Many countries of the world use the color green on their flags. It has different meanings depending on the culture. It is often used by countries like Ireland and Brazil which are noted for their green landscapes and agriculture. Green can also represent hope and a new beginning, as in the flag of Nigeria. Green is also a color long associated with Islam. Most countries with Islamic heritage, like Saudi Arabia or Algeria, have at least some green on their flags. We’ve collected in one place for you all the flags with green in them and given you a description of the symbolism and history of each. If green is your favorite color, you’re going to enjoy this!
The flag of Algeria consists of two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; A red, five-pointed star within a red crescent is centered over the two-color boundary. The white represents peace; the green, star, and crescent all are symbolic of Islam; and the red symbolizes the blood of those killed fighting for independence in the Algerian War.
The flag of Azerbaijan consists of a horizontal tricolor that features three equally sized bars of bright blue, red, and green; a white crescent; and a centered eight-pointed star. The bright blue represents the Turkic origin of the Azerbaijani people, the red color reflects the desire to establish a modern society and develop democracy, and the green color shows a connection to Islamic civilization.
The flag of Bangladesh is a solid field of deep green, evoking a country with fertile farmland and tropical forests. The only other symbol in the flag is a slightly off-center red disk said to represent the life-giving sun and the sacrifices of the country’s freedom fighters.
The flag of Belarus consists of two horizontal stripes: a red upper stripe and a green lower stripe, which are two-thirds and one-third of the flag’s width respectively, with a white-and-red ornament pattern placed at the hoist end. Red represents freedom and the sacrifice of the nation’s forefathers, while green represents life and the forests of Belarus.
Belize, a Central American country, has a flag of blue and red with a seal in the center. Red and blue are said to represent the unity of the people of Belize. Green in this flag is found in 50 olive leaves bordering the coat of arms, symbolizing the year 1950 when Belize began its independence effort from Great Britain. The mahogany tree in the background of the seal, representing the country’s economy, has green leaves and is planted in a field of green grass.
The flag of Benin consists of two horizontal stripes of yellow and red, representing the country’s natural resources and the courage of the country’s citizens, past and present. At the hoist, a broad vertical green stripe is a sign of hope for the new democracy. Green, yellow, and red are also Pan-African colors that are used by many countries on the continent to show their solidarity as Africans.
The flag of Bolivia consists of a tricolor rectangle, with the colors red (top), yellow (middle), and green (bottom) with the national coat of arms centered on the yellow band. The red stands for Bolivia’s brave soldiers, while the green symbolizes fertility, and the yellow, the nation’s mineral deposits.
The flag of Brazil consists of a blue disc depicting a starry sky, spanned by a curved band inscribed with the national motto “Ordem e Progresso” (“Order and Progress”), within a yellow rhombus, on a green field. The green color is a symbol of the flora and fauna of Brazil, the yellow represents gold, and the blue globe and stars symbolize the night sky filled with stars and constellations, which also stand for the country’s states.
The flag of Bulgaria is a tricolor consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red. The white of the flag is said to stand for peace, love, and freedom, while green emphasizes the agricultural wealth of Bulgaria. Red is for the independence struggle and military courage.
The flag of Burkina Faso consists of two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star resting in the center. The red represents the sacrifices of the revolution that accompanied the founding of Burkina Faso. The green represents the abundance of agricultural and natural riches; while the yellow star is symbolic of the guiding light of Burkina Faso’s revolutionary ideals.
The flag of Burundi consists of a white saltire (diagonal cross) that divides the field into alternating red and green areas. The center of the saltire merges into a white disk, on which there are three red solid six-pointed stars outlined in green. The white color of the saltire and central disk symbolized peace. The remaining areas are red, for the independence struggle and the suffering of the nation, and green, for hopes placed on future development.
The flag of Cameroon has wide bands of green, red, and yellow, with a yellow “star of unity” in the middle of the red band. Red represents unity; yellow stands for the sun and the northern savannas, and green stands for the southern forests.
Central African Republic
The flag of the Central African Republic consists of four horizontal stripes of blue, white, green, and yellow that are bisected by a vertical stripe of red. A golden star is displayed in the top left corner of the flag. Blue stands for liberty, grandeur, and the sky; white is for purity, equality, and honesty; green represents forests; yellow is for the CAR’s savannas; and red is for the common blood of all humankind.
