What is the difference between the Rottweiler and the Doberman Pinscher, aka Doberman? Both are purebred working dogs originating from Germany. However, one is larger than the other and they both have unique temperaments and health issues. This article aims to help distinguish these two breeds by comparing them in 8 key categories relating to appearance, personality, and health.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: A Comparison
|Height||22 – 27 inches||24 – 28 inches|
|Weight||85 to 130 lbs.||71 to 99 lbs.|
|Coat type||Short, Dense||Short, Fine|
|Colors||Mahogany, Tan, Rust, Black||Rust and Blue, Red, Tan, Brown, White Black|
|Temperament||Independent, Courageous, Protective||Energetic, Obedient|
|Social Needs||Very High||Average|
|Life Expectancy||8 – 11 years||10 – 12 years|
|Health Problems||Bloat, Hip Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism||Cardiomyopathy, Von Willebrand’s Disease|
Key Differences Between Rottweiler and Doberman
The main difference between Dobermans and Rottweilers is that Rottweilers are larger. While Dobermans can sometimes reach nearly 100 pounds, they’re a much leaner build.
So while both dogs can grow to be quite tall, the Rottweiler is considered a large to a giant dog, while the Doberman is a medium dog. Not only do these two breeds differ in appearance, but they also stand out in personality and health. Let’s explore more!
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Height
The Rottweiler and the Doberman are both tall dogs, with the male Rottweiler averaging 25.5 inches in height and the Doberman male averaging 27 inches in height.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Weight
Although the Doberman is taller on average, the Rottweiler is much heavier. For example, the Rottweiler weighs an average of 112 pounds as a fully grown male, whereas the Doberman male weighs an average of 93 pounds.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Coat Type
Both the Rottweiler and the Doberman have short coats. However, the Rottweiler has a double coat that is dense in texture, whereas the Doberman has a fine coat, with a limited undercoat.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Colors
When it comes to color variety, the Doberman reigns supreme. You can find the Doberman in many hues ranging from blue, red, tan, brown, white, and black. These hues are most often paired with rust-colored markings. The Rottweiler is almost always black, with tan to rust-colored markings.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Temperament
The Rottweiler and the Doberman are both alert and fearless breeds that are loyal to their families. The Rottweiler is more independent and courageous, while the Doberman is more energetic and obedient. Both breeds are highly intelligent and easy to train. If you are looking for a lot of affection, the Doberman is your dog. However, if you are looking for a dog who likes a lot of social interaction, the Rottweiler could be a good fit.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Social Needs
The Rottweiler is a highly social breed that required a lot of attention. Therefore, they tend to have a lot of separation anxiety if left alone. The Doberman’s social needs are average, and they do okay when left alone unless it’s for extended periods of time.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Life Expectancy
Rottweilers live an average of 8 to 11 years, while Dobermans live an average of 10 to 12 years. Unfortunately, Rottweilers are prone to many health issues, which can shorten their lives dramatically if not properly cared for.
Rottweiler vs. Doberman: Health Problems
Rottweilers are prone to a variety of health issues including:
- Aortic Stenosis
- Elbow and Hip Dysplasia
- Pan osteitis
- Sub valvular Aortic Stenosis
The Doberman is prone to certain health issues as well, which include:
- Hip Dysplasia
- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
- Wobbler’s Syndrome
Wrapping Up Rottweiler vs. Doberman
Both breeds share some features, notably their vigilance, fearlessness, and tremendous loyalty. The Doberman is a more adaptable and home-friendly type, but the Rottweiler is a more social and trainable breed. Both breeds can make ideal family pets when given the right environment and guidance.
Ready to discover the top 10 cutest dog breeds in the entire world?
How about the fastest dogs, the largest dogs and those that are -- quite frankly -- just the kindest dogs on the planet? Each day, AZ Animals sends out lists just like this to our thousands of email subscribers. And the best part? It's FREE. Join today by entering your email below.
More from A-Z Animals
The Featured Image
Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.