Discover the Highest Point in Illinois

Written by Alan Lemus
Updated: July 25, 2023
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When you think of Illinois, mountains might not be the first feature that comes to mind. Known for its sprawling prairies and bustling cities, the Land of Lincoln isn’t exactly synonymous with towering peaks. But every state has its high point, and Illinois is no exception. 

Today, we discover the highest point in Illinois. We explore its geographical features, historical roots, rich diversity of flora and fauna, and the experiences of the many visitors who journey to this high point each year. 

It’s a journey that takes you through history, nature, and the spirit of community—all wrapped up in the simple joy of standing taller than you ever have in Illinois.

The Highest Point in Illinois 

Colorado wind farm

Charles Mound may not compete with the Rocky Mountains (pictured above), but it holds its own unique charm.

© Gurevich

Charles Mound is the highest point in Illinois, standing at a modest but proud 1,235 feet above sea level. Nestled on private farmland near the Wisconsin border, this high point may not compete with the Rocky Mountains, but it holds its own unique charm.

Formed during the last Ice Age, Charles Mound is part of the Driftless Area, a region that escaped the flattening effect of glaciers.

Where Is Charles Mound Located?

Nestled in the northwest corner of Illinois, Charles Mound, a serene hill standing at an elevation of 1,235 feet, can be found in Scales Mound Township. It lies within Jo Daviess County, close to the Wisconsin border. Situated approximately 2 miles northeast of the quaint town of Scales Mound, it is also located 11 miles northeast of Galena.

The Lay of the Land

Now, onto the mound itself. Charles Mound isn’t a towering peak or a steep climb. Instead, it’s a gentle slope that rises to an elevation of 1,235 feet. That might not seem like a lot compared to the Rocky Mountains, but remember, it’s all about perspective. In the relatively flat landscape of Illinois, that’s as high as it gets!

A Peek into the Past

But Charles Mound is more than just a high point. It’s a slice of geologic history. Formed during the last Ice Age, it’s part of the Driftless Area, a region that escaped the flattening effect of glaciers. So, while glaciers were busy smoothing out most of Illinois, this corner of the state retained its hills and valleys. That’s why we have Charles Mound today—thanks, Ice Age!

Comparing Heights

And how does Charles Mound stack up against other state high points? Well, it won’t outdo Alaska’s Denali, but that’s not the point. Each state’s high point is unique, reflecting the local geography and geology. And Charles Mound, with its gentle slope and farmland surroundings, is the perfect representative for Illinois.

Historical Background

Diving into the history of Charles Mound provides a glimpse into the rich tapestry of stories that have shaped this region of Illinois. Here’s a detailed look at the historical background of the state’s highest point.

Early Settlements

Sioux people ethnic flag, USA. 3D illustration

Charles Mound was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Sioux, who left behind a rich legacy of artifacts and cultural influence.


The region surrounding Charles Mound was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Sioux, who left behind a rich legacy of artifacts and cultural influence. However, it was during the 19th century that European settlers, drawn by the promise of fertile lands and the potential for growth, began to make their mark on the region.

The Arrival of the Wuebbels

One such settler was Charles Wuebbels, after whom Charles Mound was named. Wuebbels and his family were among the early pioneers who established their farms in this area, cultivating the land and contributing to the growth of the agricultural community. The land has remained in the Wuebbels family for generations, and today it is Wayne and Jean Wuebbels who steward this historical highpoint.

A Highpoint with a Low Profile

For many years, Charles Mound remained relatively unknown as the highest point in Illinois. It was only with the advent of the high-pointing movement, in which enthusiasts seek to reach the highest point in each state that Charles Mound began to gain recognition.

Becoming a Destination

The establishment of the Highpointers Club in the late 20th century further cemented Charles Mound’s place on the map. As high pointing grew in popularity, so did interest in Charles Mound. Despite its relatively low elevation, the mound’s unique location on private land and its limited visiting days added an element of intrigue and exclusivity.

Flora of Charles Mound

Step onto Charles Mound, and you’ll find yourself in a green haven. That’s right; this high point is home to a variety of plant life. From towering trees to delicate wildflowers, Charles Mound is a celebration of Illinois’ native flora.


Let’s start with the trees. The most common ones you’ll find here are oak and hickory. These giants stand tall, their leaves rustling in the breeze, creating a canopy that provides shade and habitat for various creatures. And when fall comes around, these trees put on a spectacular show, their leaves turning a riot of reds, oranges, and yellows.

Grasses and Wildflowers

Field of purple coneflowers

Look out for the vibrant colors of coneflowers! These flowers add a splash of color to the landscape and play a crucial role in the ecosystem.

©Milosz Maslanka/

Now, let’s get closer to the ground. Among the grasses, you’ll find a variety of wildflowers. Look out for the vibrant colors of coneflowers and black-eyed Susans or the delicate beauty of wild phlox. These flowers not only add a splash of color to the landscape but also play a crucial role in the ecosystem, providing nectar for pollinators.

A Changing Landscape

But the flora of Charles Mound isn’t static—it changes with the seasons. From the fresh green leaves of spring to the riotous colors of fall, every visit offers a different perspective. Even in winter, when the trees are bare, the landscape takes on a stark beauty that’s equally enchanting.

Fauna of Charles Mound

Charles Mound isn’t just a high point—it’s a neighborhood bustling with life! That’s right, it’s home to a variety of animals. From chirping birds to scurrying critters, Charles Mound is a testament to the rich fauna of Illinois.


Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Whether you’re a dedicated birdwatcher or just enjoy their melodious songs, the birds of Charles Mound add a lively soundtrack to your visit.