The flag of Comoros consists of a white crescent with four white five-pointed stars inside a green triangle. The flag has four stripes and four stars, each representing the four main islands of the nation. The color green on the flag symbolizes the citizens’ main religion: Islam.
Republic of the Congo
The flag of the Republic of the Congo is divided into diagonal bands of green, yellow, and red. Yellow represents the character of its citizens; green stands for its agriculture and forests; and red for the blood of those of its people who sacrificed their lives for freedom.
Costa Rica‘s flag, like the flags of a lot of other Latin American countries, uses a red, white, and blue color scheme. The earlier revolutions in the United States and France inspired some of the revolutionary leaders of the Americas, so much so that they used a similar color scheme and design elements in their own countries’ flags. Costa Rica’s flag also honors its unique geography. Three green mountains and the ocean are depicted in the national seal. These represent the main geographic regions of the country and its close connection to both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans due to its position in the narrow isthmus of Central America. Green was chosen because it accurately reflects the tropical landscape of Costa Rica.
The flag of Cote d’Ivoire consists of a vertical tricolor of orange, white, and green. Orange represents the savannas in the north of the country and the fertility of the land. White symbolizes peace. Green symbolizes hope for the future.
Centered in the flag of Cyprus is a copper-colored map of the island on a white field. The island has been divided for decades into rival Greek and Turkish regions, so reunification is an important long-term priority for Cypriots. The flag strongly communicates a desire for peace with its white field and two green olive branches. Olive branches are a well-known international symbol of peace.
The flag of Djibouti consists of two equal horizontal bands of blue and green with a white triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center. The colors used symbolize the earth (green), the sea and sky (blue), and peace (white), with the red star representing unity.
The flag of Dominica is a green field with a cross of three bands in yellow, black, and white. The green field represents the greenery of the island. The cross represents the Christian faith, with its three colors symbolizing the nationals, the fertile soil, and pure water. The ten green five-pointed stars stand for the country’s ten parishes, while the red disc stands for justice. The purple and green sisserou parrot is the national bird, an endangered species.
The Dominican Republic is mainly a Roman Catholic country. A lot of the symbolism of its flag honors their religious faith. For example, the colors on the flag carry the following symbolic meanings:
- Red: the country’s martyrs
- Blue: liberty
- White: salvation
The national seal in the flag’s center includes more religious symbolism. These are a green palm frond, representing peace, and a green laurel branch, representing praise and honor.
The flag of Ecuador has very little green in it. You have to look a little closer and you’ll notice a green palm branch and laurel branch around the national seal. There is also a depiction of the Ecuadorian landscape, with green grass. The main colors of the flag have the following meanings:
- yellow: mineral wealth
- blue: sky and ocean
- red: the blood of national heroes
The green stripe in the flag of Equatorial Guinea is a reminder of this African country’s natural resources, farmland, and forests. The blue triangle symbolizes the sea, and white is a universal color of peace. In the center of the flag is s seal bearing the motto: “unity, peace, justice.” The red stripe honors the sacrifices made for the country’s freedom.
The blue and white striped flag of El Salvador was loosely inspired in its design by the flag of the United States. The colors represent the ocean and sky, and peace. In the center of the flag is the seal of El Salvador depicting green mountains by the sea and surrounded by a green wreath.
The flag of Eritrea consists of a red triangle on the hoist-side and dividing the rest of the flag into two triangles in green and blue. The flag colors are green for agriculture, blue for the sea, and red for blood sacrificed for independence. The 30 leaves in the wreath on the flag stand for 30 years spent in the fight for freedom.
The flag of Ethiopia consists of a green, yellow, and red tricolor with the national emblem, and a golden pentagram on a blue disc in the center. Green represents the abundance of the land. Yellow represents hope. Red represents the sacrifice of Ethiopia’s defenders. The pentagram design is a mystical figure known as the Seal of Solomon. Solomon was the ancient king of Israel who Ethiopians believe had strong connections to their country through the Queen of Sheba.
Fiji‘s flag is mostly light blue. This color reminds viewers of the sea and the sky, which are such big parts of life on Fiji’s tropical Pacific islands. In the top left is a small British flag, called the Union Jack. In many former colonies, people desire to make a break with their past, but other people still take pride in their heritage and ongoing association with the British Commonwealth. The shield on the flag of Fiji celebrates some of the main crops of the islands, and that is where you’ll notice little touches of green in the flag.
