- Both turkeys and chickens have wattles to release excess heat, but differ in most ways. The turkey is 10-15 pounds heavier than the chicken, has dark feathers with a featherless head and neck, and has a snood over its head. Whereas, the chicken’s plumage is more colorful.
- Turkeys were first domesticated from the junglefowl species in Mexico, while domesticated chickens originated from their forest-dwelling ancestors in Southeast Asia.
- Turkeys are larger birds, so they cost more at the grocery store. They are often kept for more special occasions like holidays. Chickens are popular for daily cooking, cost less, and take well to varied seasonings.
A turkey gobbles and a chicken clucks. They also look completely different from each other, even though these two ground-feeding heavy-bodied birds are in the same order, Galliformes, and the same family, Phasianidae. But while the turkey is from the genus Meleagris, the chicken is from the genus Gallus, which includes all junglefowl.
What about eating them? Which meat is more nutritious? When are they interchangeable in meals and when are they not? Why do we eat chicken eggs but not turkey eggs? We’ll get into the details below!
The 7 Key Differences Between Turkey and Chicken
Turkey vs Chicken : Physical features
Turkey and chicken are complete opposites in almost every way, with the main similarity being that they both have wattles which they use to release heat excess from. The turkey has dark feathers with a featherless head and neck, plus a snood over its head. The chicken has colorful feathers with the male being even more colorful. And when it comes to size, even the smallest turkey easily weighs 10-15lbs more than even the largest chicken.
Turkey vs Chicken : Origin
Both of these fowls have been domesticated and introduced into the Americas, but they originated from countries that are oceans apart. The chicken was first domesticated from the junglefowl species in the Indus Valley while the Turkey was first domesticated from its forest-dwelling ancestors in Mexico.
Turkey vs Chicken : Taxonomy
Both feathered creatures share the same order and family, being ground-dwelling heavy-bodied birds. But the chicken has been domesticated for far longer and in several more countries than the turkey, making Meleagris gallopavo’s common name the domesticated or wild turkey, and Gallus gallus domesticus being the scientific name for only the domesticated chicken.
Turkey vs Chicken : Flavor & texture
It’s hard to describe the differences in taste and texture between the two fowl. However, turkey definitely has a more unique flavor, especially considering it’s been domesticated less than chicken. There’s also the fact that the flavor of chicken depends on the breed. Although what you’ll find at the typical grocery store will be fairly consistent everywhere, small farmers have different breeds than the large-scale commercial ones. Turkey has several varieties and most are classified as heritage varieties, but these too are more common among small farmers. Both have occasionally changed their main popular commercial type by replacing or crossing with other breeds.
Turkey vs Chicken : Nutrients
Turkey is always the leaner white meat of the two, making it a good low-fat alternative to red meat. Both are high in protein and in about equal amounts, and both contain all of the essential amino acids. Chicken is somewhat higher in calories, fat and cholesterol, but it’s a good source of vitamin B, phosphorus, niacin, and selenium. Turkey has all of that, too, plus iron, zinc, and riboflavin. Chicken has slightly more potassium and iron, and turkey has slightly more magnesium and phosphorus.
Turkey vs Chicken : Cost
When comparing the price per live-weight pound of bird, the chicken is 50 cents and the turkey is 73 cents. As for buying either at the grocery store, the breast meat of both is always going to be more expensive than the thighs or drumsticks. Plus, turkeys are much larger than chickens, so you’re going to pay more for a whole turkey than for a whole chicken based on both the differences in the price per pound and turkey being heavier than chicken.
Turkey vs Chicken : Commercial use
Turkey and chicken can be interchangeable in some dishes, sure. But whereas chicken is ubiquitous, turkey is reserved for Thanksgiving and Christmas. Both take on savory seasonings very well, but chicken can take on many other flavors, too. Turkey also takes more space and feed to raise turkeys than chickens.
Turkey vs Chicken: Symbolism
From ancient times, people have ascribed idioms or spiritual ideas to animals. Turkeys are commonly associated with festivities, especially in the New World when settlers discovered them in abundance. Turkeys symbolize prosperity and abundance, as well as generosity, family, friendship, and thankfulness.
Chickens are sometimes associated with cowardice or panic (“like a chicken with its head cut off”), but a saying like, “Don’t count your chickens before they hatch,” alludes to their benefits. And because the male and female chicken are different, some idioms refer to them by sex. While roosters are associated with masculinity, aggression, and virility, female hens represent domesticity, maternal care, and protection.
Take a look at the differences between chickens and turkeys:
|Points of Difference||Chicken||Turkey|
|Size & weight||Up to 2.3ft L, 5.5lbs||3.3-4.1ft L, 24lbs|
|Appearance||Colorful has wattle and comb||Darkly colored has a bright wattle, snood, featherless head, and neck|
|Origin||Southeast Asia||Mexico, North America|
|Taxonomy||Genus Gallus; species G. gallus domesticus & 5 wild species; 53 recognized breeds & 39 varieties||Genus Meleagris; species Meleagris gallopavo; 6 wild turkey species; many varieties including 9 heritage ones|
|Flavor & texture||Rich, mellow flavor that takes spices well; easy to digest||Dark, juicy, rich flavor and texture; savory, lean protein; tougher to digest|
|Nutrients||Protein, fat, potassium, calcium||Protein, vitamin B, zinc, selenium, phosphorus|
|Cost||50c/lb live-weight||73c/lb live-weight|
|Commercial use||Cooked various ways; salads, broths, stews, soups, casseroles, sandwiches, deli meat, ground chicken, an alternative to beef burgers||Roasted or deep-fried for Thanksgiving & Christmas; deli meat, ground meat, an alternative to bacon|
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The photo featured at the top of this post is ©
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
How is turkey different from chicken?
It’s in a different genus, is much larger and heavier, has darker feathers and a featherless head and neck, a snood, costs more, and needs more space and feed to raise. It’s also not as popular or widespread as chicken.
Why does nobody eat turkey eggs?
Turkey eggs are unfamiliar to most people. They are most similar to duck eggs. Plus, they’re expensive and turkeys take a longer time to lay eggs, laying only about 100 a year and mostly during the spring.
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