The States With the Most Hummingbird Species in America

The ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is a species of hummingbird that generally spends the winter in Central America, Mexico, and Florida, and migrates to Canada and other parts of Eas
© sanjaya pushpakumara/Shutterstock.com

Written by Alanna Davis

Published: April 17, 2024

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Hummingbirds are one of the most beloved signs of spring, and luckily, many states across America get to enjoy their presence. However, certain states are home to more native species than others. Let’s explore how many of these wonderful birds live in each state across America. All data about the species native to each state was sourced from the World Population Review.

1. Arizona

Hummingbird approaching pink flower

Arizona is one of two states that have more than 10 different species documented there.

©Janet Griffin-Scott/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Arizona is home to 12 different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, Anna’s hummingbird, the broad-billed hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, the blue-throated hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, Costa’s hummingbird, the lucifer hummingbird, the magnificent hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, the violet crowned hummingbird, and the white-eared hummingbird.

2. New Mexico

Rainbow Hummer in Flight - Photograph of a Ruby Throated Hummingbird in flight silhouetted against a setting sun and golden sky. Sunlight shows iridescent colors in the feathers.

New Mexico is home to many host plants that these birds love.

©Ramona Edwards/Shutterstock.com

The state of New Mexico is home to 12 different species. Among them are Allen’s hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-billed hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, the blue-throated hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, Costa’s hummingbird, the lucifer hummingbird, the magnificent hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the violet crowned hummingbird.

3. Texas

Male Ruby-throated Hummingbird looking for a feeder

The United States-Mexico border is brimming with biodiversity.

©CarolinaBirdman/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Texas is home to 10 different species. Among them are Anna’s hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, the blue-throated hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, the buff-behind hummingbird, the lucifer hummingbird, the magnificent hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the ruby-throated hummingbird.

4. Arkansas

Two hummingbirds with pink flower. Fiery-throated Hummingbirds, flying next to beautiful bloom flower, Savegre, Costa Rica. Action wildlife scene from nature.

Many of these birds live to be between two and five years old.

©Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock.com

The state of Arkansas is home to seven different species. Among them are Anna’s hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the buff-bellied hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, the magnificent hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the ruby-throated hummingbird.

5. California

Black-throated Mango

California is famous for its sprawling landscapes and abundant wildlife.

©Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock.com

The state of California is home to seven different species. Among them are Anna’s hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, Allen’s hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, Coata’s hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the calliope hummingbird.

6. Lousiana

selective image of hummingbird eating dragonfly on yellow flower

These birds must eat almost constantly in order to maintain their body weight due to their high metabolism. Shockingly, their hearts beat at a rate of 1,200 beats per second.

©K A STUDIO/Shutterstock.com

The state of Louisiana is home to six different species. Among them are the buff-bellied hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the calliope hummingbird.

7. Nevada

The backside of a female Broad-tailed hummingbird with open wings and fanned tail pollinating in a colorful garden setting.

These birds typically only lay between one and three eggs per clutch.

©Susan Hodgson/Shutterstock.com

The state of Nevada is home to six different species. Among them are Anna’s hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, Coata’s hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the calliope hummingbird.

8. Oregon

Rufous Hummingbird flaring it's gorget

Among all Oregon species, the Rufous hummingbird is the most abundant of all. These birds are easily identified by their orange and golden feathers.

©punkbirdr/Shutterstock.com

The state of Oregon is home to six different species. Among them are Anna’s hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, Allen’s hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the calliope hummingbird.

9. Utah

Costa's Hummingbird sitting on a branch.

These birds typically migrate alone rather than in flocks.

©Peter Milota, Jr./ via Getty Images

The state of Utah is home to five different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, Costa’s hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the calliope hummingbird.

10. Washington

Red-Billed Streamertail Hummingbird (Trochilus Polytmus) in Jamaica W. I.

There are about 16 different species of these birds documented across the United States. However, the ruby-throated hummingbird seems to be the most widespread across the country.

