Can Hamsters Eat Spinach?

Little girl playing with cute hamster at home, focus on hand
© Liudmila Chernetska/ via Getty Images

Written by Rebecca Mathews

Published: August 21, 2023

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Hamsters might be tiny, but they have pretty big appetites, especially when it comes to fresh fruit and vegetables. Hamster keepers know their pets universally adore fresh veggies, but which are safe and nutritious? Let’s take a look at hamsters and spinach.

Can hamsters eat spinach, and if not, why not?

Syrian hamster in studio of his hamster house

Hamsters enjoy snacking on fresh fruit and vegetables.

©Rus_S/ via Getty Images

Can Hamsters Eat Spinach?

Yes, hamsters can eat spinach! According to the Animal Humane Society, small amounts of spinach 2-3 times a week is healthy. A regular meal of spinach leaf is tasty and nutritious for our little hamster friends, so long as it’s small, such as a chopped-up leaf or two.

The easiest way to tell if you’ve given too much is to find leftover pieces. Hamsters hoard food, so it’s important to check their accommodation frequently and remove any stored food that’s going off. Hamsters stuff their faces and store up excess food in cage corners or in bedding. It’s a natural habit so that they can enjoy snacks later at night. The problem is that fresh foods, unlike seeds and grains, rapidly rot.

A Syrian hamster peeking out of its cage

Hamsters stash food in cage corners to eat at a later date.

©Mary Swift/

Spinach’s Health Benefits

Spinach provides the following nutrition to hamsters:

  • Potassium: It is great for their hearts, and helps keep blood pressure healthy. Pet hamsters have a tendency to chubbiness, but spinach isn’t fattening at all.
  • Folate: DNA-repairing folate is important for hamsters’ overall health and particularly important if you’re planning to breed them.
  • Vitamin A: Great for eyesight and immune systems.
  • Vitamin B: An important regulator of red blood cells and energy.
  • Vitamin C: This is an immune system booster that’s also great for eyesight.
  • Vitamin K:  Aids liver function, blood clotting, and reproductive health.

Spinach is also full of fiber and contains liquid, which is great news if your hamster is prone to constipation.

However, owners should not give hamsters spinach in place of an appropriate hamster diet of pellets, seeds, wheat, oats, and corn found in good quality commercial hamster food. In the wild, hamsters collect desert landscape seeds and grains. This is their natural diet, which is important to replicate for optimum health.

Fruit and veg are excellent supplementations, but not main meals. The ASPCA recommends hamsters should only eat fresh vegetables several times a week, not every day.

Farmer holding freshly harvested spinach leaves, vegetables from local farming, organic produce, fall harvest

Spinach is filled with hamster-friendly vitamins and lots of fiber.

©alicja neumiler/

What Bits to Avoid

All of a spinach leaf is suitable and packed with hamster-friendly nutrition, but it’s a good idea to chop leaves up, especially the stem, which may be too much for a tiny hamster to manage.

All this sounds great, and you should consider adding spinach to a hamster diet, but how much is safe? Well, because spinach is fiber-filled, it can lead to gas and a painful upset stomach. Offer a teaspoonful two to three times a week, and if you suspect that it’s triggering gas or diarrhea, cut back.

Another important factor is washing spinach first. Herbicides, pesticides, and chemicals used to grow commercial spinach are harmful to tiny hamsters. It’s important to remove all traces of chemicals, so wash that spinach leaf and wash it again before handing it over.

Hands in blue medical gloves hold a sable hamster. A doctor listens to a mouse with a stethoscope.Veterinary medicine, research, diagnostics

Too much spinach may give hamsters gastrointestinal upsets.

©Natalia Duryagina/ via Getty Images

How to Introduce Spinach to a Hamster

The best way to introduce spinach to a hamster is slowly and in small amounts. Hamsters not accustomed to spinach may have a hard time digesting its fiber. Start with a shredded teaspoonful and increase it from there.

Can Hamsters Have Raw Spinach?

Yes, hamsters can eat raw spinach. Just wash it first and chop it up.

Can Hamsters Eat Cooked Spinach?

Again, yes. Hamsters can digest cooked spinach. It’s softer than raw leaves so that it may be a better option for youngsters or oldies without many teeth. However, for the full gamut of nutrition, raw spinach is best because nutrients leak out during the cooking process.

If you do cook spinach for your hamster, don’t add any salt, sugar, spices, or oils because those are dangerous hamster foods.

A small amount of raw or cooked spinach is good for hamsters.

©Ratov Maxim/

How Many Spinach Leaves Can a Hamster Eat?

The Animal Humane Society suggests small amounts 2-3 times a week, but it’s best to monitor a hamster’s stools and make an informed judgment. Any diarrhea or pain symptoms might indicate too much gas, and an excess amount stashed away in bedding can quickly turn their accommodation into a health hazard. Remove leftover spinach from the cage daily and cut back the amount on offer.

What Veggies Can a Hamster Eat?

A hamster’s natural diet consists of seeds and grains, but veggies are a great way to introduce variety and extra nutrition. Hamsters can eat the following vegetables in small amounts if they’re chopped up into small, manageable pieces and thoroughly rinsed:

Dwarf hamster food

Hamsters should eat well-balanced commercial seed and grain food supplemented with fresh veggies.


What Veg Can Hamsters Not Eat?

Despite our ability to eat numerous types of vegetables, hamsters can’t eat the same. Hazardous veggies include rhubarb, garlic, onion, scallions, raw potatoes, and leeks.

Other hamster “no-no” food items include candies and anything salty or spicy. We’ve already mentioned it, but spoiled foods are a definite no. Regularly check your hamster cage for food remnants to keep them clean and safe.

rhubarb in garden

Rhubarb, onions, raw potatoes, spices, sugars, and salt are not hamster friendly.


Is It Okay to Feed My Hamster Vegetables Every Day?

Too much green food gives hamsters gas and diarrhea, so don’t give your little pal fresh veggies every day. Their main nutrition source should be commercial or homemade grains and seeds.

Is Spinach Good for Hamsters?

Let’s re-cap.

Spinach is good for hamsters, and they enjoy it. It’s packed with vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Cooked or raw spinach is suitable for our hamster friends.

However, it’s easy to overdo it. Too much spinach can give hamsters gastrointestinal distress ranging from painful gas to diarrhea and even vomiting. Offer tiny amounts to start with, such as a half teaspoon of shredded spinach, and ramp it up from there.

Experts recommend limiting hamster spinach intake to a small amount two or three times a week. Shred it first, then wash it thoroughly to rinse off chemical traces first.

And finally, remove leftover spinach each day and dig for stashed spinach too. It doesn’t last long and will contaminate the cage if it’s left to rot.

Overall, yes! Hamsters can eat spinach, and it’s good for them.

baby hamster portrait

Hamsters can eat spinach that’s washed and chopped up.

© Chernetska

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About the Author

Rebecca is a writer at A-Z Animals where her primary focus is on plants and geography. Rebecca has been writing and researching the environment for over 10 years and holds a Master’s Degree from Reading University in Archaeology, which she earned in 2005. A resident of England’s south coast, Rebecca enjoys rehabilitating injured wildlife and visiting Greek islands to support the stray cat population.

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