Discover 6 Animals That Lurk Atop Oregon’s Tallest Mountain

Written by Cammi Morgan
Updated: October 8, 2023
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The tallest mountain in Oregon is the majestic Mount Hood, a towering mountain that stands 11,239 feet above sea level. While the snow-capped Mount Hood is one of the most popular destinations for mountain climbers around the world, it’s also home to several amazing animals.

In this guide, we’ll explore six species of animals that live on Oregon’s tallest mountain. Read on to learn more!

Here’s a look at 6 animals that inhabit the tallest mountain in Oregon.

1. Mountain Lion (Puma concolor)

Mountain lions can reach 50 mph in short bursts.

A small population of

mountain lions

inhabit Mount Hood, residing up to around 10,000 feet in elevation.


The mountain lion (Puma concolor), also known as the puma and cougar, can reside up to 10,000 feet in elevation on Mount Hood. In total, Oregon is home to over 6,000 mountain lions.

They primarily inhabit the central and eastern side of the Cascade range where they thrive in the arid, Mediterranean and high desert environment. Mountain lions mainly hunt deer, but are opportunistic carnivores and will prey on anything from rodents to coyotes. You’re quite unlikely to see a mountain lion when visiting Mount Hood. This is because these animals are extremely elusive, and there is not a large population that roams the mountain.

2. Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervus canadensis nelsoni)

Rocky Mountain elk

Rocky Mountain elks are most prevalent throughout eastern and south-central Oregon, so look for these critters are the eastern side of Mount Hood.


The Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus canadensis nelsoni) typically inhabits the eastern side of Mount Hood. Throughout eastern and south-central Oregon, the Rocky Mountain elk population is thriving at about 74,000 individuals. They are notably smaller, with less bulk fur, and lighter in color than the Roosevelt elk (Cervus canadensis roosevelti), which tend to occupy western Oregon. They have quite a few predators in this region, including mountain lions, coyotes, black bears, and possibly the occasional gray wolves.

While the Rocky Mountain elk is smaller, it bears the largest and heaviest antlers of all elk. The antlers on these animals can weigh up to 40 pounds. These elk prefer living in open areas, and during the hot summer months, they tend to occur at higher elevations, between 6,000 and 10,000 feet.

3. Bobcat (Lynx rufus)

Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Kicks Up Snow on Log Winter - captive animal

Oregon’s smallest wild felid, the bobcat thrives in the snowy climate of Mount Hood’s higher elevations.

©Holly Kuchera/

The bobcat (Lynx rufus), also known as the wildcat, is the smallest wild feline in Oregon, behind the mountain lion and Canada lynx. The bobcat occurs throughout Oregon, and there are likely 5,000-7,000 individuals currently roaming the state. These muscular, thick-coated cats are well-suited for the snowy environment found on the upper elevations of Mount Hood.

These wild felids can be active during any part of the day, but are mainly crepuscular, choosing to do most of their roaming and hunting at dusk and dawn. They are adaptable carnivores and prey mainly on small mammals and birds. Occasionally, they will take down a deer or feast on deer carrion. If you are hiking Mount Hood around dawn, you may be lucky enough to spot one of these solitary animals slinking through a meadow or forest.

4. Northern Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium californicum)

A Northern Pygmy Owlperched on a naked tree branch. The owl is various shades of brown and grey

The northern pygmy owl is a small but fierce bird of prey.

©Jordan Feeg/

Widespread throughout Oregon, with populations concentrated along the coast and in eastern Oregon, the northern pygmy owl (Glaucidium californicum) is quite the voracious predator. Small but mighty, standing at just 6-7 inches tall, this tiny owl is known to prey on birds and mammals over twice its size.

You are most likely to spot this little critter along the eastern side of Mount Hood up to 6,000 feet in elevation. They are often quite active during the day, so if you’re observant, you may catch a glimpse of this feisty owl perched on a branch or soaring over a meadow, eyeing her next meal.

5. Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus)

White Snowshoe Hare in Winter

In the winter, the snowshoe hare perfectly fits into Mount Hood’s snowy environment.


Camouflaged against the wintery backdrop of Mount Hood’s upper elevations is the swift snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus). With coasts that turn a striking white in the winter, snowshoe hares are perfectly suited for living on snow-capped Mount Hood. If you’re planning on hiking Mount Hood in the winter, you’ll likely come across the tracks of this hare.

On Mount Hood, you may spot these hares bounding through woodlands as they traverse their way through dense, young conifer forests and grassy thickets. Generally, snowshoe hares inhabit regions of Mount Hood above 4,000 feet in elevation.

6. Sierra Nevada Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes necator)

red fox

A small population of Sierra Nevada red foxes have recently moved into the Mount Hood region.


A subspecies of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), the Sierra Nevada red fox (Vulpes vulpes necator) is the rarest and most threatened subspecies. In 2012, scientists discovered that a small population of the Sierra Nevada red fox had moved into the Mount Hood region. They thrive at high elevations of at least 6,000 feet and tend to prefer these altitudes to avoid competition with coyotes, which occur at lower elevations.

Summary of 6 Animals That Lurk Atop Oregon’s Highest Mountain

AnimalScientific Name
1Mountain LionPuma concolor
2Rocky Mountain ElkCervus canadensis nelsoni
3BobcatLynx rufus
4Northern Pygmy OwlGlaucidium californicum
5Snowshoe HareLepus americanus
6Sierra Nevada Red FoxVulpes vulpes necator

The photo featured at the top of this post is © kwan tse/

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About the Author

Cammi Morgan is a writer at A-Z Animals where her primary focus is on mycology, marine animals, forest and river ecology, and dogs. Cammi has been volunteering in animal rescue for over 10 years, and has been studying mycology and field-researching mushrooms for the past 3 years. A resident of Southeast Appalachia, Cammi loves her off-grid life where she shares 20 acres with her landmates, foster dogs, and all the plants, fungi, and critters of the forest.

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