©Sujatha Vempaty/Shutterstock.com

The state of Washington is home to five different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, Anna’s hummingbird, Coata’s hummingbird, the Rufous hummingbird, and the calliope hummingbird.

11. Alabama

Hummingbird Hawk Moth

Some insects such as

Macroglossum stellatarum

have evolved to mimic these birds.

©aabeele/Shutterstock.com

The state of Alabama is home to four different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, the blue-throated hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

12. Colorado

A baby hummingbird opening mouth for food from mother

These birds belong to the family

Trochilidae

. Surprisingly, this family is comprised of roughly 360 different species.

©Freebilly Photography/Shutterstock.com

The state of Colorado is home to four different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, the broad-tailed hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

13. Florida

Anna's Hummingbird adult male hovering and feeding. Santa Cruz, California, USA.

Anna’s hummingbird is the fastest of all, and some can reach speeds of up to 50 miles per hour during flight.

©yhelfman/Shutterstock.com

The state of Florida is home to four different species. Among them are the buff-bellied hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

14. Idaho

Male ruby-throated hummingbird

Some of these birds are capable of beating their wings over 60 times per second.

©williamhc/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Idaho is home to four different species. Among them are the broad-tailed hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

15. Montana

A tiny fledgling Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) sitting on a perch

Because of their small size and high intake needs, migration can be difficult for these birds. Those interested can set up hummingbird feeders to help them during these periods.

©Cliff LeSergent/Shutterstock.com

The state of Montana is home to four different species. Among them are the broad-tailed hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

16. Oklahoma

Female hummingbird feeding baby in the nest

Mothers will care for their young for roughly three weeks. After this period, they will venture outside the nest on their own.

©sen yang/Shutterstock.com

The state of Oklahoma is home to four different species. Among them are the broad-tailed hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the ruby-throated hummingbird.

17. South Carolina

Hummingbird feeding baby in the nest

Mothers often feed their young a mixture of insects and nectar.

©RobDemPhoto/Shutterstock.com

The state of South Carolina is home to four different species. Among them are the broad-billed hummingbird, the blue-throated hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

18. South Dakota

rufous hummingbird

Hummingbirds are not often social. In fact, males and females will typically only interact during breeding periods.

©Robert J Richter/Shutterstock.com

The state of South Dakota is home to four different species. Among them are the broad-tailed hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

19. Wyoming

Hummingbird Drinking from Hummingbird Feede

If you have feeders in your yard, make sure to clean them once weekly at minimum. However, additional cleaning may be necessary depending on the weather conditions outside.

©Leonard Provoid/Shutterstock.com

The state of Wyoming is home to four different species. Among them are the broad-tailed hummingbird, the black-chinned hummingbird, the calliope hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

20. Alaska

Male White-eared Hummingbird feeding on flower in flight, portrait , selective focus

America is only home to a small fraction of the world’s total hummingbird species. In fact, there are over 300 species that don’t occur naturally here.

©Gerardo Aguilar Anzures/Shutterstock.com

The state of Alaska is home to three different species. Among them are Anna’s hummingbird, Costa’s hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

21. Georgia

Black-Chinned Hummingbird Searching for Nectar Among the Blue Flowers

These animals spend much of their day searching for food sources. In fact, they must eat every few hours to maintain their body weight.

©rck_953/Shutterstock.com

The state of Georgia is home to three different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

22. Mississippi

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

During their breeding season, males will let out a mating call to attract interested females. Females will typically choose the most lively and attractive male.

©Susan Hodgson/Shutterstock.com

The state of Mississippi is home to three different species. Among them are the black-chinned hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

23. Nebraska

A closeup of an Indigo-capped hummingbird perched on a tree branch during the rain

These birds are incredibly intelligent. Believe it or not, research has shown that they can remember the locations of favorable feeders and flowers. In addition, they may even recognize human faces.

©Wirestock Creators/Shutterstock.com

The state of Nebraska is home to three different species. Among them are the broad-tailed hummingbird, the ruby-throated hummingbird, and the Rufous hummingbird.

