Top 10 Tallest Horses in The World in 2024

Tallest Horses
© iStock.com/Matthew Troke

Written by Heather Hall

Updated: October 16, 2023

Share on:

Advertisement


Listen to Article

What are the tallest horses in the world? This question has been important for thousands of years. Big horses have had key roles in the history of humans, from pulling chariots and providing brute strength for large building construction to powering machinery and acting as icons for big consumer brands. Let’s explore some of the world’s biggest horses and how the tallest breeds have contributed to our society.

First, it is important to know that horse height is not typically described in inches or feet. Instead, horses are traditionally measured in hands. For this measurement, an average-sized man’s hand of four inches wide is used to calculate the horse height from the ground to the animal’s shoulder. To achieve this measurement in hands, one can also measure a horse in inches and divide the number of inches by four.

The Shire horse breed is the tallest in the world!

The Tallest Horse in the World Until 2021 – “Big Jake”

Until his death at the age of 20 years in June 2021, Big Jake of Poynette, Wisconsin was the world’s tallest horse as proclaimed by the Guinness Book of World Records. In hands, he measured 20 and 2-3/4″ tall, equivalent to 6 feet 10 inches. Big Jake, a red Belgian, weighed over 2500 pounds. Now, Guinness World Records is on the hunt for the new “world’s tallest living horse” titleholder.

#10 Jutland

Tallest horses - Jutland
Jutland horses eating green grass on a field on a cloudy day. These gentle but energetic giants are one of the tallest horses.

©Mads Hjorth Jakobsen/Shutterstock.com

Jutland horses are named after the region they originated from in Denmark. These gentle but energetic giants are one of the biggest horses in the world at a typical height of 15 to 16.1 hands and weight of up to 1,760 pounds. Although these tall horses can be bay, black, roan or gray in color, the most common coloration is chestnut. Jutland horses are often used in film and television productions, making them one of the most visible of the tallest breeds.

#9 American Cream Draft

Tallest Horses - American Cream Draft
A Cream Draft horse grazing in the field. This draft horse is not only one of the tallest horses but also one of the prettiest.

©Nancy Kennedy/Shutterstock.com

Like all other draft horses, the 16.3 hands American Cream Draft was bred to pull heavyweight like loaded carts and machinery. This made the U.S.-originating American Cream Draft vital to the New World’s economy before the Industrial Revolution. But they are still visible in rural regions as farmworkers, riding horses, and companions. This draft horse is not only one of the biggest horses, but also one of the prettiest breeds. They feature amber eyes, cream coats, white manes, and white tails.

#8 Boulonnais

Tallest Horses - Boulonnais

One of the tallest horses, the Boulonnais horse, was believed to have been used by Julius Caesar.

©Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH/Shutterstock.com

The Boulonnais horse measures 15.1 to 16.3 hands tall, making it the 9th tallest breed. Originating from France, the Boulonnais dates back to at least 49 BC. It is believed that Julius Caesar used these elegant horses, also called the “White Marble” horses, in his cavalry. According to historical documents, Caesar’s army left some of this breed in England after the Roman invasion.

Boulonnais can range from their typical gray color to black and chestnut. They have thick necks, short heads, wide foreheads, and small ears. Although they are one of the world’s biggest horses, Boulonnais’ are sociable, energetic, and easy to lead. They make great companion horses.

#7 Dutch Draft

Tallest Horses - Dutch Draft
Traditional braided Dutch draft horse at the beach in the Netherlands. This tall horse is also one of the rarest.

©navatu/Shutterstock.com

The Dutch Draft horse measures up to 17 hands tall on average. It is one of the rarest but largest horses in the world, originating in ancient times from cross-breeding of Belgian Drafts and Ardennes. These workhorses have always performed well on the farm, pulling very heavy loads and fulfilling other equine needs. They have great endurance, strength, intelligence, and calm nature. But among their workhorse peers, Dutch Drafts are slow walkers.

Known for their beautifully feathered hooves, Dutch Drafts feature short legs, wide necks, well-defined musculature, and a straight head. Their common colors are chestnut, gray, and bay.

#6 Australian Draught

Tallest Horses - Australian Draught
The Australian Draught horse is the tallest horse in Australia.

©Darryl j Smith/Shutterstock.com

The Australian Draught horse is a cross-breed of the Suffolk Punch, Percheron, Shire, and Clydesdale. At up to 17.2 hands tall and almost 2,000 pounds, Australian Draughts are massive. This size and their strength make them ideal for pulling heavy loads, for which draft horses are bred. But today, they are seen more often in show rings, on riding trails and performing farm work.

The Australian Draught has many possible coat colors. The most common are white, black, brown, or roan. They have a strong appearance with well-defined muscles, clear eyes, wide chests, wide backquarters, and light legs.

#5 Suffolk Punch

Tallest Horses - Suffolk Punch
Suffolk Punch stallion trotting in an English landscape. These tall horses are one of England’s oldest native breeds.

©Nicole Ciscato/Shutterstock.com

The Suffolk Punch originated in Suffolk, England sometime after the turn of the 16th century. Because of their impressive size at up to 18 hands tall, muscular legs, and dense bones, these horses were a natural fit for the hardworking farms of their era. But as industrialization took hold in agriculture, the Suffolk Punch teetered on extinction. Despite being England’s oldest native breed, this horse is now critically endangered.

The Suffolk Punch always features a chestnut coat, some with white facial and leg markings. They are rotund, earning them the “punch” name. Despite being one of the biggest horses, they eat less than other draft breeds. This makes them more economical for their owners, particularly as part of a working farm.

#4 Belgian Draft

Tallest Horses - Belgian Draft
One of the tallest horses, a Belgian draft horse, is still used in agriculture today.

