Types of Dogs: All Breeds From A-Z

Updated: July 11, 2023
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Our Latest Facts About Dogs!

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Dog infographic

Scientific Name

Dogs are the domesticated descendants of the Wolf. There are many types of dogs, which we will list in detail below. Dogs have one of two scientific names depending on the species. The two scientific names for dogs are:

  • Canis familiaris (domestic dog) — The most common and best fit for most types of pet dogs.
  • Canis lupus familiaris (domestic wolf-dog) — A subspecies of the Wolf.

All types of dogs are in the family Canidae, the dog-like carnivorans or canids, while the genus Canis means “dog” and includes wolves, dogs, coyotes, and jackals. Their subfamily is Caninae, or canines, while their tribe is the dog-like or “true dog” tribe Canini and their sub-tribe is the wolf-like canids of Canina. Dogs are one of the first animals to be domesticated by prehistoric man.

Dog Wanders Into Gorilla Habitat in San Diego and Doesn’t Seem Fazed Cover image

Human’s best friend is a domesticated descendant of the wolf.


History of Domestication

Humans and dogs have been in a long-standing partnership since ancient times. This partnership was likely formed out of the human need for help with herding, hunting, and alarm systems, as well as a source of food. In return, dogs were provided with protection, shelter, and companionship. The exact time that this relationship was forged is still being discussed.

Research conducted using mitochondrial DNA has revealed that wolves and dogs diverged into separate species about 100,000 years ago. While mtDNA research has provided some insight into the period of domestication that may have occurred between 40,000 and 20,000 years ago, scientists have not reached an accord on the exact findings. Some theories state that the animals were first domesticated in East Asia. Others suggest it was in the Middle East, while others propose that domestication took place in Europe at a later stage.

Experts now acknowledge that the range of different dog breeds we see today has only recently come about. Nevertheless, the remarkable variety of dogs is a reminder of their traditional and diverse domestication processes. Dog sizes range from tiny teacup poodles, which weigh as little as one pound, to enormous mastiffs tipping the scales at over 200 lbs. Furthermore, there are differences in the skull, body, and limb shapes of breeds, and they also have varying abilities, such as searching, retrieving, guiding, and herding.

Humans were originally hunter-gatherers, and as they moved around, so did their dogs. This meant that the two populations were geographically isolated for a while. As the human population increased and trade networks developed, people reconnected, and the dog population was genetically mixed. About 500 years ago, breeders created different types of dogs from a fairly homogenous gene pool of dogs with mixed genetic heritages that had originated from various places.

dog with duck in mouth

Humans and dogs have been in a long-standing partnership since ancient times, formed out of the human need for help with herding, hunting, and protection.

©Anna Pozzi – Zoophotos/Shutterstock.com


There are many types of dogs, but all members of the genus Canis have common physical characteristics. Bone structure, behavior, and reproduction are just a few markers that are unique to canids. Many types of dogs have unique characteristics that distinguish them from wolves. You can use some of these markers to determine whether a canid is a wolf or a dog.

Canine teeth

Dogs are decedents of wolves and have a dental pattern that reflects their carnivorous diet. Their teeth are sharp and designed to rip apart and chew meat. The four sharp, pointed teeth many humans have are called ‘canines’ for their resemblance. Teeth are one of the easiest ways to identify a canine. Most canids (of the family Canidae) have 42 teeth, with a dental formula of:


Types of Dog Teeth And Their Function

Tooth TypeLower Teeth CountUpper Teeth CountFunction

Learn everything you need to know about dog teeth here.

Dachshund snarling

Modern dogs have a dental pattern that is the same as a wild wolf.


Other canid features

Canids generally share similar skull features, basic body shape, monogamous and pack behavior, and retention of adult offspring.


Because dogs descended from wolves, they are carnivores with biology designed for a meat-based diet. However, very few pet dogs today eat strictly meat. Modern dog food is much more affordable than a pure meat diet and offers a wider range of nutrients.

Today dog food is often made by blending meat with grains and vegetables. Different meats like salmon, chicken, venison, beef, and pork are often used in dog food. These meats are commonly combined with potatoes, peas, carrots, and other vegetables.

Dogs in Halloween costumes can make us smile, but their dietary needs are no laughing matter.

©Inspired By Maps/Shutterstock.com

Depending on your pet’s dietary needs, there are many dog foods to choose from. There are dog foods to help your pet gain weight and dog food to help them lose weight. There are even dog foods for allergies. Many owners start by first choosing wet vs. dry dog food and going from there. Some of the best dog food options are below:

Some house plants are poisonous to dogs, including Begonia, Poinsettia, and Aloe Vera. Many human food items are indigestible or toxic to dogs, such as chocolate, onion, garlic, macadamia nuts, xylitol, and nicotine. Diet-wise, dogs are omnivores and can handle a diet with more starch in it than a wolf, which is more strictly carnivorous.

dog bowl with peas in it

Dogs can eat meat, grains, fruit, and vegetables.

©New Africa/Shutterstock.com


Dogs have a greater variance in behavioral and physical variation than any other land mammal, including wolves. Dogs have starch gel electrophoresis of red blood cell acid phosphatase. They also have smaller, compressed, and crumpled tympanic bullae. Physically, they have a more domed forehead and “stop” between the nose and forehead.

Wolves have a more prominent temporalis muscle (the muscle that closes the jaws) and do not have dew claws on their back legs. Dogs lack a pre-caudal gland and go into estrus twice instead of once a year. Whereas dogs usually have brown eyes, wolves have amber or pale-colored eyes. Their skin is thicker, and their paws are half the size of those of a wolf.

Dog Exceptions

There are several tribes of the subfamily Caninae. The dog-like tribe Canini is sister to the wolf-like tribe Vulpini. They are in the suborder Caniformia or Canoidea, the dog-like carnivorans. It stands in stark contrast to the cat-like carnivorans, the Feliformia or Feloidea suborder of Carnivora.

Jack Russell terrier dog with donut in front

Dogs have brown eyes; wolves usually have amber-colored eyes.

©Iryna Inshyna/Shutterstock.com

Types of Dogs

Several types of dog groups are classified based on what they were bred to do:

Sporting dogs

Sporting dogs were bred to help their hunters capture and retrieve game birds. Retrievers swim and focus on waterfowl, while setters, spaniels, and pointers hunt game birds. Their coats are often thick and water-repellant to protect against the elements. Some examples of sporting dog breeds are Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, Cocker Spaniel, and German Shorthaired Pointer.

Hound dogs

Hound dogs were bred to chase after warm-blooded, terrestrial prey. They are generally divided into sighthounds, who use speed and vision to chase jackrabbits and antelopes, while scent hounds can use their noses to trail raccoons and people. All have strong prey drives. Some examples of hound dog breeds are Bloodhound, Greyhound, and Dachshund.

basset hound

Hound dogs can follow a scent that is over 48 hours old.


Working dogs

Working dogs were bred to perform tasks such as guarding families or pulling sleds and carts. The Boxer, Great Dane, and Rottweiler and a few examples of working dog breeds.

Herding dogs

Herding dogs are a type of working dog, along with service dogs. While herding dogs help herd livestock, service dogs help people with disabilities. However, they differ in that they were bred specifically to herd livestock, such as sheep, cattle, and reindeer. Some are excellent for police and military work. A few examples of herding dog breeds are Border Collie, German Shepherd, and Icelandic Sheepdog.

herding dog herding a sheep

Herding dogs must have a sharp attention span.


Terrier dogs

Terrier dogs were bred to be small in order to go after vermin hiding in the ground. They include terrier breeds, which have long legs to dig out rodents, and “bully” breeds, which were used for bull-baiting and now make companion dogs. Bull Terrier, Scottish Terrier, and Welsh Terrier are examples of terrier dog breeds. Some terrier breeds, like the Airedale Terrier, Kerry Blue Terrier, and the Irish Terrier, have curly fur.

