19 Countries with Red and White Flags

Written by Jennifer Gaeng
Updated: January 26, 2023
© iStock.com/RM80
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Throughout history, flags have had many purposes, from proclaiming a country’s triumph in a battle to asserting a claim to a territory. They are commonly seen in the skies over administrative centers, campuses, stadiums, and even private residences. But have you ever considered the thought process behind the creation of a country’s flag? Why did the country pick those particular colors and symbols to represent it? For example, when it comes to colors, In general, flags of countries tend to use ones that represent values like peace and harmony, reflecting the values, culture, and history that those countries hold dear.

Certain colors are also employed more frequently than others. For instance, red, white, and blue are among the most selected color schemes. Today, there are hardly any national flags that do not have at least one of these colors. This piece will examine the national flags of the world that use simply red and white. Did you know that 77.08% of flags have red, with white coming in at a close second at 72.92%?  It’s no wonder, then, that as of the year 2023, 19 countries’ flags feature these two colors only! We’ll take a quick look at each one below, in alphabetical order. Let’s go!

1.      The Flag of Austria

The Austrian flag is three horizontal stripes in red, white, and red.


Austria has officially joined the growing number of nations flying the red and white flag. Since 1230, Austria has raised its flag as an independent nation. Its design consists of three horizontal stripes of in red, white, and red. This flag design is considered one of the oldest ones in use since its inception.

2.      The Flag of Bahrain

Bahrain Flag
The Bahrain flag is white and red.


Since February 14, 2002, Bahrain has flown its red and white flag. Its design consists of a red field with a white, jagged broad strip located at the hoist. This strip features 5 points.

3.      The Flag of Canada

The flag of Canada is red, white, and red with a red maple leaf in the white center.


Canada’s current red and white national flag was officially approved in 1965. This flag is often referred to as “the Maple Leaf” because of its design. It consists of a red background with a white square in the middle and a maple leaf in the center of the white square. This maple leaf represents the land and its people.

4.      The Flag of Denmark

The flag of Denmark
The flag of Denmark has flown since the year 1219.


Denmark’s national flag has been flown since 1219, making it one of the earliest flags still in use today. Its design is a red field with a white Scandinavian (Nordic) cross across it.

5.      The Flag of England

flag of England
The flag of England is white with a red cross of Saint George in the middle.

©Pavlo Lys/Shutterstock.com

England has flown its current flag, a bicolor of red and white, since the early 1990s. It is a simple white field with a red Saint George cross across it. This emblem’s connection to England dates back to the middle ages.

6.      The Flag of Georgia

The flag of Georgia is made up of a white field and a large red cross in the center, touching all four sides of the flag. In each corner, there are four smaller red crosses.

©iStock.com/Alexandra Bykova

Georgia straddles the continents of Asia and Europe. It has been using its current flag, which is red and white, since January 2004.  Its design has a white field, with a large red cross that touches all four sides. There are also four smaller Georgian crosses; one in each of the four white quadrants.

7.      The Flag of Greenland

flag of Greenland
The flag of Greenland is a red and white flag with a white and red circle counterchanged in the center.

©railway fx/Shutterstock.com

The present Greenland flag, a red and white horizontal bicolor, was adopted in May 1989 and has served as the country’s national symbol ever since. Its design is two equal horizontal strips with white on top and red on the bottom. It features a counter-changed disk in red and white slightly to the left or hoist side of the center.

8.      The Flag of Indonesia

The flag of Indonesia is a simple red and white bicolor flag.


Since 1950, Indonesia has flown its national flag. Its design is a very simple bicolor with two equal horizontal stripes featuring red on top and white on the bottom.

9.      The Flag of Japan

flag of japan
The flag of Japan is white with a red circle in the center.


Flags of red and white, which have flown over Japan since August 1999, are considered relatively new. Its current design features a red disc or circle centered on a white background.

10.   The Flag of Latvia

The flag of Latvia consists of crimson field (background) divided horizontally by a narrow white stripe. The flag’s width-to-length ratio is 1 to 2.

©iStock.com/Ingus Kruklitis

In 1918, Latvia adopted its current flag, a red and white tricolor. Its design is a dark red field with a narrow white stripe going across it horizontally.

11.   The Flag of Monaco

Monaco Flag
The Monaco flag is a horizontal red and white bicolor flag.

