated about the breed.

Rottweilers don’t have locking jaws and aren’t particularly prone to aggression. Nor are they difficult to train. This German breed got their start as crucial herd laborers who would bring cattle to market and pull carts for their caretakers.

These dogs are naturally as gentle as any other breed, and they’re a well-regarded breed for therapy dogs.

#7: Akita

Akitas are known for being family protectors.

©Kseniia Kolesnikova/

Bite Force: 350 to 400 PSI

The Japanese Akita doesn’t have the bad reputation that the tosa does, but it does share a powerful bite. Despite being much smaller and having a muzzle that covers less surface area, the Akita has developed a jaw that works like scissors. That allows them to get more leverage out of their bites, and it also gives them one of the strongest grips around.

In Japan, the Akita is known as a family protector, and it’s an accurate assessment. While they can be wary and territorial of strangers — or even dangerous and hostile without the right training — they show a cuddly and silly side to their closest family members.

#6: Wolfdog

Wolfdogs are often mistaken for a coyote.


Bite Force: 406 PSI

A wolf can apply 1,500 pounds per square inch with its powerful jaws, and that mostly comes down to some very basic facts. A wolf’s jaw has a surface area roughly 10 to 15% larger than a dog’s, and they possess larger and sharper teeth as well.

It only makes sense that the wolfdog — which is not a recognized breed in its own right but which is the result of a dog breeding with any of the four species of the wolf — would inherit some of that bite force. But wolfdogs have also inherited the aggression and strong predatory instincts of their lupine parents, so they’re only recommended for the most experienced of handlers.

#5: English Mastiff

The English Mastiff is an exceptional working dog.

©Kachalkina Veronika/

Bite Force: 552 PSI

Despite having a close lineage — and sharing parental duties with the younger bullmastiff breed — there are quite a few characteristics that separate the English mastiff from its French counterpart. For one, these dogs can reach a weight of 250 pounds and a height of a full three feet. For another, they tend to be more stoic and less expressive.

That doesn’t mean that these dogs aren’t loving and capable. They just require gentle care and devotion. The English mastiff is an exceptional working dog that has found significant usage in everything from farm labor to police operations to military expeditions.

#4: Tosa Inu

Romania and Australia have banned this breed because of its reputation.


Bite Force: 556 PSI

Though it’s sometimes called the Japanese mastiff, this breed of dog comes from a diverse lineage of breeds including Saint Bernards, Great Danes, and German Shepherds. It’s also often referred to as the Japanese fighting dog because it was bred for that purpose around the turn of the twentieth century. In today’s Japan, dogfighting is banned and the tosa is considered a national treasure.

Their reputation for aggression has led to this breed being restricted or outright banned in countries like Romania and Australia thanks to its reputation, and that’s contributed to it becoming a rare breed. Though loving and affectionate under the right care, it’s not a choice recommended for first-time dog owners.

#3: Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux descended from the Tibetan Mastiff.


Bite Force: 556 PSI

It’s theorized that the Dogue de Bordeaux may be descended from the Tibetan Mastiff, but this big and gentle giant can at least be traced back to 14th-century France.

Also known as the French Mastiff, these breeds have shorter and rounder snouts compared to their French and English contemporaries — and that factor could explain their slight edge in terms of bite force despite being a smaller breed all-around. French mastiffs are smart dogs.

That means they can sometimes be stubborn divas — but they’re quick to train and are eager workers who love to learn tricks and tasks. They’re also prodigious droolers, so be sure to carry a towel when they’re around.

#2: Cane Corso

Cane Corsos are known to be empathetic.


Bite Force: 700 PSI

The lineage of the Cane Corso begins as guard dogs in Ancient Greece, involves a brief stint as a warrior and gladiatorial dog during Rome’s rise to power, and nearly disappeared in the 1980s until a movement to save the breed brought them back from the brink of extinction.

Thousands of years of breeding have naturally changed these dogs, but they continue to have the bearing, demeanor, and physicality befitting veteran and stoic warriors.

Cane Corsos are known to be an especially empathetic breed and are effective at offering not just physical protection but emotional support as well.

#1: Kangal

Kangals make great companions and need a lot of activity to stay happy and healthy.