Toy dogs

Toy dogs were bred for their small size to be companion dogs. They are perfect for city dwellers or anyone living in a small house. A few examples of toy dog breeds are Chihuahua, Pug, and Shih Tzu.

Non-sporting dogs

Non-sporting dogs do not fit into any of the other group types and were bred to be companion animals. The Bulldog, Dalmatian, and toy Poodle are a few examples of non-sporting dogs.

You can check out dogs that can protect you from dangerous animals, like mountain lions, while hiking.

White toy poodle playing in the garden

Toy poodles were bred for companionship.

©Rin Seiko/Shutterstock.com

Dog-wolf hybrids

Dogs share a common ancestor with modern wolves. Many large dog breeds have been bred with wolves, such as malamutes and huskies. Some are sought by private citizens, while others have been used for security work. For example, the Russians in the late 1990s created a breeding program for wolf-dog hybrids called Volkosoby or Volkosob, which are used for border control. See a list of 8 dogs that look like wolves here.

Types of Dogs

A Affenpinscher

First bred in 17th century Germany!

A Afghan Hound
Afghan Hound

First used as a shepherd and hunter!

A Aidi

The Aidi's cheerful personality and relaxed temperament are just two reasons why this dog is a good choice for families with kids.

A Ainu

An innate sense of direction!

A Airedale Terrier
Airedale Terrier

Very intelligent, independent and strong-minded!

A Airedoodle

This is a great pooch for rough-housing and one-to-one.

A Akbash

Often used as a guard dog!

A Akita

Very clean, intelligent and loyal!

A Akita Shepherd
Akita Shepherd

The Akita Shepherd descends from a lineage of working dogs.

A Alabai (Central Asian Shepherd)
Alabai (Central Asian Shepherd)

The Alabai’s genes indicate that this breed has been around for more than 5,000 years.

A Alaskan Husky
Alaskan Husky

The Alaskan Husky is one of the most common sled dogs in the world

A Alaskan Klee Kai
Alaskan Klee Kai

Alaskan Klee Kais love to communicate with their families. In addition to barking, they make other vocalizations, such as yodeling and howling.

A Alaskan Malamute
Alaskan Malamute

Often used as sled dogs!

A Alaskan Shepherd
Alaskan Shepherd

This dog’s Malamute ancestors once came to America across the Bering Strait.

A Alpine Dachsbracke
Alpine Dachsbracke

Good companion and hard-working breed!

A Alusky

An Alusky loves to dig, so make sure your fence is planted deep in the ground to prevent any escapes!

A American Bulldog
American Bulldog

Can jump up to 6ft high!

A American Bully
American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

A American Cocker Spaniel
American Cocker Spaniel

Merry, outgoing, and eager to please!

A American Coonhound
American Coonhound

Easygoing and people-friendly!

A American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo has splendid all white fur and an upturned tail

A American Foxhound
American Foxhound

Sweet, kind, loyal, and very loving!

A American Hairless Terrier
American Hairless Terrier

The American hairless terrier comes in two varieties with one having a very short coat.

A American Leopard Hound
American Leopard Hound

This breed is also known as the American Leopard Cur. The name was formally changed to American Leopard Hound in 2008.

A American Pit Bull Terrier
American Pit Bull Terrier

These dogs are very energetic and would be up for a game at any given point of time

A American Pugabull
American Pugabull

American Pugabulls are medium-sized dogs that weigh between 25 to 70 pounds, and their height measures 12 to 20 inches at the shoulder.

A American Staffordshire Terrier
American Staffordshire Terrier

Bred to be extremely friendly!

A American Water Spaniel
American Water Spaniel

Friendly and intelligent!

A Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Guards it's master's flocks!

A Appenzeller Dog
Appenzeller Dog

Herding dog by nature!

A Apple Head Chihuahua
Apple Head Chihuahua

Apple Head Chihuahuas are toy breed dogs with a history dating back to ancient Mexico. They are lovable, loyal, smart and courageous with a lengthy lifespan despite being the world's smallest canines.

A Armenian Gampr
Armenian Gampr

Old school owners brush their coats with a rake once or twice a week, preventing major matting.

A Aussiedoodle

The breed has its own popular Instagram page (Aussiedoodles Daily)!

A Aussiedor

Aussiedors come in black, brown, cream, yellow, and almost every imaginable color due to their parentage!

A Australian Bulldog
Australian Bulldog

The Aussie is a strong swimmer, a good workout in nice weather.

A Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Cattle Dog

High energy levels and active minds!

A Australian Kelpie Dog
Australian Kelpie Dog

Friendly, intelligent and energetic!

A Australian Labradoodle
Australian Labradoodle

The "Australian" just refers to where the breed originated

A Australian Retriever
Australian Retriever

The Australian Retriever may have two different eye colors.

A Australian Shepherd
Australian Shepherd

Sweet, faithful and affectionate!

A Australian Shepherd Mix
Australian Shepherd Mix

This hybrid has powerful herding skills, which come with guarding instincts, so some Aussiedors may be protective of their loved ones.

A Australian Terrier
Australian Terrier

Spirited, alert and courageous!

A Barbet

This dog has the nickname ‘Mud dog’ because it likes to play in muddy, swamp-like areas.

A Basenji Dog
Basenji Dog

Alert, affectionate and energetic!

A Bassador

This dog is also known as a Bassetdor or a Basset Lab.

A Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Basset Fauve de Bretagne

A friendly and intelligent hunting dog that loves nothing more than to spend time with its owner.

A Basset Hound
Basset Hound

Forget the training when not rewarded!

A Bassetoodle

Basset hounds have been around since the 7th century, but the bassetoodle made its first appearance in the 2000s.

A Bavarian Mountain Hound
Bavarian Mountain Hound

Calm, quiet and poised!

A Bea-Tzu

The Bea-Tzu has a fast-growing coat

A Beabull

An excellent companion for cats!

A Beagador

Beagadors like to dig, so make sure your garden has a good fence around it!

A Beagle

Have become popular family pets!

A Beagle Mix
Beagle Mix

Reagles are the best students as they love to learn new tricks, so training them is a breeze.

A Beagle Shepherd
Beagle Shepherd

This dog can perform a wide range of exotic and acrobatic tricks that are not expected of a dog this size.

A Beaglier

These dogs have great sniffer abilities

A Beago

Beagos are good swimmers like their Golden Retriever parent.

A Bearded Collie
Bearded Collie

Weekly brushing is mandatory!

A Beaski

Beaskis love to play, so get ready to go on plenty of long walks.

A Beauceron

The Beauceron is named after the place of its origin (Beauce) in France

A Bedlington Terrier
Bedlington Terrier

Highly active and intelligent dogs!

A Belgian Malinois Mix
Belgian Malinois Mix

These Belgian Malinois mixes can be scary when they are threatened. But it's important to note that they know when aggression is necessary. In other words, they will not attack unless they sense danger.

A Belgian Shepherd
Belgian Shepherd

The sheepdog is also known as the Groenendael. All four Belgian varieties have nicknames for Belgian villages.

A Belgian Tervuren
Belgian Tervuren

The first breed to win an AKC Herding Championship.

A Bergamasco

Bergamascos are excellent problem solvers; they were bred to be independent as they work alongside their nomadic shepherd owners.

A Berger Picard
Berger Picard

Berger means shepherd in French

A Bernedoodle

The Bernedoodle was first bred in 2003 to create a dog with a similar temperament to the Bernese Mountain Dog that would have a longer lifespan.

A Bernese Mountain Dog
Bernese Mountain Dog

Very loyal, faithful and affectionate!

A Bernese Mountain Dog Mix
Bernese Mountain Dog Mix

This Bernese mountain dog mix gets very attached to its loved ones and demands plenty of attention.