The flag of Gabon is attractively simple. It is just made of three solid-colored stripes. The meanings of these are geographical, not political: green for the forests; gold for the equator; and blue for the sea.
The flag of Gambia is red, blue, and green, with each cover divided by a thin white line. The colors are associated with the natural landscape: red for the sun and the savanna; blue for the Gambia River – the defining geographical feature of the country; and green for vegetation, both wild and cultivated. The thin white stripes represent unity and peace.
The flag of Ghana uses Pan-African colors: red, yellow, and green in horizontal stripes with a five-pointed black star in the center. Red is for those who gave their lives for freedom. Yellow highlights the mineral wealth of the country. Green embodies its forests. The black star represents African freedom.
The flag of Grenada uses the color yellow to exemplify the sun, red as a symbol of harmony, unity, and courage, and green for the country’s agriculture, a main segment of its economy.
The flag of Guatemala graphically illustrates its geographic position between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, which are represented as two blue bands on the flag. The middle white band stands for peace and purity. You’ll notice the color green in the seal in the center of the flag. It’s in the laurel leaves. A crown of laurel leaves was used to as a special honor in the ancient Greco-Roman culture – for example, to crown winners of the Olympic games. Green in this flag is also the main color of the feathers of a quetzal. The quetzal was an important bird to the ancestral people of Guatemala. Today it is the country’s national bird and an emblem of freedom.
In the West African country of Guinea, green represents the lush vegetation of the country. Red, yellow, and green are considered Pan-African colors, so their usage also represents a sense of African identity.
The flag of Guyana, a South American country on the northern coast of the content, includes green to represent its agriculture and forests. Guyana is a former British colony that has significant territorial disputes with neighboring Venezuela over much of its wilderness land.
Haiti has a flag of mainly red, white, and blue much like its former colonial ruler, France. The Haitian revolution was inspired by the earlier American and French revolutions. Green appears in this flag in the coat of arms of Haiti, which shows weapons on a green hill with a royal palm tree in the center. Symbolically, the green palm stands for Haitian independence, honored and well-defended.
The flag of Hungary is a simple and elegant tricolor of red, white, and green. Hungary sits in east-central Europe near a number Slavic countries like Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Hungarians, however, are not considered a Slavic people group. So whereas Slavic flags often use the colors red, white, and blue, Hungary breaks from that pattern by substituting green for blue. This color represents the country’s tree-covered mountains.
India is the world’s most populous democratic nation and soon will surpass China as the most populous country in the world. Its flag includes the color green to honor the fact that the country has been blessed with fertile farmland to support its people and help them build their future.
Iran, known in ancient times a Persia, has chosen to use popular Islamic colors and iconography in its flag. Green, white, and red can be considered Pan-Islamic colors. In Iran’s flag, as in many other flags of the Middle East and Africa, green is a color associated with Islam.
The flag of Iraq uses three colors that have long been associated with the Arab liberation movement: red, white, and black. The color green is used in the stylized Arabic script in the center of the flag: علم العراق which means “God is the greatest.” Green is the chosen color here because it is popularly associated with the Islamic faith.
Many people associate the color green with Ireland. In some parts of the United States on St. Patrick’s day, it’s popular to wear something of the color green that day or get playfully rebuked by your friends for lacking Irish spirit. Ireland is famous for its verdant landscape in every imaginable shade of green. Less well known, however, is that green is also a color associated with Irish Catholicism. This is actually the intended symbolism of the green band in the Irish flag.
Green, white, and red are colors often associated with Italy. No one entirely knows the reasons these colors have become associated with the country, but today the most widely accepted interpretation is that green stands for Italy’s landscape of hills and plains; white is a reference to the snowy Italian mountain peaks; and red honors the blood of Italian heroes who gave their lives for their country’s freedom.
Jamaica is a large Caribbean island that was once a part of the British empire. Its flag design includes a yellow saltire – a diagonal cross – that is a similar design to the British Union Jack flag. In the Jamaican flag, green has two important meanings: 1. the country’s agricultural resources; 2. a sense of hope for the future.
