To listen to this article, please select Control + Shift + Z to launch the pop-up player.

Browser out-of-date!

You are using an out-of-date web browser, to avoid problems when using A-Z Animals and other sites we strongly recommend you upgrade to the latest version of your web browser!
Get Firefox Get Google Chrome Get Opera Get Microsoft Internet Explorer Get Apple Safari
Remove Advertising
A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources A-Z Animals - Animal Facts, Images and Resources

Animals >>

Common Loon

 Add to Phobia Filter  Contribute  Print  Listen
Common Loon with chick
Great Northern Divers in Matane Wildlife Reserve, Quebec
Common Loon
Common Loon in Winter Plumage
Great Northern Diver or Common Loon (Gavia immer)
The common loon (also known as the Great Northern Diver) is a species of bird that is most closely related to the duck, mainly due to the ability of the common loon to dive underwater in order to hunt for food.

The common loon is found in parts of Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Iceland and Scotland, but common loon have recently been found in other watery parts across Europe and North America.

The common loon, like all divers, is a specialist fish-eater, as the common loon catches its prey underwater. The common loon has been seen diving as deep as 200 feet (60 m) to get its lunch. The common loon that have a very freshwater diet mainly eat pike, perch, sunfish, trout, and bass. The common loon that have a more salt-water diet feed on rock fish, flounder, sea trout, and herring.

The common loon needs a long distance to gain momentum for take-off, and is ungainly on landing. Its clumsiness on land is due to the legs being positioned at the rear of the body of the common loon which is ideal for diving but is not well-suited for assistance the common loon with walking. When the birds land on water, they skim along on their bellies to slow down, rather than on their feet, as the feet of a common loon are set too far back.

The common loon can swim gracefully on the surface of the water, and the common loon dives as well as any flying bird. The common loon is also able to fly well for hundreds of kilometers when these birds migrate.

The common loon has almost completely disappeared from the waters of eastern North America, mainly due to pollution in the water and excess pollutants causing acid rain to occur.

Common Loon Comments (3)

pa sia

"this site is good for me be cause i am doing a report on loons"

tianna torgerson

"this is the best site ever."


"Great Info"

Post Comment

Your Name:

Article Rating:

Your Comment:

Common Loon Translations

Bulgarian български език
Черноклюн гмуркач
Catalan Català
Calàbria grossa
Czech Cesky
Potáplice lední
Danish Dansk
German Deutsch
English English
Great Northern Diver
Esperanto Esperanto
Granda kolimbo
Spanish Español
Gavia immer
Finnish Suomi
French Français
Plongeon huard
Hungarian Magyar
Jeges búvár
Italian Italiano
Gavia immer
Japanese 日本語
Dutch Nederlands
Norwegian Norsk
Polish Polski
Nur lodowiec
Portuguese Português
Swedish Svenska
Svartnäbbad islom
Turkish Türkçe
Buz dalgıcı
Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
Chim lặn mỏ đen
Chinese 中文

Article Tools

Print Article
View printer friendly version of Common Loon article.
Listen to Article
Listen to audio version of Common Loon article. Hot key: CTRL key + Shift key + Z key

Common Loon Facts

Five groups that classify all living things...
A group of animals within the animal kingdom...
A group of animals within a pylum...
A group of animals within a class...
A group of animals within an order...
A group of animals within a family...
Scientific Name:
Comprised of the genus followed by the species...
Gavia Immer
The animal group that the species belongs to...
What kind of foods the animal eats...
Size (L):
How long (L) or tall (H) the animal is...
63cm - 81cm (24.8in - 31.8in)
Wing Span:
The measurement from one wing tip to the other...
100cm - 136cm (39in - 53.5in)
The measurement of how heavy the animal is...
3kg - 5kg (6.6lbs - 11lbs)
Life Span:
How long the animal lives for...
15 - 25 years
Whether the animal is solitary or sociable...
Conservation Status:
The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct...
Least Concern
The colour of the animal's coat or markings...
White, Black, Grey, Brown
Skin Type:
The protective layer of the animal...
Favourite Food:Fish
The specific area where the animal lives...
Freshwater lakes in cooler climates
Average Clutch Size:
The average number of eggs laif at once...
Main Prey:
The food that the animal gains energy from...
Fish, Frogs, Insects
Other animals that hunt and eat the animal...
Human, Eagles, Osprey
Distinctive Features:
Characteristics unique to the animal...
Large body size and eerie, yodel-like call

Related Animals

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
There are 29 different species!
Can have a wingspan of up to 3 meters!
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Respire through the gills on their heads!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Not all birds are able to fly!