A Bernese Shepherd
Bernese Shepherd

Bernese shepherds prefer cool climates

A Bichon Frise
Bichon Frise

Gentle mannered, playful and affectionate!

A Bichpoo

Despite its small size, the alert nature and sharp bark of this canine make it a good watch dog.

A Biewer Terrier
Biewer Terrier

A toy terrier dog and is elegant and tri-colored.

A Black And Tan Coonhound
Black And Tan Coonhound

This dog has its own unique howl.

A Black Mouth Cur
Black Mouth Cur

From the dog's description in the book, it is believed that Old Yeller was actually a Black Mouth Cur.

A Black Russian Terrier
Black Russian Terrier

Confident, calm and highly intelligent!

A Bloodhound

Affectionate, gentle and even-tempered!

A Blue Lacy Dog
Blue Lacy Dog

Originated in Texas in the mid 1800s!

A Blue Picardy Spaniel
Blue Picardy Spaniel

The Blue Picardy is also known as the Epagneul Bleu de Picardie in French

A Bluetick Coonhound
Bluetick Coonhound

Has an uncanny knack for problem-solving!

A Boggle

Boggles at animal rescues are often mistaken for pitbulls because they have a similar facial structure.

A Boglen Terrier
Boglen Terrier

Boglen terriers are also occasionally known as boggles.

A Bolognese Dog
Bolognese Dog

From the northern Italian city of Bologna!

A Borador

Boradors make excellent police dogs and are used often on search and rescue missions.

A Border Collie
Border Collie

Highly intelligent and alert breed!

A Border Collie Mix
Border Collie Mix

Because the border collsky's parent breeds were hardworking dogs, mainly used to herd animals and pull sleds, they will need proper socialization to cope with new people.

A Border Terrier
Border Terrier

Small, rough-coated breed of terrier!

A Bordoodle

Bordoodles are much quieter than other Doodles and require far less exercise.

A Borkie

Most Borkies inherit the signature howl of their Beagle parent.

A Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier

Friendly, lovable and very strong!

A Bouvier Des Flandres
Bouvier Des Flandres

A Bouvier cannot achieve a champion title in Belgium unless it has already won a prize as a working police or military dog.

A Boxachi

A Boxachi’s size can vary, so you won’t know how big they will get unless you adopt an adult. However, 40 pounds is the maximum weight they can reach.

A Boxador

Boxadors are extremely smart and catch onto backyard games very quickly!

A Boxer Dog
Boxer Dog

Bright, energetic and playful!

A Boxer Mix
Boxer Mix

If cared for properly, boxadors can live for 10 to 15 years.

A Boxerdoodle

The Boxerdoodle has a strong hunting dog lineage.

A Boxsky

Boxers were bred to be working war dogs, and their boxsky descendants still love to help out on ranches and other outdoor jobs.

A Boxweiler

Boxweilers come in a variety of colors, but they usually feature the subtle brindle pattern that their boxer parents are so famous for.

A Boykin Spaniel
Boykin Spaniel

Enthusiastic working dog!

A Braque du Bourbonnais
Braque du Bourbonnais

This breed almost went extinct during the World Wars but was revived in the 1970s.

A Braque Francais
Braque Francais

The Braque Francais will not warn you of any potential threats but, instead, will try to befriend the stranger.

A Brazilian Terrier
Brazilian Terrier

Small body and tri-coloured coat!

A Brittany

The breed was formerly known as the Brittany spaniel

A Brug

These small, confident dogs have no fear of approaching much larger dogs.

A Brussels Griffon
Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon prefers to live with another dog so they have a companion to play with.

A Bull and Terrier
Bull and Terrier

Bull and Terriers were explicitly bred for bull-baiting, a savage blood sport where certain dog breeds would attack an angered bull tied to a pole.

A Bull Terrier
Bull Terrier

Needs to be kept active!

A Bullboxer

Bullboxers have several different breed nicknames, including the pitoxer, bullboxer pit, and the American bull boxer.

A Bulldog

Friendly, loving and docile!

A Bulldog Mix
Bulldog Mix

Bulladors are notorious for having the best traits and mannerisms from both parents, as they are usually friendly, playful, and sociable.

A Bullmastiff

Courageous, loyal and calm!

A Cairn Terrier
Cairn Terrier

Intelligent, lively and strong!

A Canaan Dog
Canaan Dog

Has a strong survival instinct!

A Cane Corso
Cane Corso

Cane Corsos nearly became extinct in the mid 1900’s, but the breed was revived by a group of Italians. Even so, they still didn’t become known in many other parts of the world until after 1988.

A Carolina Dog
Carolina Dog

Wild dog breed discovered in the 1970s!

A Catahoula Bulldog
Catahoula Bulldog

Catahoula bulldogs are a medium to large-sized breed and weighs between 75 to 100 pounds!

A Catahoula Leopard
Catahoula Leopard

The state of Louisiana's only native dog breed

A Catalan Sheepdog
Catalan Sheepdog

This breed is called the Gos d’Atura Catala in native Catalan and Pastor Catalan in Spanish, both of which roughly translate to mean Catalan Sheepdog

A Caucasian Mountain Dog (Shepherd)
Caucasian Mountain Dog (Shepherd)

The Caucasian mountain dog may look intimidating, but they are actually gentle, affectionate, and loyal family companions

A Caucasian Shepherd
Caucasian Shepherd

These former bear-hunting dogs are used today as prison guard dogs in Russia.

A Cava Tzu
Cava Tzu

Females are more territorial than males, but you can train this behavior out of them.

A Cavador

A great companion for the whole family!

A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Highly playful and affectionate!

A Cavapoo

The temperament of a Cavapoo allows this breed to make an excellent family dog as well as a great therapy dog.

A Cesky Fousek
Cesky Fousek

An affectionate hunting dog!

A Cesky Terrier
Cesky Terrier

This breed is also known as the Bohemian Terrier (Bohemia was an historical Medieval kingdom and a region of the modern Czech Republic)

A Cheagle

Some Cheagles have an excellent sense of smell.

A Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Bright and happy disposition!

A Chihuahua

Curious and devoted personality!

A Chihuahua Mix
Chihuahua Mix

Chihuahua mixes are referred to as lap dogs because they enjoy affection.

A Chinese Crested Dog
Chinese Crested Dog

A hairless breed of dog!

A Chinese Shar-Pei
Chinese Shar-Pei

These dogs have blue and black tongues!

A Chinook

A calm and friendly breed!

A Chipit

While good with older children, the chipit does not like other pets unless they were socialized from a young age.

A Chipoo

The Chipoo was first bred in the 1970s

A Chiweenie

Chiweenies travel especially well.

A Chorkie

Chorkies are very fond of their owners and will love to sit in their laps for long amounts of time!

A Chow Chow
Chow Chow

Loyal and affectionate to it's family!

A Chow Shepherd
Chow Shepherd

The Chow Shepherd is also known as the Sheprachow.

A Chusky

While Chuskies tend to gravitate towards one person in the household, one of their best qualities is their ability to get along with children of all ages.

A Clumber Spaniel
Clumber Spaniel

Has a thick, soft coat!

A Cockalier

The Cockalier has very strong hunting ancestry.

A Cockapoo

Cockapoos became popular in the 1960s as a sweet, family dog.

A Collie

Gentle and devoted!

A Comfort Retriever
Comfort Retriever

Comfort Retrievers can carry an egg in their mouths without breaking the shell because they have very soft mouths.

A Corgidor

Corgidors are herding dogs that typically help out on cattle farms.

A Corgipoo

These dogs are highly intelligent and are easy to train.

A Corkie

One of the Corkie’s parent breeds, the Cocker Spaniel, was thought to have come over on the Mayflower.

A Corman Shepherd
Corman Shepherd

Corman Shepherds can be great watchdogs and are often very protective of their owners.

