The Different Flags That Use Crescent Shapes

Written by Colby Maxwell
Published: December 19, 2022
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National flags are a representation of a country’s connection to its past and its rich cultural heritage. Using special symbols on flags is a way to identify and inform viewers of certain elements that the creators of the flag deemed important. Often, symbols mean specific things and are used across dozens of national flags worldwide. Today, we will look at one of the most prolific symbols on many today — the crescent. Let’s explore what the crescent symbol means and look at a few flags that use it today.

The Meaning of the Crescent on a Flag

The crescent symbol is a widely-recognized symbol that appears on the flags of many countries and states. It’s a curved shape that resembles the waxing or waning moon and is often used as a symbol of the Islamic faith. The crescent is also associated with the Ottoman Empire, which adopted the symbol as its official emblem in the 18th century.

The crescent symbol has a rich history and cultural significance. In the Islamic faith, it is said to symbolize the beginning of the lunar calendar and the first day of the month of Ramadan. In the Ottoman Empire, the crescent symbol was associated with power and strength and was often displayed on flags and banners to signify the empire’s dominance and military prowess.

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Today, the crescent symbol is widely used on flags and other national symbols. In many Islamic countries, the crescent is a prominent feature on the national flag, representing the country’s Islamic heritage and culture. In other countries, the crescent is a less prominent symbol but still serves as an important part of the national flag and other national symbols. Today, the crescent is often included with a star, creating a symbol known as the “star and crescent.”

In addition to its religious and cultural significance, the crescent symbol also has an aesthetic purpose on flags. Because it is a curved shape, the crescent allows a flag to be more easily recognized and distinguished from other flags. The crescent is also a visually appealing symbol, adding a touch of elegance and beauty to the flag’s design.

Examples of Flags With the Crescent or Star and Crescent Symbol


Turkey flag

The Turkish flag features a white crescent and a white star on a red background.


The Turkish flag features a white crescent and a white star on a red background. The crescent and star are both important symbols in Turkish culture and history. The symbol represents the country’s predominantly Muslim population. Additionally, the star, which is said to represent the guiding light of the Turkish people, is also a symbol of the Ottoman Empire, of which Turkey was once a part. Together, the crescent and star on the Turkish flag represent the country’s rich cultural and religious heritage and its association with the Ottoman Empire.


Algerian flag

The flag of Algeria represents Islam and purity and the blood shed by its people.

©Royal Graphics/

The Algerian flag features a red and green bicolor with a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent. The colors of the flag represent different aspects of Algerian history and culture. The red represents the blood shed during the fight for independence from France, the white represents peace and purity, and the green represents Islam and the country’s natural landscape. The star and crescent, both symbols of the Islamic faith, represent the country’s majority Muslim population. Together, the colors and symbols of the Algerian flag reflect the history and religious importance.


Flag of Brunei silk

The flag of Brunei features the centered red crest of Brunei on a yellow field cut by black and white diagonal stripes.


The flag of Brunei features the centered red crest of Brunei on a yellow field cut by black and white diagonal stripes. The yellow color of the symbols is said to represent the sultanate’s royal family, while the black background symbolizes the country’s strength and power. The crest features a red crescent, the symbol of Islam, as well as two hands to represent the government’s duty to protect the nation’s people.


Singapore flag waving in the wind against background of peoples park old building

The flag of Singapore features a white crescent and five white stars on a red and white background.


Singapore’s relationship with the crescent and stars is slightly different from the others, but it is still connected religiously to Islam. The flag of Singapore features a white crescent and five white stars on a red and white background. The crescent and stars symbolize the Islamic faith, representing Singapore’s majority Muslim population. The white color represents purity and innocence, while the red background symbolizes the country’s “universal fellowship and equality.” Together, the crescent and stars on the Singapore flag represent the country’s cultural and religious heritage and national identity. The crescent and stars also symbolize Singapore’s status as a “young nation on the ascendant,” rising to prominence in the global community.


There are around 21 countries that utilize Islamic imagery in their national flags, with most of that imagery being a crescent or crescent and star. The cultural heritage and meaning of the crescent is an important element in the Islamic faith, and its use is a designation of value and religious affiliation.

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The photo featured at the top of this post is © tatohra/

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About the Author

Colby is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering outdoors, unique animal stories, and science news. Colby has been writing about science news and animals for five years and holds a bachelor's degree from SEU. A resident of NYC, you can find him camping, exploring, and telling everyone about what birds he saw at his local birdfeeder.

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