The flag of Jordan includes popular colors in the Arabic world that represent different historic ruling dynasties of Islamic civilization. A deep, vibrant shade of green in particular is a popular Islamic color.
The flag of Kenya uses the following colors with symbolic meanings:
- black: the African people
- red: blood spilled in the fight for freedom
- green: the landscape and natural resources
- white: peace, honesty, purity, innocence
The flag of Kuwait uses colors that are popular with other Arab countries as well. Their meaning has been described this way in a poem by Safie Al-Deen Al-Hali: “White are our deeds. Black are our battles. Green are our lands.”
The flag of Lebanon features a green cedar tree in the center. Cedars of Lebanon were mentioned in the Bible as a source of lumber for Israel’s building projects such as the Jewish temple and palace complex. In the Bible, cedars are used as a symbol of strength and wealth. Lebanon’s population includes both Muslims and large Christian minorities, so this symbol is one that refers to a resource of the country itself, not any one particular religious or political group. (And, randomly, if you’re a gardener, you might want to know that the Cedar of Lebanon will grow in gardening zones 5b-9 and its species name is Cedrus libani.)
The flag of Lesotho, a southern African country, includes the color green to represent its verdant natural landscape.
The flag of Libya, a predominantly Islamic country in North Africa, uses green because it was historically used to represent the Tripolitania region of the country and because it is a traditional Islamic color that was used in the banners of the Fatimid Caliphate.
Lithuania is a Baltic nation with historical significance since medieval times in Northeastern Europe. Long dominated by neighboring Russia, today it enjoys full independence and integration into the European defense and economic systems. In its flag, green represents the forests of the nation and its hope for the future.
Madagascar is a large island nation off the southeast coast of Africa. It has some of the most interesting and unique plants and animals found anywhere on Earth, so much so that some of its landscapes look like they came from another world. Green in Madagascar’s flag represents its well-watered coastal regions and symbolizes the country’s sense of hope.
The flag of Malawi, a southern African nation, uses the color green to reflect its natural environment. Malawi is a small country but has some of Africa’s most iconic wildlife. For example, while lions have been driven to extinction in 26 African countries, they survive and thrive in Malawi.
The Republic of Maldives is a nation made up of an archipelago of islands in the Indian Ocean south of India. It’s a stunningly beautiful place that is a tourist’s dream come true. Unfortunately, the entire country has such a low elevation, it’s all in danger of being flooded by rising sea levels. The flag of Maldives uses a field of green to represent wealth and peace. This color, along with the crescent moon symbol, also alludes to the country’s Islamic influences.
The flag of Mali uses three colors: green, gold, and red. Green represents fertile land; gold represents purity and mineral wealth; and red represents the blood of the citizens who gave their lives for the country’s independence.
The flag of Mauritania uses the color green and a crescent moon and star to represent Islam. The color gold is used in the emblems to represent the Sahara desert, and red stripes were added to the flag in 1997 to honor the sacrifices of the people for their country.
In the flag of Mexico, the largest country of Central America, the color green stands for hope and victory.
The flag of Morocco includes a green pentacle. Green is symbolic of Islam because the Qur’an associates this color with paradise. The pentagram design is called The Seal of Solomon. It is a shape that was considered to have mystical meanings in medieval Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.
In the flag of the Southeast African country Mozambique, a teal green stripe represents the country’s beautiful green land.
The flag of Myanmar has a green stripe that carries a lot of meaning: fertility, fairness, and peacefulness, among others.
In the flag of Namibia, green stands for the country’s vegetation and agriculture. This is especially important in a country mostly covered by the Kalahari desert.
The flag of Niger has a green band at the bottom that represents the people’s sense of hope.
In the national flag of Nigeria, the country’s wealth and rich natural resources are honored with the color green.
Oman is an Islamic country located on the Arabian Peninsula at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. The green band on its flag honors both its Islamic cultural heritage and the fertility of the land, so valuable in a region of vast deserts.
Pakistan, like other Muslim-majority nations, uses green and the symbol of a crescent and star to honor the Islamic faith. The white band on the hoist side of the flag honors the country’s citizens of religious minority groups.
Paraguay‘s flag does not have a great deal of green in it, but the color is found in the national seal in the center of the flag. It is used to represent the agricultural wealth of the country as well as its mountains and forests.