A Coton de Tulear
Coton de Tulear

The soft coat of the Coton de Tulear is the result of a singular genetic mutation early in the breed's development.

A Croatian Sheepdog
Croatian Sheepdog

They are an ancient breed dating back to the 7th century and made their way to Croatian lands giving them the name Croatian Sheep Dog.

A Curly Coated Retriever
Curly Coated Retriever

A lively and fun-loving breed!

A Czechoslovakian Wolfdog
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

This breed is also known as the Czechoslovakian Vlcak (the name for the German Shepherd).

A Dachsador

This hybrid dog is also known as a Doxador or a Weinerdor.

A Dachshund

Fun and playful breed of small dog!

A Dachshund Mix
Dachshund Mix

This Dachshund mix is generally not suited for multi-pet homes because of their high prey drive.

A Dalmadoodle

Dalmatians were originally bred to run alongside carriages, and their dalmadoodle descendents have the same long legs and high energy.

A Dalmador

Dalmador breeding skyrocketed after the 16 release of the live-action 101 Dalmatians movie.

A Dalmatian

Have an energetic and playful nature!

A Dalmatian Mix
Dalmatian Mix

These canine’s spots are distinctive in their placement, including different shaped markings, making them unique.

A Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Dandie Dinmont Terrier

The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is the only breed recognized by the AKC that is named after a literary character.

A Dapple Dachshund
Dapple Dachshund

A Dapple Dachshund’s dappling pattern may be just one spot, or it may be numerous spots and splashes on their coat.

A Daug

Because the Daug is so rare, they fetch a pretty penny. Dog lovers can pay up to $3,000 for one of these pups!

A Deer Head Chihuahua
Deer Head Chihuahua

The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world.

A Deutsche Bracke
Deutsche Bracke

Has long drop ears and a long narrow tail!

A Doberman Pinscher
Doberman Pinscher

A gentle, loyal and loving breed!

A Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

A Dogo Argentino
Dogo Argentino

Loyal and affectionate to their family!

A Dogue De Bordeaux
Dogue De Bordeaux

Extremely loyal and devoted to it's master!

A Dorgi

The Dorgi is one of the more popular mixed breed dogs.

A Dorkie

Dorkies are so laid-back they sometimes need extra incentive to exercise each day.

A Double Doodle
Double Doodle

Exact origin unknown.

A Doxiepoo

Doxiepoos are an unpredictable breed that can come in a variety of appearances and sizes.

A Doxle

Doxles have long floppy ears

A Drever

Uncommon outside of Europe!

A Dunker

A friendly and relaxed dog!

A English Bulldog
English Bulldog

Bulldogs were originally bred to “pin” bulls.

A English Cocker Spaniel
English Cocker Spaniel

Intelligent yet stubborn by nature!

A English Cream Golden Retriever
English Cream Golden Retriever

Although their coats can get incredibly light in color, golden retrievers never have purely white coats.

A English Foxhound
English Foxhound

English Foxhounds were bred to work and live in a pack. Because of this, this breed is happiest when they are around other dogs.

A English Setter
English Setter

English Setters were first bred between 400 and 500 years ago.

A English Shepherd
English Shepherd

Highly intelligent and independent!

A English Springer Spaniel
English Springer Spaniel

Friendly and eager to please!

A Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Native to parts of the Swiss Alps!

A Epagneul Pont Audemer
Epagneul Pont Audemer

Hard-working, gentle and affectionate!

A Eskimo Dog
Eskimo Dog

Takes pure delight in cold weather!

A Eskipoo

Eskipoos are called pookimos by the American Canine Hybrid Club, Designer Dogs Kennel Club, and Designer Breed Registry.

A Estrela Mountain Dog
Estrela Mountain Dog

Very protective and stubborn!

A Feist

The word feisty derived from this type of dog.

A Field Spaniel
Field Spaniel

A sociable and adaptable breed!

A Fila Brasileiro
Fila Brasileiro

The breed has a unique, cat-like gait, while females have a finer gait than males.

A Finnish Lapphund
Finnish Lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund was bred to herd reindeer!

A Finnish Spitz
Finnish Spitz

Likes to bark a lot!

A Flat-Coated Retriever
Flat-Coated Retriever

A game retrieving gun-dog!

A Formosan Mountain Dog
Formosan Mountain Dog

Formosa is the Portuguese term for the island of Taiwan

A Fox Terrier
Fox Terrier

First bred in the mid-19th century!

A French Bulldog
French Bulldog

French bulldogs are known to be very sensitive, harboring emotions that they love to express

A French Bulldog Mix
French Bulldog Mix

If successfully socialized and trained from a young age, these pups grow into well-mannered and friendly dogs that get along with children of all ages and other pets.

A Frenchton

Loyal small dogs, the Frenchton will keep you warm at night with loving cuddles, but also awake with their funny loud snoring!

A Frengle

Frengles have a haunting howl very similar to their Beagle parent.

A Gerberian Shepsky
Gerberian Shepsky

Gerberian Shepskies are popular choices for police dogs!

A German Longhaired Pointer
German Longhaired Pointer

German Longhaired Pointers are excellent hunters-tracking, pointing, and retrieving game over land and water. They can jump up six feet high and make wonderful emotional support dogs!

A German Pinscher
German Pinscher

Highly intelligent and fast learners!

A German Shepherd Guide
German Shepherd Guide

Highly active and fearless dogs!

A German Shepherd Mix
German Shepherd Mix

These German shepherd mixes require a lot of mental stimulation; if they don't get it, they can become destructive.

A German Sheppit
German Sheppit

The German Sheppit is well-suited for guarding and police work.

A German Sheprador
German Sheprador

There is a chance that the German Sheprador may inherit a love for water from its parent.

A German Shorthaired Pointer
German Shorthaired Pointer

German Shorthaired Pointers are used by the Air Force, TSA, and other organizations to sniff out explosives.

A German Spitz
German Spitz

There are five different sub-breeds of the German Spitz.

A Giant Schnauzer
Giant Schnauzer

Large, powerful and dominant!

A Giant Schnoodle
Giant Schnoodle

Both parents of the Giant Schnoodle are hypoallergenic, making this one of the Doodle breeds that's safest for dander-sensitive owners.

A Glechon

Glechons are talented in the area of search and rescue, as their sense of smell makes them great at tracking.

A Glen Of Imaal Terrier
Glen Of Imaal Terrier

This dog is also named the Wicklow Terrier after the county of its origin.

A Goberian

These dogs are great around children and are very playful around them.

A Goldador

Goldadors were not intentionally bred until the early 2000s!

A Golden Dox
Golden Dox

Golden doxes don't have to be tiny. This breed looks different depending on whether the mix includes a regular dachshund or the mini version of the species.

A Golden Irish
Golden Irish

They can be known as Velcro dogs because they like sticking around and are always near their owners.

A Golden Newfie
Golden Newfie

These dogs love to swim and instinctively know how to swim.

A Golden Pyrenees
Golden Pyrenees

Golden Pyrenees make great therapy dogs due to their intelligence and gentle nature.

A Golden Retriever
Golden Retriever

Trusting, kind and gentle!

A Golden Retriever Mix
Golden Retriever Mix

While gollies make good watchdogs since they generally bark when there is a newcomer at the door, they are not the best guard dogs. Instead of intimidating the stranger, they typically run up to the intruder and greet them with a waggy tail.

A Golden Saint
Golden Saint

Golden saints come in all kinds of colors. You can find them in tan, chocolate, yellow, brindled, spotted, and almost any other pattern you can think of.

A Golden Shepherd
Golden Shepherd

The Golden Shepherds were first recognized by the International Designer Canine Registry in 2009.

A Goldendoodle

Due to their breeding, no two Goldendoodles are alike.

A Gollie

They bark at strangers, cars, and loud noises like airplanes.

