The English Shepherd and Border Collie are both breeds of herding dogs. Border Collies and English Shepherds share common origins. They are among the best herding dogs that come from the British lineage. They were both brought to the New World by early settlers from Britain and Ireland.
Both breeds are highly intelligent, making them easier to train than many other breeds. They are eager and persistent in their training and won’t give up until they learn the task. Border Collies and English Shepherds are also highly active dogs that require a lot of exercise. So, how do we tell the two breeds apart with all these striking similarities? Let’s find out!
Comparing English Shepherd vs Border Collie
|Key Differences||English Shepherd||Border Collie|
Males – 45 to 60 pounds
Females – 40 to 50 pounds
Males – 19 to 23 inches
Females – 18 to 22 inches
Males – 30 to 45 pounds
Females – 27 to 42 pounds
Males – 18 to 22 inches
Females – 18 to 20 inches
|Appearance||Black, white, tan, brindle||Brown, red, black, white|
|Coat Type||Long, straight, or wavy coat||Two types of coat:|
|Maintenance and Grooming||Heavy shedding dogs, so you’ll need to brush them frequently||Moderate shedding dogs|
|Temperament||Intelligent, shy, and devoted||Intelligent and lively|
|Life span||14 years||12-15 years|
|Health Issue||A healthy breed but may develop Hip Dysplasia||Susceptible to a few common health problems, such as Collie Eye Anomaly, Epilepsy, and Hip Dysplasia|
7 Key Differences Between an English Shepherd and a Border Collie
The key differences between an English Shepherd and a Border Collie are their sizes, coat type, and temperament, among others. Although the two breeds have quite a lot in common, the English Shepherd has a long, straight, or wavy double coat, while the Border Collie has either a shorter or coaster smooth skin or a medium-length and rough feathered coat.
Let’s look at all the differences between English Shepherds and Border Collies in a more detailed manner to help you understand better.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Size
English Shepherds are heavier than Border Collies. A male English Shepherd weighs approximately 45 to 60 pounds (20 to 27 kg) and stands between 19 and 23 inches (48 and 58 cm). A female English Shepherd weighs about 40 to 50 pounds (18 to 23 kg) and is approximately 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm) in length.
Male Border Collies weigh between 30 and 45 pounds (14 and 20 kg) and are 18 to 22 inches (48 to 56 cm) long. Female Border Collies weigh approximately 27 to 42 pounds (12 to 19 kg) and stand between 18 to 20 inches (46 to 53 cm) in length.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Appearance
English Shepherds have four different color combinations. They come in either black & tan, black & white, tan & white, sable & white, or tricolor (black, white, and tan). On the contrary, Border Collies appear in just about any color and pattern, which includes red tricolor (red/tan/white), liver and white, black tricolor (black/tan/white), and other colors, such as lilac, blue, and red merle.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Coat Type
English Shepherds have a long, straight, or wavy double coat with feathering on their legs and tail. Unlike English Shepherds, Border Collies have two types of coat; the smooth skin, which appears shorter and coarser, and the rough coat, which is medium in length and feathered. Both coats are dense and weather-resistant.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Maintenance and Grooming
English Shepherds are heavy shedding dogs. As a result, pet parents are forced to brush their coats twice or three times a week to reduce the amount of shedding. However, English Shepherds do not require frequent bathing since their skins are dirt-proof and water-proof, which keeps them looking pretty.
Unlike English Shepherds, Border Collies are easier to maintain because they are moderate shedders. Nevertheless, Border Collies still require frequent brushing to remove dead hair and break up tangles.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Temperament
English Shepherd dogs are typically intelligent and devoted. Some English Shepherds are known to be shy and one-person dogs if they are not adequately trained and socialized from an early age. Socialization is paramount to ensure that an English Shepherd doesn’t become shy around strangers. Although English Shepherds can be territorial and very protective of their families, these dogs are not known to be aggressive.
Border Collies are intelligent and lively dogs. They bark a lot, stare, nip, or tend to be destructive when trying to let you know they are ready for a new task. Border Collies are not the breed to be cooped up; they need a larger space or a backyard to run around in. Border Collies thrive well when given plenty of time and exercise. Like English Shepherds, Border Collies are typically not aggressive.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Lifespan
The average lifespan of English Shepherds is approximately 14 years, but they can live more than fourteen years since they are a healthy breed. Border Collies have a natural lifespan of between 12 and 15 years, with an average lifespan of 12 years. Border Collies can also live up to 18 years, depending on various factors like health and proper nutrition.
English Shepherd vs Border Collie: Health Issue
English Shepherds are healthy, though they can be vulnerable to a few conditions like hip dysplasia, a partial or complete hip joint dislocation. Border Collies are also susceptible to common health issues such as osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) and hip dysplasia. Epilepsy, Collie eye anomaly, and patent ductus arteriosus are considered the primary genetic diseases of concern in Border Collies.
The photo featured at the top of this post is © BIGANDT.COM/Shutterstock.com
Ready to discover the top 10 cutest dog breeds in the entire world?
How about the fastest dogs, the largest dogs and those that are -- quite frankly -- just the kindest dogs on the planet? Each day, AZ Animals sends out lists just like this to our thousands of email subscribers. And the best part? It's FREE. Join today by entering your email below.
Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.