©Black Pearl Footage/Shutterstock.com

The red and white flag that Monaco has flown since 1881 is one of the world’s oldest flags. Its design has two equal horizontal stripes with red on top and white on the bottom. The flag of Monaco is eerily similar to the flag of Indonesia, however, their dimension is different and the tone of red is darker in Monaco’s flag.

12.   The Flag of Poland

The flag of Poland is a horizontal red and white bicolor flag with white on top and red on the bottom.


Since 1919, the red and white flag of Poland has served as the country’s national flag. Its design is two equal horizontal bands, with white on top and red on the bottom.

13.   The Flag of Peru

The national flag of Peru is similar to the state flag but without the coat of arms in the center.
The current version of the national flag of Peru was adopted in 1950.


The red and white flag of Peru was officially adopted on February 25, 1825. Its design is a vertical triband in equal proportions in the following order: red, white, and red. Although this is the official design, it can often be seen defaced with different emblems.

14.   The Flag of Qatar

Qatar Flag
The Qatar flag is dark red with a white jagged stripe on the hoist side.


Since July 6, 1971, Qatar has flown a flag as its national emblem. Its design consists of a deep red field with a broad white saw-toothed band on the hoist side. There are nine points to the white band. Its design is quite similar to the flag of Bahrain; however, Bahrain has five points on its white band and Qatar has a much darker red field.

15.   The Flag of Singapore

Singapore flag waving in the wind against background of peoples park old building
The flag of Singapore features a white crescent and five white stars on a red and white background.


Since December 1959, the current red and white flag has flown over Singapore. Its design features a horizontal bicolor of red above white bands in equal proportions. On the red band in the canton, also known as the upper left portion of a flag, is a white crescent moon that faces five tiny white five-pointed stars in the shape of a pentagon.

16.   The Flag of Switzerland

Swiss flag waving on a mountain peak in Switzerland
The flag of Switzerland is a red square with a white cross in the center.


The red and white flag of Switzerland has been flying with pride since 1889. Its design features a white cross in the center of a red field. The cross does not touch any of the flag corners. This cross is known as the Swiss Cross. Apart from most flags with a rectangular shape, this flag is actually square.

17.   The Flag of Tonga

flag of Tonga
The flag of Tonga is red with a white canton that has a red-couped cross in the canton.

©iStock.com/Ahmed Zaggoudi

Since November 1875, when it declared independence, Tonga has flown the red and white flag that represents the country. Its design features a red background with a white canton (upper left quadrant). Within the canton is a red-couped cross.

18.   The Flag of Tunisia

flag of Tunisia
The flag of Tunisia is red with a white circle that has a red crescent and star in the center of the circle.


In 1827, Tunisia officially adopted its current red and white national flag. Its design is a red field with a white circle close to the center. Within the white circle is a red crescent facing a smaller red five-pointed star within the curve of the crescent.

19.   The flag of Turkey

flag of Turkey
Thr flag of Turkey is red with a white crescent and star. The star is outside of the crescent.


Turkey’s red and white national flag has been unchanged since 1936. Its design consists of a red field with a white-centered crescent (closer to the hoist side) facing a smaller white five-pointed star on the outside of the crescent.

In Conclusion

We now know that red and white are the two most popular choices for flags all across the world. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that many flags employ these two colors for their aesthetic appeal. Flags are chosen by nations, states, territories, and groups to symbolize what they value most. The flag’s colors represent a revered past and an optimistic future through tradition and quality. Although each flag is unique, there is often a striking connection between the meanings of colors across many different flag designs.

For example, red is a striking and attention-grabbing hue, and it typically denotes violent events like warfare and revolution or a fight for something like freedom. It’s also a symbol of strength, bravery, and courage. This illustrates a nation’s past in numerous ways, such as the struggle that led to its founding. White is the universal color of peace, purity, and innocence. It often stands for openness and unity and has sometimes even represented the surrender of a nation. As a form of nature, it can also stand in for snow.

We hope you enjoyed learning about all the different flags across the world that have chosen such peaceful and powerful colors to represent their nation’s history, culture, and future goals. If you are interested in learning more about all the different flags of the world, including their history, photos, and more, click here!

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The flag of Canada has a red field with a white square in the center, in which a stylized red, 11-pointed maple leaf is emblazoned in the middle.
© iStock.com/RM80

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About the Author

A substantial part of my life has been spent as a writer and artist, with great respect to observing nature with an analytical and metaphysical eye. Upon close investigation, the natural world exposes truths far beyond the obvious. For me, the source of all that we are is embodied in our planet; and the process of writing and creating art around this topic is an attempt to communicate its wonders.

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