A Gordon Setter
Gordon Setter

It's the largest and heaviest breed of setter.

A Great Dane
Great Dane

Large and imposing in appearance!

A Great Dane Mix
Great Dane Mix

Great Dane mixed breed dogs tend to have a longer lifespan than Great Dane purebreds.

A Great Danoodle
Great Danoodle

Both Great Danes and Poodles are in the top 15 most popular AKC breeds - which makes Great Danoodles a shoo-in for popularity.

A Great Pyrenees Mix
Great Pyrenees Mix

The collie Pyrenees is quite expensive, with puppies from reputable breeders starting at $1000. However, depending on the pedigree, and breeder, they can fetch twice that price.

A Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Protective and gentle by nature!

A Greenland Dog
Greenland Dog

Strong and speedy breed of dog!

A Greyhound

Extremely fast and athletic!

A Griffonshire

Griffonshires are so little they are easily mistaken for puppies throughout their lives.

A Groenendael

These dogs are highly trainable and can learn excellent manners!

A Harrier

Cheerful, tolerant and sweet-tempered!

A Havamalt

These pups need natural oils to keep their skin healthy; bathing them often will dry out their skin, so only wash them when necessary.

A Havanese

These are the only dogs that are native to Cuba

A Havapoo

The exact appearance of a Havapoo can vary based on whether the genes of its Poodle or Havanese parent are more dominant.

A Havashire

Both of the Havashire’s parent breeds were very popular among the upper classes.

A Havashu

Their front legs are shorter than their back legs, giving them a unique, tilted physique.

A Hokkaido

Known for its bravery and ability to withstand the cold.

A Horgi

Horgis have a silly side and love to be the center of attention.

A Huntaway

Huntaways have a strong instinct for herding.

A Huskador

Huskadors are gaining in popularity as service dogs.

A Huskita

Huskitas prefer a consistent daily routine with lots of activity.

A Husky

To communicate, Siberian Huskies rarely bark but instead create their own music and howl.

A Husky Jack
Husky Jack

Due to the mix of genes, a Husky Jack’s coat may be a variety of colors including black, gray, white, red, sable, or mixed colors.

A Huskydoodle

Huskydoodles are known for their jumping abilities!

A Ibizan Hound
Ibizan Hound

Intelligent, active and engaging by nature!

A Icelandic Sheepdog
Icelandic Sheepdog

The Icelandic Sheepdog is the only dog breed entirely native to Iceland.

A Irish Doodle
Irish Doodle

Irish Doodles can be very active dogs, but they also love just hanging out with their family members in the house.

A Irish Setter
Irish Setter

Has a beautiful coat that's flowing and feathered!

A Irish Terrier
Irish Terrier

An average 300 Irish Terrier puppies are born each year in the United States.

A Irish Water Spaniel
Irish Water Spaniel

They are the only known dogs with a purple hue!

A Irish WolfHound
Irish WolfHound

Sweet-tempered, patient and thoughtful!

A Italian Greyhound
Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound is a miniature dog with a big motor and personality!

A Jack Russells
Jack Russells

Intelligent, athletic and fearless!

A Jack-Chi

The Jack-Chi dog is known as the yapping dog because of its insistent bark.

A Jackabee

A good choice for owners who want an exercise companion!

A Japanese Chin
Japanese Chin

Alert, intelligent and independent!

A Japanese Spitz
Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz is sometimes referred to as a cloud dog.

A Japanese Terrier
Japanese Terrier

Japanese Terriers are also called Nippon Terriers

A Kai Ken
Kai Ken

Kai Ken are a very rare breed of dog from Japan, though pure breeds are even harder to come by.

A Kangal Shepherd Dog
Kangal Shepherd Dog

Can run up to 35 miles per hour (56km).

A Keagle

These adorable dogs are known for their love of children, strangers, and other animals because of their docile demeanor.

A Keeshond

Friendly, alert dogs that are loyal to their owners

A Kerry Blue Terrier
Kerry Blue Terrier

They are born black, and turn gray-blue as they age.

A King Shepherd
King Shepherd

This hybrid breed is the largest among the shepherd class.

A Kishu

Once raised to hunt dangerous game like boar, today's kishu ken are more likely to be used as guard dogs.

A Kooikerhondje

If Kooikerhondjes look familiar, it’s because old Dutch masters like Rembrandt and Jan Steen liked to paint them.

A Koolie

The name "koolie" comes from the German mispronunciation of "collie."

A Korean Jindo
Korean Jindo

At the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, Jindos marched in the opening ceremonies.

A Kuvasz

Ownership of this dog was once restricted to the Hungarian nobility

A Labahoula

The AKC does not recognize this breed or the parent breed Catahoula

A Labmaraner

Loves to participate in activities.

A Labrabull

Labrabulls are incredibly clever, and training them is easy because they love to please and don't have a stubborn bone in their body.

A Labradane

Labradanes can come with both sold-color coats and the more exciting patterns that you typically see on Great Danes.

A Labradoodle

Friendly and energetic mix-breed!

A Labrador Retriever
Labrador Retriever

Well-balanced, friendly and versatile!

A Labraheeler

A Labraheeler is a good choice for a watchdog as it do whatever it can to keep its family safe!

A Labrottie

Labrotties will goof around clownishly to get laughs and attention.

A Lagotto Romagnolo
Lagotto Romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo is the only internationally recognized purebred truffle-hunting dog.

A Lakeland Terrier
Lakeland Terrier

These dogs were once used by farmers to keep foxes away from herds of sheep.

A Lancashire Heeler
Lancashire Heeler

The name “heeler” comes from the fact that it nips at the heels of cattle to herd them.

A Landseer Newfoundland
Landseer Newfoundland

While Landseer's are very gentle and calm, they can sense a dangerous situation and will protect their loved ones.

A Lapponian Herder
Lapponian Herder

This breed is also known as the Lapp Reindeer Dog and the Lapsk Vallhund.

A Large Munsterlander
Large Munsterlander

Some people might find the Large Munsterlander too lively for their family, but they are actually very gentle with children and make fantastic family pets.

A Leonberger

This dog has been used for pulling carts full of goods.

A Lhasa Apso
Lhasa Apso

The Lhasa Apso was often given as a gift in Tibetan culture

A Lhasapoo

A Lhasapoo’s coat can be curly like a poodle’s or long and silky like a Lhasa Apso’s.

A Long-Haired Rottweiler
Long-Haired Rottweiler

Rottweilers have a tendency to snore.

A Lowchen

This breed is also known as the "Little Lion Dog" for their bravery and manes.

A Mal Shi
Mal Shi

They are very needy dogs and can suffer from separation anxiety.

A Malchi

The Malchi is not a purebred but a crossbreed and relatively new on the scene. That’s why they are not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) or any other canine organization.

A Malteagle

Malteagles are one of the smallest beagle hybrids and love to follow their owners everywhere.

A Maltese

Originally bred in Europe!

A Maltese Shih Tzu
Maltese Shih Tzu

Both parent breeds, the Maltese and Shih Tzu, once entertained royalty!

A Maltipom

Maltipoms from the same litter may not look alike, favoring one parent over the other (Pomeranian or Maltese).

A Maltipoo

Maltipoos may have one of three different coat types depending on the specific genes they inherit from their parents. These include silky, curly, or wavy.

A Manchester Terrier
Manchester Terrier

Fences are no match for Manchester terriers. They’re great escape artists!

A Mastador

The Mastador gets its enormous size from its Mastiff parent.

A Mastiff

Courageous, calm and affectionate!

A Mastiff Mix
Mastiff Mix

Don't let the boxmas's intimidating appearance and size fool you; they are actually gentle giants with even temperaments.

A Mauzer

Mauzers tend to bond with a specific person in the home and will follow them like a shadow.

A Meagle

The Meagle has an incredible sense of smell.