24. Kansas

Hummingbird at bird feeder in front of suburban sunset

The color red has been known to attract these animals, Because of this, gardeners can plant red flowers and put up red decorations to draw them to their yards.

©Glenn Highcove/Shutterstock.com

The state of Kansas is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

25. Kentucky

ruby-throated hummingbird

Almost every state across America has at least one native hummingbird. However, one state isn’t known to have any.

©cfabian/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Kentucky is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

26. Massachusets

anna's hummingbird licks up sap at Vancouver BC Canada

Because of their incredible memory, these birds typically form daily routines in which they visit the same few feeding locations.

©Feng Yu/Shutterstock.com

The state of Massachusetts is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

27. North Carolina

Hummingbird Feeder

These birds may avoid feeders located in yards where outdoor cats are present. Because of this, owners may want to keep their pets inside if they aim to attract hummingbirds.

©Joseph Tointon/iStock via Getty Images

The state of North Carolina is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

28. North Dakota

Ruby Throated Hummingbird at Feeder

Less than 20 states are home to more than three different hummingbird species.

©Christine Balleau/iStock via Getty Images

The state of North Dakota is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

29. Ohio

Patio planter hanger hook is home base for female hummingbird and tiny nest in civilization and nature concept

These birds craft their nests out of grass fibers, spider silk, moss, and lichen. However, finding one may be difficult as they are typically well camouflaged.

©Florence-Joseph McGinn/Shutterstock.com

The state of Ohio is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

30. Tennessee

Red glossy shiny bird. Fiery-throated Hummingbird, Panterpe insignis, colorful bird sitting on branch. Mountain bright animal from Panama.

Male hummingbirds are typically more brightly colored than their female counterparts. Luckily, this helps them during courtship.

©Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock.com

The state of Tennessee is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

31. West Virginia

Ruby throated hummingbird sipping nectar from orange zinnia flower blooming in garden

Many of these birds only weigh between two and twenty grams at most.

©Melissa Burovac/Shutterstock.com

The state of West Virginia is home to two different species. They are the ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird.

32. Connecticut

Hummingbird Nest with Eggs, Each about the Size of a Jellybean. Boquete, Panama

Although some bird species share the duty of sitting on their eggs, male hummingbirds don’t really engage in this task.

©Daniel Lamborn/Shutterstock.com

The state of Connecticut is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

33. Delaware

Adult male Lucifer Hummingbird (Calothorax lucifer)

If you want to attract these birds to your yard, try planting flowers like daylilies, honeysuckle, and bee balm. Red flowers will work particularly well.

©AGAMI stock/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Delaware is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

34. Illinois

Antillean crested hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus) sitting on a leaf, Grenada island, Grenada

While some people might want to keep one of these adorable birds as a pet, the truth is that there aren’t any legal ways to obtain one. They are wild animals and should be left out in nature.

©Don Mammoser/Shutterstock.com

The state of Illinois is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

35. Indiana

Xantus's hummingbird (Basilinna xantusii) perched on a branch in a tree.

Although it might sound sad, individuals rehabilitating an injured hummingbird without a proper license might face legal action.

©Agami Photo Agency/Shutterstock.com

The state of Indiana is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

36. Iowa

ruby throat hummingbird standing on the nectar feeder

Even professional wildlife rehabbers often have trouble keeping hummingbirds healthy and happy in captivity.

©xphotoz/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Iowa is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

37. Maine

Pink-throated brilliant hummingbird on branch with rain and green background in Colombia South America

The diversity and abundance of hummingbirds is much greater throughout the Southern United States as opposed to the North.

©Virginie Merckaert/Shutterstock.com

The state of Maine is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

38. Maryland

Hummingbird on feeder with heating lamp in front of residential winter scene. Hummingbird heaters are used to keep the nectar or sugar from freezing. Hummingbird sitting by the heat. Selective focus.

While some people might think that these birds use their beaks as straws to slurp up nectar, their anatomy is actually quite different. Their tongues are forked off, and they lap up nectar between the two forks to feed.

