Rottweiler vs. Doberman: What Are 8 Key Differences?

Written by Jennifer Gaeng
Published: March 19, 2022
© DragoNika/
Share this post on:

What is the difference between the Rottweiler and the Doberman Pinscher, aka Doberman? Both are purebred working dogs originating from Germany. However, one is larger than the other and they both have unique temperaments and health issues. This article aims to help distinguish these two breeds by comparing them in 8 key categories relating to appearance, personality, and health.

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: A Comparison 

Rottweiler vs Doberman
Both the Rottweiler and the Doberman are purebreds that originate from Germany. However, they are notably different, particularly in size and stature.


Key DifferencesRottweilerDoberman
Height22 – 27 inches24 – 28 inches
Weight85 to 130 lbs.71 to 99 lbs.
Coat typeShort, DenseShort, Fine
ColorsMahogany, Tan, Rust, BlackRust and Blue, Red, Tan, Brown, White Black
TemperamentIndependent, Courageous, ProtectiveEnergetic, Obedient
Social NeedsVery HighAverage
Life Expectancy8 – 11 years10 – 12 years
Health ProblemsBloat, Hip Dysplasia, HypothyroidismCardiomyopathy, Von Willebrand’s Disease
Rottweiler vs Doberman: A Comparison

Key Differences Between Rottweiler and Doberman

Doberman pinscher standing tall with ears straight up
Dobermans are a medium-sized dog that weighs an average of 85 pounds.


44,009 People Couldn't Ace This Quiz

Think You Can?

The main difference between Dobermans and Rottweilers is that Rottweilers are larger. While Dobermans can sometimes reach nearly 100 pounds, they’re a much leaner build.

So while both dogs can grow to be quite tall, the Rottweiler is considered a large to a giant dog, while the Doberman is a medium dog. Not only do these two breeds differ in appearance, but they also stand out in personality and health. Let’s explore more!


Most Expensive Dog Breeds: Rottweiler
Rottweilers are a large to giant dog that can weigh up to 130 pounds.

©Miroslav Cik/

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Height

The Rottweiler and the Doberman are both tall dogs, with the male Rottweiler averaging 25.5 inches in height and the Doberman male averaging 27 inches in height.

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Weight

Although the Doberman is taller on average, the Rottweiler is much heavier. For example, the Rottweiler weighs an average of 112 pounds as a fully grown male, whereas the Doberman male weighs an average of 93 pounds.

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Coat Type

Both the Rottweiler and the Doberman have short coats. However, the Rottweiler has a double coat that is dense in texture, whereas the Doberman has a fine coat, with a limited undercoat.

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Colors

When it comes to color variety, the Doberman reigns supreme. You can find the Doberman in many hues ranging from blue, red, tan, brown, white, and black. These hues are most often paired with rust-colored markings. The Rottweiler is almost always black, with tan to rust-colored markings.


Doberman Pinscher
Dobermans have an average life expectancy of 11 years.

©Pleple2000 / Creative Commons

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Temperament

The Rottweiler and the Doberman are both alert and fearless breeds that are loyal to their families. The Rottweiler is more independent and courageous, while the Doberman is more energetic and obedient. Both breeds are highly intelligent and easy to train. If you are looking for a lot of affection, the Doberman is your dog. However, if you are looking for a dog who likes a lot of social interaction, the Rottweiler could be a good fit.

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Social Needs

Rottweiler pup laying outside in grass
Rottweilers are an independent and protective breed that is easy to train.

© Jenkins

The Rottweiler is a highly social breed that required a lot of attention. Therefore, they tend to have a lot of separation anxiety if left alone. The Doberman’s social needs are average, and they do okay when left alone unless it’s for extended periods of time.

Health Factors

Rottweiler (Canis familiaris) - laying down against white background
Rottweilers have a shorter than average life expectancy of 9.5 years.


Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Life Expectancy

Rottweilers live an average of 8 to 11 years, while Dobermans live an average of 10 to 12 years. Unfortunately, Rottweilers are prone to many health issues, which can shorten their lives dramatically if not properly cared for.

Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Health Problems

Rottweilers are prone to a variety of health issues including:

  • Allergies
  • Aortic Stenosis
  • Bloat
  • Elbow and Hip Dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pan osteitis
  • Sub valvular Aortic Stenosis        

The Doberman is prone to certain health issues as well, which include:

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease
  • Wobbler’s Syndrome

Wrapping Up Rottweiler vs. Doberman

Doberman Pinscher on isolated background
Dobermans are highly adaptable, loyal, and intelligent.

©Dmytro Zinkevych/

Both breeds share some features, notably their vigilance, fearlessness, and tremendous loyalty. The Doberman is a more adaptable and home-friendly type, but the Rottweiler is a more social and trainable breed. Both breeds can make ideal family pets when given the right environment and guidance.

Ready to discover the top 10 cutest dog breeds in the entire world?

How about the fastest dogs, the largest dogs and those that are -- quite frankly -- just the kindest dogs on the planet? Each day, AZ Animals sends out lists just like this to our thousands of email subscribers. And the best part? It's FREE. Join today by entering your email below.

Up Next:

What's the right dog for you?

Dogs are our best friends but which breed is your perfect match?


If you have kids or existing dogs select:

Other Dogs

Should they be Hypoallergenic?

How important is health?
Which dog groups do you like?
How much exercise should your dog require?
What climate?
How much seperation anxiety?
How much yappiness/barking?

How much energy should they have?

The lower energy the better.
I want a cuddle buddy!
About average energy.
I want a dog that I have to chase after constantly!
All energy levels are great -- I just love dogs!
How much should they shed?
How trainable/obedient does the dog need to be?
How intelligent does the dog need to be?
How much chewing will allow?

More from A-Z Animals

The Featured Image

Doberman pinscher with erect ears laying in leaves
The Doberman Pinscher was first bred by a tax collector.
© DragoNika/

Share this post on:
About the Author

A substantial part of my life has been spent as a writer and artist, with great respect to observing nature with an analytical and metaphysical eye. Upon close investigation, the natural world exposes truths far beyond the obvious. For me, the source of all that we are is embodied in our planet; and the process of writing and creating art around this topic is an attempt to communicate its wonders.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.