A Miki

They can be trained to use the litter box like a cat!

A Mini Labradoodle
Mini Labradoodle

The first mini labradoodle was bred in the early 1990s - almost immediately after standard labradoodles became popular.

A Miniature Bull Terrier
Miniature Bull Terrier

This dog has a very happy-go-lucky temperament.

A Miniature Husky
Miniature Husky

The Miniature Husky has a double coat that it sheds twice annually. Also, some people confuse them with Alaskan Klee Kai, which have similar blue eyes.

A Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher

Stable rodents were kept in check by using it as a barnyard ratter.

A Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

A Morkie

A Morkie puppy can weigh as little as 4 ounces.

A Moscow Watchdog
Moscow Watchdog

This Molosser-type dog is the Russian cousin of St. Bernard.

A Mountain Feist
Mountain Feist

Mountain Feists were bred in the southern United States as a dog that could help with hunting small game.

A Mudi

Mudi dogs have a reputation for being able to control a herd of 500 sheep.

A Neapolitan Mastiff
Neapolitan Mastiff

Fearless and extremely protective of it's home!

A Newfoundland

Introduced by Vikings more than 1,000 years ago!

A Newfypoo

Newfypoos have a thick oily coat that can be hard to groom.

A Norfolk Terrier
Norfolk Terrier

Fearless but not aggressive!

A Norrbottenspets

Getting your hands on one of these pups might be a challenging task. At one point, the breed was on the brink of extinction.

A Norwegian Buhund
Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund once worked on Norse homesteads

A Norwegian Elkhound
Norwegian Elkhound

This breed traveled with the Vikings!

A Norwegian Lundehund
Norwegian Lundehund

This breed is also called the Norsk Lundehund and the Norwegian Puffin Dog

A Norwich Terrier
Norwich Terrier

Though Norwich terriers are small, they have a reputation for being feisty.

A Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

The Toller is one of only two breeds that hunters use as decoys while hunting.

A Old English Sheepdog
Old English Sheepdog

Intelligent, sociable and playful!

A Ori-Pei

Ori-Pei's are born with short noses, which causes them to grunt and make a lot of noise when they breathe.

A Otterhound

Otterhounds have webbed feet making them great swimmers!

A Papillon

Originally called the Toy Spaniel, the Papillon is one of the oldest breeds in the toy group. They can be found in artwork dating back to the 16th century.

A Parson Russell Terrier
Parson Russell Terrier

The root stock of the breed was a dog named Trump

A Parti Schnauzer
Parti Schnauzer

Parti Schnauzers are great pest controllers. They were bred to catch rodents, so if you have a rat problem, they might be the pet for you.

A Patterdale Terrier
Patterdale Terrier

A Patterdale Terrier’s small body structure allows it to squeeze into fox burrows.

A Peagle

Most Peagles love playing with children and can be very gentle and affectionate!

A Pekingese

Thought to be over 2,000 years old!

A Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a favorite breed of Queen Elizabeth II

A Perro De Presa Canario
Perro De Presa Canario

The breed has feet like a cat, with rounded toes that are not too close together. His unique feet give him a distinctive, long, elastic stride.

A Peruvian Inca Orchid
Peruvian Inca Orchid

The Peruvian Inca Orchid is the national dog of Peru

A Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen
Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

A small dog with a big, lively personality.

A Petite Goldendoodle
Petite Goldendoodle

Like their purebred parents, these dogs love the water!

A Pharaoh Hound
Pharaoh Hound

The blushing dog of Malta.

A Picardy Spaniel
Picardy Spaniel

Picardy spaniels are one of the few working dogs that do well in apartments as long as they get their long walks every day.

A Piebald Dachshund
Piebald Dachshund

Hotdogs were originally called "Dachshund sausages" because they resembled the dachshund's wiener-like body!

A Pit Bull
Pit Bull

It is a myth that pit bulls have locking jaws.

A Pitador

There are several names for this breed, including the Labrabull or the Pitador Retriever.

A Pitsky

Most Pitskies will do best as the only pet in a home. They may become aggressive with other dogs (especially two unneutered male dogs) and could try to chase or catch small pets due to their higher prey drive.

A Plott Hound Mix
Plott Hound Mix

While the Plott hound is the state dog of North Carolina, it is a very rare breed and not well-known in other states.

A Pocket Beagle
Pocket Beagle

Queen Elizabeth I of England once owned several Pocket Beagles!

A Pocket Pitbull
Pocket Pitbull

The smaller size of the Pocket Pitbull made it better suited for fleeing game as compared to larger Foxhounds.

A Podenco Canario
Podenco Canario

It has a peculiar bark that locals refer to as "the song of the rabbit".

A Pointer

An independent, loyal and high energy breed!

A Pointer Mix
Pointer Mix

One of the best things about owning a pointer pit is its low-maintenance requirements.

A Polish Lowland Sheepdog
Polish Lowland Sheepdog

Despite having shaggy hair that covers its eyes, this dog is known for its watchful gaze when guarding a herd.

A Polish Tatra Sheepdog
Polish Tatra Sheepdog

This gigantic breed is known for its guardian skills, but they are non-aggressive and always manage to stay calm towards people and animals.

A Pomapoo

Pomapoos like companionship and do not like being alone. They may do better in a home with other dogs.

A Pomchi

A deliberate cross like the Pomchi is commonly referred to as a designer dog

A Pomeagle

Pomeagles are sweet and fun dogs that like to spend time exploring their environment.

A Pomeranian

The ancestors of the Pomeranian were sled dogs.

A Pomsky

The howls and barks of a Pomsky can sound like singing

A Poochon

The Poochon was first bred in Australia.

A Poodle

Intelligent, alert and active!

A Poogle

The Poogle is one of 40 different doodle dog breeds (poodle mixes).

A Pudelpointer

Like their poodle parent, Pudelpointers love to swim in pools!

A Pug

Fun and sociable, yet stubborn!

A Pug Mix
Pug Mix

The puggle is a heavy shedder, so to control any unwanted hair, owners must brush their pug mix at least twice a week.

A Pugapoo

The pugapoo is the fusion of a pug and a poodle.

A Puggle

These dogs are active and are often patient around children.

A Pugshire

With their incredible desire to show affection, Pugshire make great lap dogs.

A Pumi

Pumik developed their loud bark to communicate with shepherds at long distances.

A Pyrador

Most popular as a companion pet!

A Pyredoodle

Pyredoodles can have a thick double coat or a thinner single coat.

A Raggle

Raggles are known for their energy and curiosity.

A Rat Terrier
Rat Terrier

Rat terriers were popular with farmers before 1930 because of their ability to kill rodents.

A Redbone Coonhound
Redbone Coonhound

Originally bred to track raccoons.

A Rotterman

Rottermans are the perfect breed for search and rescue training, and they make excellent guard dogs.

A Rottsky

Many Rottskies have one brown eye and one blue eye.

A Rottweiler

Strong, loyal and self-assured!

A Rottweiler Mix
Rottweiler Mix

This Rottweiler mix is devoted to its loved ones and usually forms a strong bond with its primary caregiver

A Russell Terrier
Russell Terrier

The Russell Terrier was bred to be a good fox hunter with a keen sense of smell

A Russian Bear Dog
Russian Bear Dog

The bite of a Russian Bear Dog is stronger than a lion’s bite.

A Sable Black German Shepherd
Sable Black German Shepherd

According to the American Kennel Club, the German Shepherd is the second most popular breed in the United States

A Saint Bernard
Saint Bernard

Gentle, loyal and friendly!

A Saint Shepherd
Saint Shepherd

These dogs have an eager-to-please attitude, making them sweet and happy pets.

A Saluki

The Saluki is one of the fastest dog breeds in the world.

A Sapsali

Natives know this breed as the "ghost hunter" because they believe these dogs can ward off evil spirits.

