10 Native Plants in Texas

Written by Lev Baker
Published: December 13, 2022
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Texas is the 2nd biggest state in the USA, so it shouldn’t come as a surprise that the state has a huge variety of plants, from cacti to wildflowers to swamp ferns. Texas is home to many great native plants. These plants are well-adapted to the state’s climate and soil and provide significant benefits for wildlife and humans.

Native plants are an essential part of the state’s ecosystem, providing food and shelter for wildlife. They also help to prevent erosion and improve water quality. For humans, native plants can be used for landscaping, construction, medicine, and more.

Native plants are a valuable resource that many want to learn more about and seek to plant in their gardens. In this list, we will take some time to learn about the many different types of native plants in Texas and how you can benefit from them and grow them in your garden or home.

1. American Beautyberry (Callicarpa Americana)

The American beautyberry is a shrub native to the south-eastern United States and grows well in sub-tropical and tropical climates. It can impressively grow up to six feet tall and has beautiful dark green leaves.

In the fall, the branches of the American beautyberry bloom bright purple or white berries. The plant’s berries attract local birds, which is a plus if you’re into bird-watching!

The American beautyberry is a perfect plant for beginner gardeners or if you want something to grow even when left alone because it is a low-maintenance plant and does not require much water. The American beautyberry also provides good coverage for fences or other areas that you might want to cover up or improve the appearance of.

American beautyberry blooming bright purple berries

In the fall, the branches of the American beautyberry bloom bright purple or white berries which attract local birds.

©Amvi Jovas/Shutterstock.com

2. Esperanza (Tecoma stans)

The Esperanza plant, sometimes called yellow bells, is a beautiful plant that can bring much life into any home or garden. They are easy to care for and can tolerate a wide range of conditions, making them perfect for indoor and outdoor spaces and gardeners of all skill levels. Although a relatively hardy plant in most climates, when growing in the tropics, the Esperanza can grow to be over 20 feet tall!

One of the best things about Esperanza plants is that they have a long blooming season, starting in the late spring. So if you’re looking for extra beauty in your life, an Esperanza plant might be just what you need!

Esperanza, yellow bells (Tecoma stans)

Esperanza, yellow bells (

Tecoma stans

) produce clusters of beautiful trumpet-shaped yellow flowers.

©iStock.com/nongnuch vikrutha

3. Gregg’s Mistflower (Conoclinium gregii)

Gregg’s mistflower is another beautiful native plant in Texas. It has long, slender leaves and fluffy lavender-colored flowers that can bloom from March through November. Gregg’s mistflower is excellent for Texan gardens and landscaping because it is low-maintenance, heat-loving, and drought-tolerant.

It also attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, which makes it a great addition to any garden!

Gregg’s mistflower is a beautiful plant that is easy to care for and adds extra beauty to any garden or landscape.

Butterflies on a Gregg's mistflower (Conoclinium gregii)

Gregg’s mistflower (

Conoclinium gregii

) has nectar that attracts butterflies.

©iStock.com/MruthCotrofeld

4. Mealy Blue Sage (Salvia fainacea)

Mealy blue sage, also known as Mealy cup sage, is a beautiful plant that can add a lot of color and life to any space. Known for its long-lasting lavender-blue flowers borne on long spikes that bloom from early summer to early frost, this plant is easy to care for and doesn’t require much attention, which makes it an excellent choice for busy people or those who don’t have much experience when it comes to plants.

The flowers of the Mealy blue sage plant also make for beautiful cuttings to add to any indoor space or floral arrangement. If you’re looking for a plant that will brighten up your home or office, Mealy blue sage is worth considering.

Mealy Blue Sage (Salvia fainacea) has lavender-blue flowers

Mealy Blue Sage (

Salvia fainacea

) is known for its long-lasting lavender-blue flowers borne on long spikes.

©TuiPhotoEngineer/Shutterstock.com

5. Frog Fruit (Phlya nodiflora)

The frog fruit is a fantastic plant that grows well in tropical regions. The plant blooms tiny white and purple flowers blooming from spring to fall.

This incredible plant can be used as a substitute for turf in low-traffic areas and can be the larval host for many different butterfly species. Frog fruit is also a source of nectar for the hairstreak butterfly, so you can be sure to see many butterflies when you have frog Fruit in your garden!

Frog fruit is believed to have healing properties and has been used to treat everything from colds and flu to skin conditions like eczema. What an interesting plant!

Frog Fruit (Phlya nodiflora) with its tiny white and purple flowers

Frog Fruit (

Phlya nodiflora

) blooms tiny white and purple flowers.