Bite Force: 743 PSI

Turkey‘s premier shepherd dog is protective of both its flock and its family — and with a height that can reach nearly three feet, the Kangal has the sheer power to guard both effectively. While these dogs are considered mastiffs, the breed dates back to the 12th century and places them far closer to this family’s wild ancestors.

Fortunately, their role as shepherds means that they’ve been bred throughout the generations to be gentle around all of their charges. These dogs can be great companions, though they need a good deal of activity to stay happy and healthy.

Dog Lifespan: Understanding the Life Span of Dogs

Bulldog sniffing a plate of donuts

On average, small dog breeds tend to live longer than large dog breeds. According to the American Kennel Club, the average lifespan of a small dog is around 12-16 years, while the average lifespan of a large dog is around 8-10 years.


Dogs are beloved companion animals that come in a variety of breeds, sizes, and personalities. One aspect of their biology that is of interest to many pet owners is their lifespan. Dogs can live for many years, with some breeds having a lifespan of over a decade, while others may only live for a few years.

The lifespan of a dog is dependent on many factors, including its breed, size, diet, and overall health. For example, smaller breeds tend to live longer than larger breeds, and dogs that receive proper veterinary care and a balanced diet tend to have longer lifespans.

In general, dogs that live in a healthy and stress-free environment have a longer lifespan. This includes access to daily exercise, a balanced diet, and regular veterinary care. Proper care and attention can help to extend a dog’s lifespan and keep them healthy and happy for many years to come.

It is also important to note that older dogs may develop age-related health problems, such as arthritis and cognitive decline. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet can help to reduce the risk of these health problems and ensure that dogs continue to live a happy and healthy life into their senior years.

To sum it up, the lifespan of dogs is a complex issue that is influenced by many factors. By understanding the life cycle of dogs, pet owners can make informed decisions about the care and attention their furry friends require and ensure their well-being for many years to come.

List of Dogs with the Highest Bite Force

Here is a summary of the list of dogs with the highest bite force:

RankDog BreedBite Force
10.German Shepherd238-291 PSI
9.American Bulldog305 PSI
8.Rottweiler328 PSI
7.Akita350 – 400 PSI
6.Wolfdog406 PSI
5.English Mastiff552 PSI
4.Tosa Inu556 PSI
3.Dogue de Bordeaux556 PSI
2.Cane Corso700 PSI
1.Kangal743 PSI

Bonus: Dogs with The Highest Bite Force

Labrador retriever, looking hungry, holding dog bowl in his mouth.

The labrador retriever has a PSI of about 230 which is impressive for an animal known for being friendly and lovable!

©Jaromir Chalabala/

Here are some bonus dog breeds with a high bite force:

Belgian Malinois (with a bite force of 195 PSI) is a robust and powerful breed, renowned for its impressive biting power. These dogs are frequently employed in protection and law enforcement roles due to their highest bite force.

In fact, the Doberman Pinscher is commonly believed to possess a bite force of 305 PSI. While breed matters a great deal, there are various factors that contribute to the force exerted by a dog’s bite.

Additionally, the Labrador Retriever, with a bite force of 230 PSI, is renowned for its friendly and gentle nature. Despite its impressive bite strength, it is better known for its loving and sociable temperament.

Furthermore, the Boerboel boasts an impressive bite force of 450 PSI, ranking them among the world’s most formidable dogs. This level of power exceeds that of a grey wolf and is comparable to that of a black piranha.

Ready to discover the top 10 cutest dog breeds in the entire world?

How about the fastest dogs, the largest dogs and those that are -- quite frankly -- just the kindest dogs on the planet? Each day, AZ Animals sends out lists just like this to our thousands of email subscribers. And the best part? It's FREE. Join today by entering your email below.

What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?


If you have kids or existing dogs select:

Other Dogs

Should they be Hypoallergenic?

How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!
All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?

Share this post on:
About the Author

Rebecca is an experienced Professional Freelancer with nearly a decade of expertise in writing SEO Content, Digital Illustrations, and Graphic Design. When not engrossed in her creative endeavors, Rebecca dedicates her time to cycling and filming her nature adventures. When not focused on her passion for creating and crafting optimized materials, she harbors a deep fascination and love for cats, jumping spiders, and pet rats.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.