A Schapendoes

The Schapendoes numbers decreased significantly during the Second World War, along with many other European Sheepdog breeds.

A Schipperke

Schipperkes were used to hunt and kill rodents on Belgian ships.

A Schneagle

This hybrid dog is a great companion and doesn’t do well being left alone but is suitable for apartments or houses with backyards!

A Scotch Collie
Scotch Collie

Scotch collies are one of the oldest collie breeds and were eventually bred to create the more popular border collie!

A Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

This breed is nicknamed the “Diehard” because of its iron will and steely determination.

A Sealyham Terrier
Sealyham Terrier

Very endangered breed that is scion of several breeds that include one that is already extinct

A Sheepadoodle

Sheepadoodles were first bred as an experiment for use as a military dog in the Army in the 1960s, however they didn’t really gain popularity until 2007.

A Shepadoodle

Some police officers with allergies use Shepadoodles as their K-9 partner

A Shepkita

These dogs can sometimes be overly aggressive.

A Shepweiler

The Shepweiler is an excellent guard dog.

A Shetland Sheepdog
Shetland Sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdogs are one of the most successful breeds at obedience trials.

A Shiba Inu
Shiba Inu

Shiba Inus are one of six native dog breeds from Japan.

A Shichi

Shichi barely reach 10 inches tall and weigh around 9 to 16 pounds.

A Shih Tzu
Shih Tzu

Can live for up to 15 years!

A Shih Tzu Mix
Shih Tzu Mix

Despite having long, flowing hair, Shih Tzus and many of their hybrids are hypoallergenic.

A Shikoku

This dog was declared a Japanese Natural Monument in 1937.

A Shiranian

The Shiranian is an affectionate, loving, and social dog but requires continuous human companionship to stay well-adjusted and happy.

A Shollie

Shollies are a fairly new type of crossbreed!

A Siberian Husky
Siberian Husky

Is adequately warm in sub-zero temperatures!

A Siberian Retriever
Siberian Retriever

Many husky Labs have one blue eye and one brown eye.

A Siberpoo

Although a lack of documentation makes it unclear, the first Siberpoo was probably bred in either the 1970s or 1980s.

A Silky Terrier
Silky Terrier

Silky terriers can be trained to participate in many events, including herding, agility, rally, tracking and fly ball.

A Silver Labrador
Silver Labrador

The Labrador is the most popular breed in the United States and most of these dogs have blue eyes at a young age, before they turn another color.

A Skye Terrier
Skye Terrier

Skye terriers are the oldest terrier breed, dating back at least 400 years.

A Smooth Fox Terrier
Smooth Fox Terrier

These dogs are known for their fast digging abilities.

A Snorkie

Snorkies are known for their funny, attention-getting antics.

A Spanador

The Spanador is a good swimmer.

A Spanish Mastiff
Spanish Mastiff

Diego Velázquez’s famous 17th century painting of the Infanta and her dwarves includes a portrait of a Spanish Mastiff.

A Spanish Water Dog
Spanish Water Dog

Spanish water dogs are popular with fishermen and hunters to retrieve game from the water.

A Spinone Italiano
Spinone Italiano

They're one of the oldest hunting breeds on Earth.

A Springerdoodle

Easygoing, intelligent, and active, the springerdoodle just loves being around people!

A Stabyhoun

It is a versatile, all-around working breed and pet.

A Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Known for their loyalty to their family!

A Standard Schnauzer
Standard Schnauzer

This dog’s facial hair makes it look like it has a beard.

A Swedish Elkhound
Swedish Elkhound

Swedish Elkhounds existed in prehistoric times!

A Swedish Lapphund
Swedish Lapphund

"The Black Beauty of Norrland"

A Taco Terrier
Taco Terrier

Taco terriers are known by a variety of names, including the Chitoxy Toy and the Chiwoxy.

A Teacup Chihuahua
Teacup Chihuahua

Teacup Chihuahuas are not a separate breed but result from breeding the smallest pups from litters.

A Teacup Maltese
Teacup Maltese

Greeks used to build tombs for their Maltese.

A Teacup Poodle
Teacup Poodle

The teacup poodle is the smallest poodle breed!

A Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
Teddy Roosevelt Terrier

The breed was named in President Theodore Roosevelt's honor when it was officially recognized in 1999.

A Tenterfield Terrier
Tenterfield Terrier

These terriers have quick minds and fast feet making them excellent for agility competitions.

A Terrier

Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.

A Texas Heeler
Texas Heeler

Though they are loyal to their family, these dogs can be shy around strangers.

A Thai Ridgeback
Thai Ridgeback

In their native Thailand, Thai Ridgebacks were used to hunt cobras.

A Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff

Originally bred in the Himalayan mountains!

A Tibetan Spaniel
Tibetan Spaniel

Originally bred to be a companion dog in Tibetan Buddhist lamaseries.

A Tibetan Terrier
Tibetan Terrier

Tibetan terriers have round, flat, “snow shoe” feet that evolved to give them traction on snowy Himalayan paths

A Torkie

The Torkie is alert and very vocal so it makes a great watchdog.

A Tornjak

Tornjaks are very adaptable and can live harmoniously in packs as they get along well with other dogs.

A Toy Fox Terrier
Toy Fox Terrier

Hunters use the toy fox terrier to go into a fox's den and flush the animal out.

A Toy Poodle
Toy Poodle

The word poodle is derived from German, and it means "to splash" or "puddle."

A Transylvanian Hound
Transylvanian Hound

The Transylvanian Hound is also known as the Erdelyi Kopo in Hungarian

A Treeing Tennessee Brindle
Treeing Tennessee Brindle

Coarse baying cries during the hunt changes at the tree

A Treeing Walker Coonhound
Treeing Walker Coonhound

In addition to raccoons, these dogs can track bears, bobcats, cougars, and deer with ease.

A Turnspit

The turnspit was a small breed, weighing between 15 to 25 pounds and measuring 8 to 12 inches tall.

A Valley Bulldog
Valley Bulldog

These dogs cannot swim well because of their stocky build and short legs.

A Vizsla

Vizsla means searcher or tracker in Hungarian

A Volpino Italiano
Volpino Italiano

Almost went extinct before American Eskimo Dog breeders showed interest.

A Weimaraner

The Weimaraner is nicknamed the gray ghost.

A Weimardoodle

This dog is also known as the Weimarpoo, the Weimaranerpoo, and the Weimaranerdoodle.

A Welsh Corgi
Welsh Corgi

There are two distinct breeds!

A Welsh Springer Spaniel
Welsh Springer Spaniel

Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.

A Welsh Terrier
Welsh Terrier

The Welsh Terrier has the strength and tenacity to take on foxes and badgers.

A West Highland Terrier
West Highland Terrier

Most commonly white in colour!

A Westiepoo

This dog is known for cocking its head in a curious manner when listening to its owner.

A Wheaten Terrier
Wheaten Terrier

Originally bred as a farm dog, the Wheaten Terrier can be very protective of its domain.

A Whippet

Quiet, gentle and restful dogs!

A White German Shepherd
White German Shepherd

It was once thought that White German Shepherds were albinos, but that is not the case. Its white coat is part of the overall German Shepherd genetic composition.

A Whoodle

Whoodles are good swimmers

A Wire Fox Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier

The Wire Fox Terrier was bred from the now extinct Rough Coated Black and Tan Terrier to hunt down foxes.

A Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

A Wirehaired Pointing Griffon’s coat makes it look like it has a mustache and beard!

A Xoloitzcuintli

The Xoloitzcuintli is the national dog of Mexico

A Yakutian Laika
Yakutian Laika

The Yakute people were likely the first to use dogs to pull sleds, so the Yakutian Laika was probably among the first sled dogs.

A Yoranian

These dogs are very intelligent and are great with children.

