The scientific name for the thornback ray is Raja clavata.
thornback ray, or raja clavata, or thornback skate, isolated on a black background.
Thornback rays thrive in marine environments, typically coastal waters. Though they are saltwater fish, they are capable of surviving in lower salinity.
Thornback ray (Raja clavata) at the west coast of Norway
Its alternate name, the thornback skate, is more accurate given that this fish is actually a skate, not a ray.