©iStock.com/seven75

6. Fall Aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium)

Fall aster is a beautiful plant that can add some color to your garden in the fall months. Another easy-to-care-for plant that doesn’t require much maintenance, this plant blooms from September through to November and sports beautiful purple or pink flowers.

The fall aster plant can be used as a ground covering in dry and sunny areas and looks beautiful planted among other native grasses and flowers. If you are looking for a plant that will add beauty to your garden without requiring much work, the fall aster is a great option!

Fall Aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium) a native Texas flower

Fall Aster (

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium

) is a low-maintenance plant native to Texas that blooms beautiful purple or pink flowers.

©iStock.com/krosbonez

7. Possumhaw Holly (Ilex decidua)

The possumhaw holly is a native plant to North America and grows well in a humid environment. This plant is straightforward to care for – it doesn’t require much water or attention and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. The possumhaw holly is an excellent choice for wildlife gardens, providing food and shelter for birds and other animals.

The possumhaw holly has twiggy branches that can bloom white flowers in the months of April to May. When pollinated, the female flowers become red berries that stay throughout the winter months until new growth begins in March. The possumhaw holly is a beautiful addition to any garden and has many benefits.

Possumhaw Holly (Ilex decidua) with red berries

Possumhaw Holly (

Ilex decidua

) has twiggy branches that can bloom white flowers and when pollinated, the female flowers become red berries.

©Janemf1/Shutterstock.com

8. Flame Acanthus (Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii)

The flame acanthus, also known as the hummingbird bush, is a beautiful plant that can add color and life to any home or garden. It is native to the regions of Texas and northern Mexico and is a member of the genus Acanthus. The plant gets its name from its bright red flowers, which resemble flames.

The flame acanthus is relatively easy to care for. It prefers full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil. It is drought tolerant and does not need much water once established.

The plant can be propagated by seed or cuttings and will bloom from late spring to early summer.

Flame Acanthus (Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii), hummingbird bush

Flame Acanthus (

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii

), also known as the hummingbird bush, adds long-lasting color to gardens.

©Marianne Pfeil/Shutterstock.com

9. Inland Sea Oats (Chasmanthium latifolium)

The drooping seed heads of the inland sea oats are a beautiful sight in the fall as they transition from green to golden brown. Not only are they pretty to look at, but their seeds also provide winter food for birds.

If you’re looking for great ornamental grass for a shady area, inland sea oats are a great option – but be aware that they spread quickly, so if you’re looking for something to fill up space fast, this is the plant for you!

Inland Sea Oats (Chasmanthium latifolium)

Inland Sea Oats (

Chasmanthium latifolium

) is an ornamental grass that transitions from green to golden brown.

©iStock.com/nickkurzenko

10. The White Hair Agave (Agave Albopilosa)

This plant is native to Mexico and Texas and is characterized by its beautiful white hair-like leaves. It is a trendy plant that is often used in landscaping and gardens.

The white hair agave is a straightforward plant to care for and is very drought-tolerant.

It does best in full sun but can tolerate partial shade. It is a slow-growing plant, so it does not require much maintenance. The white hair agave is not difficult to grow and can thrive on a bit of neglect. If you’re a person who likes to place a plant by a sunny window and forget it, then this could be the one for you.
Just be aware that they sometimes have sharp thorns, so it’s best to keep them out of reach from small children or pets. Otherwise, the white hair agave can be the perfect plant to add life to any indoor or outdoor space without extra maintenance.

No matter what you are looking for in a plant, there is a native option that will suit any Texan home or garden perfectly!

White Hair Agave (Agave Albopilosa)

The White Hair Agave (

Agave Albopilosa

) is characterized by its beautiful white hair-like leaves.

©Michael Wolf, Penig, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons – License

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The photo featured at the top of this post is © khuruzero/Shutterstock.com


Sources

  1. Texas Smart Scape, Available here: http://www.txsmartscape.com/plant-search/
  2. Flower Mound, Available here: https://www.flower-mound.com/2104/Native-Plants#:~:text=Texas%20Native%20Plant%20Week&text=Native%20plants%20are%20drought%2Dtolerant,for%20native%20animals%20and%20insects.
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About the Author

Lev is a writer at AZ Animals who primarily covers topics on animals, geography, and plants. He has been writing for more than 4 years and loves researching topics and learning new things. His three biggest loves in the world are music, travel, and animals. He has his diving license and loves sea creatures. His favorite animal in the world is the manta ray.

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