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Animals >>

Common Loon


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Common Loon with chick
Great Northern Divers in Matane Wildlife Reserve, Quebec
Common Loon
Common Loon in Winter Plumage
Great Northern Diver or Common Loon (Gavia immer)
The common loon (also known as the Great Northern Diver) is a species of bird that is most closely related to the duck, mainly due to the ability of the common loon to dive underwater in order to hunt for food.

The common loon is found in parts of Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Iceland and Scotland, but common loon have recently been found in other watery parts across Europe and North America.

The common loon, like all divers, is a specialist fish-eater, as the common loon catches its prey underwater. The common loon has been seen diving as deep as 200 feet (60 m) to get its lunch. The common loon that have a very freshwater diet mainly eat pike, perch, sunfish, trout, and bass. The common loon that have a more salt-water diet feed on rock fish, flounder, sea trout, and herring.

The common loon needs a long distance to gain momentum for take-off, and is ungainly on landing. Its clumsiness on land is due to the legs being positioned at the rear of the body of the common loon which is ideal for diving but is not well-suited for assistance the common loon with walking. When the birds land on water, they skim along on their bellies to slow down, rather than on their feet, as the feet of a common loon are set too far back.

The common loon can swim gracefully on the surface of the water, and the common loon dives as well as any flying bird. The common loon is also able to fly well for hundreds of kilometers when these birds migrate.

The common loon has almost completely disappeared from the waters of eastern North America, mainly due to pollution in the water and excess pollutants causing acid rain to occur.


Common Loon Comments (3)

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tianna torgerson

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Kitty

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Common Loon Translations

Bulgarian български език
Черноклюн гмуркач
 
Catalan Català
Calàbria grossa
 
Czech Cesky
Potáplice lední
 
Danish Dansk
Islom
 
German Deutsch
Eistaucher
 
English English
Great Northern Diver
 
Esperanto Esperanto
Granda kolimbo
 
Spanish Español
Gavia immer
 
Finnish Suomi
Amerikanjääkuikka
 
French Français
Plongeon huard
 
Hungarian Magyar
Jeges búvár
 
Italian Italiano
Gavia immer
 
Japanese 日本語
ハシグロアビ
 
Dutch Nederlands
IJsduiker
 
Norwegian Norsk
Islom
 
Polish Polski
Nur lodowiec
 
Portuguese Português
Mobelha-grande
 
Swedish Svenska
Svartnäbbad islom
 
Turkish Türkçe
Buz dalgıcı
 
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Chim lặn mỏ đen
 
Chinese 中文
普通潜鸟
 

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Common Loon Facts

Kingdom:
Five groups that classify all living things...
Animalia
Phylum:
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
Chordata
Class:
A group of animals within a pylum...
Aves
Order:
A group of animals within a class...
Gaviiformes
Family:
A group of animals within an order...
Gaviidae
Genus:
A group of animals within a family...
Gavia
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Gavia Immer
Type:
The animal group that the species belongs to...
Bird
Diet:
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Omnivore
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
63cm - 81cm (24.8in - 31.8in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
100cm - 136cm (39in - 53.5in)
Weight:
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
3kg - 5kg (6.6lbs - 11lbs)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
15 - 25 years
Lifestyle:
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Flock
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
Colour:
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
White, Black, Grey, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Feathers
Favourite Food:Fish
Habitat:
The specific area where the animal lives...
Freshwater lakes in cooler climates
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
2
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fish, Frogs, Insects
Predators:
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Eagles, Osprey
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Large body size and eerie, yodel-like call

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