©Susan Hodgson/

First, let’s look up. The trees of Charles Mound are often alive with the flutter and song of numerous bird species. Keep your eyes peeled, and you might spot a vibrant blue jay, a speedy hummingbird, or even a majestic hawk soaring overhead. Whether you’re a dedicated birdwatcher or just enjoy their melodious songs, the birds of Charles Mound add a lively soundtrack to your visit.

Creatures on the Ground

Now, let’s turn our attention to the ground. Here, you’ll find a variety of critters going about their business. From squirrels foraging for food to deer grazing in the early morning, Charles Mound is home to an array of mammals. Remember to keep a respectful distance and enjoy the chance to observe these creatures in their natural habitat.

A Dynamic Ecosystem

But the fauna of Charles Mound isn’t limited to just birds and mammals. Look closer, and you might spot insects pollinating flowers or hear the croak of frogs from a nearby pond. Each creature, big or small, plays a crucial role in the ecosystem, making Charles Mound a dynamic, thriving environment.

What Makes Charles Mound a Special Place to Visit?

Charles Mound may not be the tallest or the most challenging of high points, but it has a unique blend of attributes that make it a special place to visit. Here’s a deeper dive into why Charles Mound holds such a charm.

Historical Significance

One of the key elements that make Charles Mound special is its historical significance. Being named after an early settler in the region, Charles Wuebbels, it carries a piece of Illinois’ rich farming history with it. Every step taken on this land is a step on the grounds that have been cultivated and cared for generations.

The Appeal of the Natural World

Charles Mound is a paradise for nature lovers. Its flora and fauna provide a glimpse into the biodiversity of Illinois. From the wildflowers that bloom in the warmer months to the various bird species that take flight in the skies above, the natural beauty of Charles Mound is a sight to behold.

An Opportunity for Community

There’s a sense of camaraderie that comes with the journey to Charles Mound. The shared enthusiasm of the Highpointers Club, combined with the warm hospitality of the Wuebbels family, creates a welcoming and vibrant atmosphere that extends beyond the hike itself.

The Achievement of Highpointing

Then there’s the thrill of the accomplishment. Standing atop Charles Mound, knowing that you’ve reached the highest point in Illinois, is a feeling that can’t be replicated. It’s a personal achievement, a small victory that adds a sense of excitement and accomplishment to the journey.

Exclusivity and Anticipation

The limited access to Charles Mound also contributes to its specialness. Because the high point is only open to visitors a few weekends each year, it creates a sense of anticipation and exclusivity. It’s a date to mark on your calendar, a special event to look forward to.

So, what makes Charles Mound a special place to visit? It’s more than just its status as a high point—it’s the blend of history, nature, community, achievement, and anticipation that creates an experience that’s truly one-of-a-kind.

Fun Facts About Charles Mound

Every place has its quirks and interesting tidbits, and Charles Mound is no exception. Ready for some fun facts about Illinois’ highest point? Let’s dive in!

Not-So-Mountainous Highpoint

You might expect the highest point in a state to be a towering peak, right? Well, Charles Mound might surprise you—it stands at a modest 1,235 feet. Unfortunately, that makes it one of the lowest high points in the United States. But don’t let that fool you—this place is packed with charm!

Farm to Highpoint

Here’s a fun fact: Charles Mound is located on a private farm. That’s right, the high point of Illinois is surrounded by active farmland. It’s a reminder of the state’s agricultural heritage and adds a unique twist to your high-pointing adventure.

An Exclusive Visit

Charles Mound has some of the most restricted access of any state highpoint. It’s open to the public only on specific weekends from June through September. So, visiting this high point is a bit of an exclusive event—making it all the more special.

A Name with a Story

Ever wondered who Charles was? Well, Charles Mound was named after Charles Wuebbels, one of the first settlers in the area. It’s a nod to the local history and a testament to the generations who’ve called this land home.

Annual Visitor Count to Charles Mound

Charles Mound, despite its private location and limited visiting schedule, has steadily been gaining attention over the years. Its unique allure draws in people from far and wide, contributing to a visitor count that has been seeing an upward trend.

By the Numbers

Though Charles Mound’s exact visitor count can be hard to pin down, estimations based on the number of people present on open weekends suggest an annual count in the ballpark of 500-800 visitors. This figure, while not overwhelmingly large, is impressive considering the highpoint’s limited accessibility.

Interestingly, Charles Mound’s annual visitor count has been on a gradual upswing. Over the past decade, the estimated annual visitor count has risen by about 10-20% – a testament to the growing popularity of high pointing and the increased awareness of Charles Mound itself.

Seasonal Peaks

As you’d expect, the summer months—June, July, August, and September—see the highest influx of visitors. On any given open weekend during these months, Charles Mound might host anywhere from 50 to 100 visitors, with numbers often peaking in July due to the favorable weather and summer vacations.

Key Takeaways

We’ve journeyed from the base to the peak of Charles Mound, exploring every nook and cranny of Illinois’ highest point. From its quiet yet fascinating geography to its rich history, Charles Mound really does offer a unique perspective on the Prairie State.

But it’s not just about the land or the views. It’s about the life that thrives there—the birds in the sky, the plants underfoot—and the folks who make their way to this humble mound each year. It’s about the Wuebbels family, who’ve lovingly preserved this high point for generations. 

As we wrap up this virtual tour, remember that Charles Mound, like any natural wonder, is more than the sum of its parts. It’s a testament to Illinois’ diverse landscape, a cherished spot for high pointers, and a symbol of natural beauty nestled in the heartland of America.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © RZ-Photo/

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About the Author

Alan is a freelance writer and an avid traveler. He specializes in travel content. When he visits home he enjoys spending time with his family Rottie, Opie.

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