Over 3,000 species of cicadas have been identified. These insects have different names in different regions of the United States. During the summer, you may have heard cicadas referred to as jarflies, harvest flies, or even “dog day” cicadas. The 13 and 17-year periodic cicadas that are common in Eastern Northern America belong to the Magicicada genus.
To some, cicadas are fascinating, but to others, they can be a loud nuisance. They can actually reach 90 decibels, which is comparable to a lawnmower or a jet airliner landing! But are cicadas dangerous? Not really. Keep reading to understand more about how cicadas interact with people and if you should be wary of them.
Are Cicadas Dangerous?
Cicadas are not deadly to people, despite their intimidatingly loud noises. They are not going to hurt you, even if they become disoriented or appear to be flying at you. There’s a lot of misunderstanding and misinformation concerning this strange, yet beautiful insect. One of the numerous characteristics of these intriguing insects is that they are quite harmless.
Are Cicadas Dangerous To Eat?
People can consume cicadas safely if they’re into that. They are similar to crickets, which are eaten all across the world. Cicadas may appear frightening or dangerous, but they’re quite harmless.
In fact, they can be a new addition to your diet. Yes, all you adventurous eaters, take note. Many people are repulsed by the idea of eating bugs but in some cultures, insects are a healthy protein substitute in many cases. Cicadas currently lack formal evidence of their nutritional value. However, according to the FDA cicadas should not be consumed by people with seafood allergies.
What Do Cicadas Eat?
Cicadas have keen sucking jaws like mosquitos and feed on underground roots, tree sap, and young twigs. Unlike locusts, they do not eat the leaves of plants. The fact that both nymphs and adults have a beak for sucking plant fluids distinguishes them from other insects.
Are Cicadas Poisonous to Pets If Eaten?
Cicadas aren’t dangerous in and of themselves. But they might cause pain or gastrointestinal problems if they’re not part of your pet’s regular diet. Millions of cicadas are bursting across areas of the eastern United States and Midwest and dogs and cats love to devour these winged insects.
The occasional snack of an insect or two, will not harm your pet feline or canine. However, several mouthfuls of cicada may cause a few digestive issues. Especially if your pet is allergic to chitin, which is a rather rare occurrence.
Some cicadas may have fungal growth, which thankfully will not harm a curious tabby or pooch intrigued by what looks like a moving snack. To prevent your pet from scarfing down more than that occasional snack, simply take them on walks at dawn or dusk when the insects are less likely to be up and about and hold them on a short leash at all times.
How Often Do Cicadas Come Out?
Many cicada species emerge every year. Cicada populations in the United States have been known to live underground for 13 to 17 years. They’re referred to as “periodic broods.” The life cycle of the 13-year cicada differs from that of the 17-year cicada. When they’re ready, they’ll emerge at the same time. Cicadas appear every 17 to 18 years on average. Only a few weeks will the cicadas be above ground, allowing them to mate and breed. Despite their brief visit, they will have a long-term impact on wildlife populations.
Where Do Cicadas Live?
Cicadas spend their adult lives among the tops, trunks, and short twigs of trees and plants. Cicada adults mate by cutting small openings in the delicate twigs and small branches of their host plants, where the females lay their eggs.
How Long Do Cicadas Live?
The periodic cicadas can survive in their nymphal, below-ground nest for 13 to 17 years if left alone! Cicada colonies can be found in a range of years and locations. Brood X, as in the Roman numeral 10, is the name of this year’s group. There are fifteen broods that develop on a consistent basis. Others have vanished entirely from the face of the world.
Are Cicadas Known To Move In Swarms?
Cicadas, unlike other migratory insects, are not known for flying vast distances and prefer to stay close to the ground. Cicadas also don’t usually travel in huge groups, even though they emerge from the ground in large numbers. They don’t swarm in the same way as bees and locusts do, so they are not dangerous in the sense that they would swarm at you. In the United States, broods of cicadas have been given letter names according to their life cycle and which years they will hatch, such as Brood X, hatching in 2021.
Why Do Cicadas Sometimes Fly at You?
It’s not on purpose if a cicada lands on you. Cicadas typically fly around in search of trees or shrubs that are densely wooded. When flying in urban areas, cicadas may have to fly around for quite some time to find the perfect position for their eggs. Humans may get crashed into during the search.
Do Cicadas Bite or Sting?
Instead of biting or stinging, cicadas pierce the skin. They lack jaws or mandibles that are designed to tear and swallow flesh, unlike wasps, mantises, and ants. Cicadas lack stingers, which are used by bees and wasps to inject poison into their victims, immobilizing or harming them.
Unless they have been permitted to linger on someone for an extended amount of time, adult cicadas will not attack. It takes a long time for a cicada to mistake a human body part for a plant.
Can Cicadas Lay Eggs Inside Your Skin?
According to entomologists, cicadas can’t deposit eggs in your skin. Female cicadas make openings in little tree branches and lay eggs in each one. After that, the cicadas fall to the ground and burrow into it.
Are Cicadas Bad to Have in Your Yard?
Cicadas are not dangerous and are harmless to not only people and animals but will typically not harm anything in your yard. They do not chew on leaves, or any other plants, and don’t cause any damage to grass. However, due to the way female cicadas lay their eggs, they will slice into branches and twigs, and some of the very young, or already weakened trees can be further damaged.
This damage is typically minimal and there isn’t anything that you need to do to eliminate cicadas from your area. Removing them causes far more damage than leaving them as it will lead to the unnecessary administration of pesticides to the environment which can sicken other animals in the area, including pets.
The photo featured at the top of this post is © Marcos Cesar Campis/Shutterstock.com
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What's The Difference Between A Cicada And Locust?
A Cicada is a type of short-horned grasshopper that is more intricately linked to an aphid than a Locust. Locusts are longer and thinner than Cicadas, yet they share grasshoppers’ long back legs. Cicadas’ legs are exceedingly short.
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