A Yorkie Bichon
Yorkie Bichon

Yorkie Bichons can come in a wide range of colors including black, white, blonde, gray, golden, or dark brown.

A Yorkiepoo

The Yorkie-Poo originated from the hybrid poodle phase of the late 20th century

A Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

Highly energetic and eager for adventure!

A Zuchon

The breed often changes colors throughout its life, with its puppy coat becoming lighter over the first few years of life, then darkening as he ages.

List of Dog Breeds

Dog Breeds by Letter Pages

Even More Information on Dog Breeds

There are so many fascinating things to learn about dogs! Which breeds are the smartest or most expensive? Which dog breeds are the best choices for apartment living or emotional support? What are the best names for a yellow dog versus a white dog? Here are some additional articles to check out if you want to learn more:

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About the Author

Heather Hall is a writer at A-Z Animals, where her primary focus is on plants and animals. Heather has been writing and editing since 2012 and holds a Bachelor of Science in Horticulture. As a resident of the Pacific Northwest, Heather enjoys hiking, gardening, and trail running through the mountains with her dogs.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is a dog?

Any canine descended from the domesticated common ancestor of dogs and wolves, in the family Canidae, genus Canis.

What is the largest dog?

The largest dog ever depends if you’re looking at the tallest, longest or heaviest. Freddy the Great Dane in England measured 40.75 inches tall, while the Old English Mastiff Aicama Zorba in England measured 8 feet, 3 inches from nose to tail and was also the heaviest dog in the world at 343lbs. Great Danes are the tallest dog breed and English Mastiffs are the heaviest.

What is the smallest dog?

The smallest dog in terms of height is a Chihuahua in Puerto Rico named Milly, who measured 9.65 cm (3.8 in) tall. The smallest dog breed is the Chihuahua.

What did dogs evolve from?

Dogs evolved and genetically diverged from a common ancestor with wolves in the Late Pleistocene era about 11,700 years ago. The grey wolf is the closest living relative of the dog, with cross-breeding having occurred during the dog’s domestication. There is no agreement as to when dogs were domesticated, but the process occurred somewhere around 11,000 years ago when hunter-gatherers closely associated with live populations of aurochs, beer, sheep and goats after beginning an association with wolves.

What are the different types of dogs?

There are 7 types of dogs: Sporting, Hound, Herding, Working, Terrier, Toy and Non-sporting.

What is the scientific name for a dog?

Canis familiaris is the scientific name for a dog if it’s considered a distinct species from the wolf. It’s Canis lupus familiaris if considered a subspecies of the wolf.

What is the most dangerous dog breed?

Prey dogs are considered to be the most dangerous due to their strong bite and large muscle mass. The Pit Bull is currently said to be the most dangerous dog breed, although the Rottweiler and Inu also have a reputation for being dangerous at different times or in different areas of the world.

Are Dogs really color blind?

No, they do not see in black-and-white. However, they are red-green color-blind.

What are some examples of small dog breeds?

Chihuahua, Boston Terrier, Shih Tzu, Pug, and Dachshund are some small dog breeds.

Are bears related to dogs?

Both animals are not directly related. Dogs and bears are both within the suborder Caniformia but they belong to different families.

Are lilies poisonous to dogs and cats?

Lilies are poisonous to dogs and cats. Although lilies are only mildly toxic to most dogs, they can be a much more serious threat to your feline friend. When a dog eats a lily, it may experience stomach issues, but usually nothing life-threatening. When a cat ingests lilies, the symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening


Are orchids poisonous to cats or dogs?

Orchids, notably the Phalaenopsis Orchid (or Moth Orchid), are safe for dogs and cats to be around. These plants are one of the few ones that are considered non-toxic to both cats and dogs.

Are Onions Poisonous To Dogs Or Cats?

You may be surprised to learn that dogs and cats can become poisoned by all parts of the onion, including the leaves, flesh, skin, and juice, whether cooked or uncooked. And, cats and dogs are not just poisoned by the typical onion, but all vegetables in the onion family! That’s right; the entire onion family, whether they’re dehydrated or powdered, can deplete a pet’s red blood cells and lead to anemia.

Are Mums Poisonous To Dogs Or Cats?

There are several species of mums, all of which are deemed poisonous to dogs and cats. Even dried-up mums are harmful to pets. Scientists say mums are only “mildly toxic” to pets when compared to most toxic plants. Despite this, pet owners should still seek immediate medical attention if they notice any of the following toxic effects associated with mums:

Are Marigolds Poisonous To Dogs or Cats?

The ASCPA defines Marigolds as non-toxic to cats and dogs. But this is particularly peculiar to the Pot Marigold. Yet, if your dog or cat eats too many of these attractive flowers, they may experience negative effects like stomach upset. The side effect, however, is not caused by any toxicity from the flower but as a result of eating something unusual. On the other hand, the Tagetes species is known to create more issues for pets, particularly cats. This toxicity is usually relatively moderate, but it needs to

Are succulents poisonous to dog or cats?

Not all succulents are poisonous to dogs and cats. Succulents are great for pet owners, as most types are perfectly safe for pets. Sempervivum, Burros Tail, Christmas Cactus, Zebra Haworthia, e.t.c., are succulent species that are safe for pets. Other succulent species like the Jade plant, Aloe Vera, Fiddle leaf, e.t.c., are poisonous to dogs.


Are Begonias Poisonous To Dogs or Cats?

Despite being beautiful plants, begonias are poisonous to dogs and cats. So your pet shouldn’t eat any part of this houseplant. More than a thousand species of begonia exist and all are poisonous to animals. Although the roots contain most of the poison, all parts of begonias should be always kept out of the reach of your pets.


Are Petunias Poisonous To Dogs or Cats?

For pet-friendly gardeners, petunias are an excellent choice of flower. The petunia plant is not toxic to cats or dogs, making it a safe option for households with several pets. But this doesn’t make them a food option for your pets. Discourage your dogs and cat from eating houseplants whether they are toxic or not. So if your pet accidentally eats petunias, you have nothing to worry about. Non-toxic species of petunias include Grandiflora, Multiflora, Milli flora, and so on.


Are Frogs Poisonous To Dogs or Cats?

Although all frogs produce skin fluids, most of them are not poisonous to domestic pets. But this is not the case for pickerel and tree frogs. Both pickerel and tree frogs are commonly found in the United States. They release toxins in their skin as a defense whenever they are attacked by predators. And if your dog or cat bites these frogs, the toxins can make them sick.

Are acorns poisonous to dogs?

Acorns can be harmful to dogs if consumed in copious quantities.

Are azaleas poisonous to dogs?

Grayanotoxin, a neurotoxin found in azaleas, is the source of the plant’s danger to your dog. Azalea pollen, petals, and leaves all contain the poison.

Are poinsettias poisonous to dogs?

Poinsettias are not poisonous to dogs. However, they are mildly toxic when ingested.

Are hibiscus poisonous to dogs?

While most hibiscus species are safe for dogs, some hibiscus varieties can be potentially hazardous to your dog.

Are hostas poisonous to dogs?

It’s best to keep your dogs away from hosta leaves, stems, and blooms, which are toxic to dogs. They are toxic to dogs because of the poison’s glycoside saponins.

Can a fox outrun a dog?

The deciding factor comes down to strength and endurance versus agility and speed. If the fox has a good lead against a solitary dog, the fox will always escape. However, the dog has a natural advantage in a pack.

Who would win a fight: Dogs Vs Porcupines?

A porcupine would win a fight against a dog, but this would be a close one.

If we have a situation where the dog is the aggressor, and the porcupine is attacked, the dog gets too many quills in it to continue its assault. The dog is forced to leave the porcupine alone because it’s in so much pain or has too many quills to bite effectively. In this case, the porcupine wins.

Thank you for reading! Have some feedback for us? Contact the AZ Animals editorial team.