Peru‘s flag uses green in three symbols: a palm branch to the left, a laurel branch to the right, and an oak crown above. They represent victory and glory. This symbol is also found on currency and stamps.
Rwanda, a small East African nation, uses a green band on its flag to symbolize the country’s hope of prosperity.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Green is an important accent color in the flag of San Marino, in three green mountains associated with the country and with green oak and laurel wreaths on either side. These symbols are historic parts of the coat of arms of the country.
São Tomé and Príncipe
The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe, a Central African island country, includes two bands of green for the dense tropical vegetation of the two islands that make up the nation.
Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Muhammad and the Islamic faith. It uses the color green to honor its historical association with Islam.
Senegal in West Africa uses Pan-African colors on its flag. The green in this case is a symbol of hope and of the country’s main religions.
The flag of Seychelles uses green in a representation of the land and the country’s natural environment.
The Solomon Islands flag features a green triangular field that symbolizes the jungles and farms of this tropical island chain.
South Africa‘s flag includes multiple colors that are derived from both its African and European cultural and ethnic heritage. Green in this flag represents the fertility of the rich lands of South Africa.
In the flag of South Sudan, black represents the people of South Sudan. Red represents blood that was shed for the independence of the country. Green represents the country’s agricultural, natural wealth, land, as well as progress. White represents South Sudan’s peace attained after many years of the liberation struggle.
Sri Lanka is an island country off the south coast of India. Its flag honors its different religious groups, with the green stripe representing its Muslim population.
Sudan, an East African country located on the Red Sea, is an Islamic-majority country and uses Pan-Arab colors in its flag. Green represents both the Islamic faith as well as Sudanese agriculture, which is sustained by the Nile river running the length of the country.
Suriname, a South American country, has green stripes on its flag to represent the fertility of the country’s land.
Syria is an Arab country that uses Pan-Arab colors in its flag. These historically represented different ruling dynasties of Islamic empires. Green is also a color the Qur’an associates with the blessings of paradise. The two stars in the Syrian flag represent Syria and Egypt, separate countries that were once united under one government.
Tajikistan, a predominantly Islamic country in Central Asia, honors its citizens’ religious faith with a green band of color.
Tanzania‘s flag has a green field that represents the abundant agricultural resources of this major East African country.
Togo uses dark green stripes to represent the country’s agriculture and its hope for the future.
Turkmenistan is said to have one of the most intricate and complex flag designs in the world, as seen in the band of traditional carpet designs in red on the left side. The predominant color, green, and the crescent moon and stars, all represent the country’s predominant Islamic religion.
United Arab Emirates
The flag of United Arab Emirates includes the traditional Pan-Arabic colors. In the UAE’s flag they represent:
- Red: energy and the citizens’ sacrifices
- Green: growth and prosperity
- White: peace and purity
- Black: dignity
Uzbekistan‘s flag has stripes of azure blue, white, and green, separated by thin red lines. Blue stands for clear skies and water as well as being a traditional color representing Turkic people groups such as the Uzbeks. White is considered representative of peace and good luck. The red stripes symbolize the power of life. And the last stripe, green, symbolizes nature, new life, and an abundant harvest. The white moon and stars are Islamic cultural representations.
Vanuatu‘s flag has a green stripe at the bottom representing the richness of the country. The black triangle and central stripe represent the country’s people. Superimposed on it is a yellow Y-shape that roughly reflects the shape of the archipelago in the ocean. The red field at the top of the flag stands for blood, which unites all the people of the world. The curled yellow horn-like design is the tusk of a pig, an important cultural symbol for an animal that is a food staple in the islands. In the center of the tusk are crossed namele leaves, historically an important symbol of chiefs in the archipelago.
Zambia flies a flag that is mainly green for its natural resources. The meaning of the other symbols on the flag are:
- Orange: mineral resources
- Black: The African people
- Red: the freedom struggle
- Eagle: Zambia’s freedom and ability to transcend problems.
Zimbabwe‘s flag includes yellow stripes for its mineral wealth, red for the blood of independence heroes, black for the ethnic majority of the country, and green for vegetation and farmland. The star and bird symbols look to its revolutionary struggles and its ancient historical past.
Curious about more flags? Click here to learn about every single flag in the world! – Every Flag in the World: Photos, History, and More
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