The Biggest Land Animal on Earth

Written by Heather Hall
Updated: September 27, 2022
© Anna Om/
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Key Points

  • The African elephant is the largest land animal on earth today.
  • The African elephant can weigh as much as 13,000 pounds.
  • Elephants live in herds of 10-20 members

The African Elephant is the largest land animal on Earth with some adult males capable of reaching 3.5m in height and weighing more than 5,000kg. Their historical range would have once extended throughout much of central and southern Africa, although today they are confined to much smaller areas.

An adult African elephant with a baby walking in a grassy field. Other grazing animals are in the background.
The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal with adult males weighing more than 5,000 kg.


Found in forests, savannahs, and plains these nomadic animals spend the majority of their time migrating across the African wilderness in search of food and water, in small family groups that contain around 10 individuals and consist of mothers and their calves. Here are just a handful of their most fascinating facts:

A group of African elephants drinking from a body of water.
African elephants migrate across Africa in search of food and water in groups of ten or more individuals.

©Efimova Anna/

  1. Have four molars that weigh up to 5kg each and can reach 30cm long.
  2. Tusks can grow up to 2.5m long and tend to weigh between 50 – 100 lbs.
  3. Family groups are known to come together forming a clan of around 1,000 individuals.
  4. Their large ears are more useful for cooling them down than for hearing.
  5. They can take 1.5 gallons of water into their trunk at a time.
  6. One individual can drink up to 50 gallons of water a day.
  7. Thought to spend around 16 hours a day eating up to 495lbs of food.
  8. The longest pregnancy of any land mammal lasts for an average of 22 months.
  9. Babies are able to walk shortly after birth and weigh up to 120kg.
  10. They are able to recognize old faces and even grieve for dead relatives.
An elephant with large tusks standing in a field of grass near a body of water, squirting water out of its trunk.
An African elephant can drink up to 50 gallons of water a day.

©Donovan van Staden/


The Featured Image

african elephant vs asian elephant
A big beautiful African elephant in the Kruger National Park, South Africa.
© Anna Om/

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About the Author

I am a freelance writer with 22 years of experience. I live in the Pacific Northwest and am surrounded by nature. When I go for my daily runs I often see herds of elk, deer, and bald eagles. I am owned by two dogs who take me on hikes in the mountains where we see coyotes, black bears, and wild turkeys.

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