©sophiecat/Shutterstock.com

The state of Maryland is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

39. Michigan

A beautiful large hummingbird perched on a metal feeder drinking lots of sugar water for energy in summertime closeup

Each day, one bird can visit up to 2,000 flowers. In addition, they are able to remember which ones produce the most nectar.

©Sandra Burm/Shutterstock.com

The state of Michigan is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

40. Minnesota

A female Blue-chinned Sapphire hummingbird feeding on a yellow Ixora hedge.

Even though it is much more difficult for these birds to forage for nectar from flowers over feeders, they seem to prefer visiting flowers.

©Chelsea Sampson/Shutterstock.com

The state of Minnesota is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

41. Missouri

Anna's hummingbird playing in water fountain taking a bath, water shooting straight up with trees in background.

Because of their small size, hummingbirds have many predators. Among them are owls, frogs, cats, and hawks. However, strong winds and bad weather conditions can also be fatal for these animals.

©Sheila Fitzgerald/Shutterstock.com

The state of Missouri is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

42. New Hampshire

Closeup of the ruby-throated hummingbird. Archilochus colubris.

Even though a wasp string is quite harmless to a human, this could be enough to kill a hummingbird. In addition, these birds may be predated by insects, such as praying mantises.

©Wirestock/iStock via Getty Images

The state of New Hampshire is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

43. New Jersey

Never dye the sugar mixture in hummingbird feeders red. Even though this might seem like a good idea, the artificial dye may have adverse effects on their small bodies.

©Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock.com

The state of New Jersey is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

44. New York

Hummingbird Hovering Over a Hibiscus Blossom in Louisiana Garden

While hummingbirds that live up north migrate each winter to avoid the cold, those living down south may stay all year long if the weather conditions and food sources allow it.

©Bonnie Taylor Barry/Shutterstock.com

The state of New York is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

45. Pennsylvania

USA, Arizona, Madera Canyon. Broad-billed hummingbird and bumble bee on feeder.

Other animals may visit hummingbird feeders. For example, bees, ants, bats, and some rodents have been observed visiting them. Because of this, it’s best to hang them up high and install baffles below.

©Danita Delimont/Shutterstock.com

The state of Pennsylvania is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

46. Rhode Island

Ruby-throated Hummingbird At A Feeder

Because these birds are creatures of habit, it may take a while for them to warm up to a new feeder. Allow a few weeks to pass by if you notice that you aren’t seeing any visit your backyard.

©Steve Byland/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Rhode Island is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

47. Vermont

smiling woman with hummingbirds looking at camera

Although it might be tempting to catch a hummingbird to keep as your own, you should never remove these animals from the wild. Instead, try turning your backyard into a place that they would like to visit and observe them from a distance.

©Lenin Suntaxi/Shutterstock.com

The state of Vermont is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

48. Virginia

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

It may be hard to identify a hummingbird in flight due to their high speed. Try to snap a picture while one is hovering over a feeder or a flower so that you have time to analyze the photo later.

©Martine Blanchette/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Virginia is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

49. Wisconsin

Male Ruby-throated Hummingbird

One of the best defense mechanisms that these birds have against predators is their evasive flight. Unlike other animals, these birds can fly up, down, left, right, and backward. Using the maneuvers helps them escape the clutches of other avian predators.

©&#169 Steve Byland/iStock via Getty Images

The state of Wisconsin is only home to one species: the ruby-throated hummingbird.

50. Hawaii

Napili Beach

Although it might be sad, there are no documented hummingbird species present in Hawaii. Despite this, this state is still home to a wealth of biodiversity.

©Adam-Springer/iStock via Getty Images

There are no hummingbirds native to the state of Hawaii.


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About the Author

Alanna is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering insects, animals, and travel. In addition to writing, she spends her time tutoring English and exploring the east end of Long Island. Prior to receiving her Bachelor's in Economics from Stony Brook University, Alanna spent much of her time studying entomology and insect biology.

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