©OlesyaNickolaeva/Shutterstock.com

At up to 18 hands tall, the Belgian Draft is similar in size to the #5 tallest breed, the Suffolk Punch. Hailing from Belgium and originally called the Flanders Horse, these show horses of the modern era were once a key part of European and American farm life. They are agricultural workers and cart pullers, still today.

Belgian Drafts are chestnut, roan, sorrel, or bay colored with notably short necks. Although their short necks make them appear less elegant than other large breeds like the biggest Clydesdales, they make up for that appearance by being reliably work-minded. Belgian Drafts are usually 18 hands tall or less. But some have grown to a rare giant stature of up to 19 hands tall and 3,000 pounds.

#3 Percheron

Tallest Horses - Percheron
A brown stallion Percheron with beautiful mane and harness on autumn land. Today these tall horses are more visible in horse shows, parades, and riding stables than as farmworkers.

©Nadezda Murmakova/Shutterstock.com

Measuring up to an impressive 18 hands tall is the typical black or gray French Percheron horse. This was once the tallest breed in the world. But their common size and appearance changed as more owners bred them with light horses like the Arabian. Today’s Percherons are more visible in horse shows, parades, and riding stables than as farmworkers. Still, they have a strong drive for work and do well in even snowy regions. The biggest among the breed is usually found in France or the United States.

#2 Clydesdale

Tallest Horses - Clydesdale
A Clydesdale horse, one of the tallest horses, gallops on a snowy field in winter.

©OlesyaNickolaeva/Shutterstock.com

The Clydesdale is overall one of the largest horse breeds, considering both their height and weight. But these Scottish giants are more compact in height than the Shire. With males being up to 18 hands tall on average, but capable of growing over 18 hands, “compact” does not mean small by any means. In fact, “Poe” of Ontario, Canada is possibly the world’s biggest Clydesdale at 20.2 hands, just under 7 feet tall! That is taller than a moose and about the same size as a grizzly bear standing on its hind legs!

Most Clydesdales’ coats are bay-colored. But they can also be black, grey, or chestnut. Some feature white markings under their belly and most have white lower legs and feet. They are easily trained, gentle and calm giants, yet energetic and ready-to-work. Clydesdales are the most widely recognized among tallest breeds.

#1 Shire

Tallest Horses - Shire
The Shire, the tallest horse in the world. Shires were widely used for battlefield fighting.

©Alla-Berlezova/Shutterstock.com

Shires are the tallest horses in the world. It is not unheard of for one of these beauties to measure 20 hands, though they typically range from 16-19 hands. In fact, the biggest horse ever measured is the Shire gelding Sampson, who is now called Mammoth. Mammoth was born in England in 1846 and stood at 21.2-1/2 hands, over 7 feet 2.5 inches tall! That is more than 4 inches taller than the world’s biggest Clydesdale, Poe.

Shires are muscular and easy-going. Despite their gentle nature, they were widely used for battlefield fighting. In the 1920s, two Shires pulled 40 tons of weight, making it clear why they were also highly popular for farming and pulling ale carts from breweries to homes. Many farmers rely on them, still today. Their coats are typically bay, grey, brown, black, or chestnut with feathered legs. Although the breed was almost extinct in the 1900s, conservationists are working to bring them back to prominence.

Honorable Mentions: More Tall Horses

There’s no denying the “tallness” of the awesome horses we’ve covered in our top 10 list. But there are other noteworthy horses who measure tall that deserve a nod. Below are a few more towering horses:

Russian Draft

Biggest Horses: Russian Heavy

The Russian Draft horse, which measures 14.2 – 15 hands, was used on farms, to pull carriages, and for military service.

©arthorse/Shutterstock.com

The Russian Draft horse is quite large, weighing an average of 1,280 โ€“ 1,550 pounds, with a height of  14.2 โ€“ 15 hands. These horses were originally used on farms but were also capable of pulling carriages or serving as military horses. Their common colors are chestnut, bay, or strawberry roan.

Italian Heavy Draft

Italian Heavy Draft Horse

Italian Heavy Draft horses were valued in Italy for their speed and agility, as well as their hard-working ethic.

©BS Thurner Hof / CC BY-SA 3.0 – Original / License

These horses were used by Italian farmers as workhorses, but they were also valued for their speed and agility. Typically chestnut in color, the Italian heavy draft averages  1,320 โ€“ 1,540 pounds in weight and 14.2 โ€“ 15.3 hands in height.

Breton

There are 3 types of Breton horses–the Corlay Breton, the Postier Breton, and the Heavy Draft Breton.

©Abujoy / CC BY-SA 2.5 – Original / License

The Breton is another horse originating in Brittany, France. They were used for agricultural duties and as military horses. There are three types, with the largest being the Heavy Draft Breton. They measure 15 – 16 hands, weigh from 1,500 – 1,800 pounds, and come in colors of gray, roan, chestnut, or bay.

A Summary of the Top 10 Tallest Horses in The World

IndexSpeciesCountry of OriginHeight
1ShireEngland19 hands
2ClydesdaleScotland18 hands
3PercheronFrance18 hands
4Belgian DraftBelgium18 hands
5Suffolk PunchEngland18 hands
6Australian DraughtAustralia17.2 hands
7Dutch DraftHolland17 hands
8BoulonnaisFrance16.3 hands
9American Cream DraftAmerica16.3 hands
10JutlandDenmark16.1 hands
Table showing the 10 tallest horses, their height, and origins


Share this post on:
About the Author

Heather Hall is a writer at A-Z Animals, where her primary focus is on plants and animals. Heather has been writing and editing since 2012 and holds a Bachelor of Science in Horticulture. As a resident of the Pacific Northwest, Heather enjoys hiking, gardening, and trail running through the mountains with her dogs.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.