Discover the Lowest Point in Alabama

Written by Janet F. Murray
Published: November 15, 2022
Image Credit Allard One/Shutterstock.com
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Alabama is a truly unique state in the United States, with a wide diversity of landscapes and ecosystems. The Gulf Coast plains are lush and fertile, comprising more than two-thirds of the state. The northern part of Alabama’s landscape showcases hilly, broken terrain. Numerous woodland areas feature tall trees, rocky outcroppings, and even some scenic waterfalls. But where is the lowest point in this beautiful state? Join us in discovering the lowest point in Alabama while learning fascinating facts about this focal location.

Map of Gulf of Mexico
The lowest point in Alabama is the Gulf of Mexico, which is at sea level.

Rainer Lesniewski/Shutterstock.com

The Gulf of Mexico: Alabama’s Lowest Point

The Gulf of Mexico, Alabama’s lowest point, is a fascinating body of water rich in history, geography, and ecology. Located in the southeastern United States near Alabama, the Gulf boasts an impressive area of over 600,000 square miles. This vast expanse of water borders the shores of several countries and states. Mexico lies to the southwest, with Cuba to the southeast. Additionally, there are numerous other states along its northern coast, including Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. At its deepest point, known as Sigsbee Deep, it reaches a staggering depth of 14,383 feet.

How Did the Gulf of Mexico Form?

To understand how the Gulf of Mexico, Alabama’s lowest point, formed, we must consider the processes behind plate tectonics. Evolving over millions of years, these movements in the earth’s crust are responsible for shaping land masses globally. Within the Gulf of Mexico basin, you can see the influence of plate tectonics. The area consists primarily of sedimentary rock and recent sediments accumulated on the basin floor over time.

As this basin connects to the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea through narrow openings, it experiences relatively low tidal ranges. These tidal ranges are much lower than other bodies of water, such as estuaries or rivers. Perhaps most significantly, what truly distinguishes the Gulf of Mexico is its proximity to land. Almost half of its surface area comprises shallow continental shelf waters. Part of these shallow waters include lagoons that create a diverse marine ecosystem within their borders.

Is the Gulf of Mexico Important for Alabama?

The lowest point in Alabama – the Gulf of Mexico – is a vital resource for the state. This massive body of water benefits local families and businesses. One critical beneficial element is the reliable and affordable energy that powers and fuels homes, electronics, and vehicles. In addition to meeting basic needs, this abundant energy supports many communities across Alabama through jobs and revenue generation.

Investment is critical, given the importance of reliable and affordable power to the people and economy of Alabama. Continued investment in developing these resources in the Gulf of Mexico is vital. These investments help those in Alabama meet their current needs, boosting the economy. Simultaneously, recent development helps ensure that future generations have access to crucial resources for growth and prosperity.

Recreational Opportunities Near Alabama’s Lowest Point

With 28.2 million visitors yearly, the state relies on its natural beauty to attract tourists. And as it turns out, the lowest point in Alabama sports the most fabulous beaches and abundant marine life. Besides, the state and its people have naturally taken advantage of the Gulf of Mexico. They have created a plethora of appealing tourist destinations to boost growth. But, it doesn’t take much to encourage visitors to the region. Here, tourists can enjoy the coastline, brimming with beautiful sandy beaches and bountiful waters.

These very spots along the Gulf provide Alabamians and visitors with countless opportunities for recreation and exploration. Whether you enjoy boating, swimming, fishing, or watching marine life, there is something for everyone along the Gulf.

Consequently, as a focal point for tourism and recreational activities, the Gulf is integral to the livelihoods of many Alabamians. Endless possibilities await on the shores and in the waves of the mighty Gulf of Mexico.

Aerial view of Orange Beach, Alabama in November of 2021
The Gulf of Mexico offers multiple vacation destinations, creating a major drawcard for visitors to the lowest point in Alabama.

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Beautiful Places To Explore in the Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico is truly spectacular, home to countless stunning natural landscapes and fun and exciting activities. Choices are abundant for exploration along the Alabama Gulf Coast, from fun-filled days on the beach to rugged hikes in the surrounding wilderness areas.

Of all the beautiful locations in Alabama, these two iconic resort towns in Baldwin County epitomize the essence of the Gulf of Mexico for Alabamians.

Orange Beach

Orange Beach tops the list as a popular coastal destination. This resort has a sizeable pristine expanse of coastline, gorgeous white sand beaches, and world-class restaurants and hotels. Here, visitors can enjoy swimming and boating and sunset strolls. You can easily access one of the many waterfront bars and cafes anywhere you stay. And you can relax in your luxurious hotel room with beautiful ocean views.

Gulf Shores

Another fantastic destination along the Gulf is near the Gulf Shores. This charming coastal town lies between two bays. It offers plenty of exciting attractions ranging from water parks to wildlife sanctuaries. Visitors and locals can enjoy excellent local seafood or watch dolphins swim in the clear waters.

Gulf State Park

Gulf Park, in the town of Gulf Shores, is well known for its miles of beautiful beaches and even more exciting outdoor activities. With more than 20 miles of trails that wind through the park’s rich forests and wetlands, it is perfect for those who love exploring nature on foot. This park calls to avid hikers, dedicated cyclists, and casual campers.

Additionally, many bikers frequent two dedicated bike paths where they can safely enjoy the stunning scenery and fresh ocean air. Attractive natural areas surround multiple campgrounds at Gulf State Park, where people can set up their tent or RV and enjoy all the park offers.

Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge

Pine trees and palmettos along Pine Beach Trail in Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge in Gulf Shores, Alabama, USA
Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge in Gulf Shores, Alabama, USA.

William A. Morgan/Shutterstock.com

This Refuge is a natural preserve on the Gulf Coast in Alabama. Covering over 6,000 acres, this is a beautiful location to escape from the bustle of everyday life and experience nature at its finest. With abundant wildlife and diverse ecosystems, Bon Secour NWR is home to several endangered species. These species include loggerheads, sea turtles, and the Alabama beach mouse.

Several scenic hiking trails at Bon Secour NWR are suitable for everyone, from beginners to seasoned hikers. The Jeff Friend Trail and Pine Beach Trail proffer gorgeous views of the forest and coastline. These trails allow visitors to experience all that nature provides. So, bring your bikes for inspiring rides and get a glimpse of the spectacular wildlife that calls this refuge home.

An Ancient Underwater Forest in the Gulf of Mexico

When you think of a forest, the image that probably comes to mind is a lush, green landscape filled with towering trees and teeming with life. Interestingly, an ancient underwater forest is hidden in the Gulf of Mexico. This remarkable discovery lies just south of Gulf Shores, Alabama. It is here that scientists found a vast underwater forest dating back over 60,000 years.

Scientists believe this mysterious forest started during an ice age when sea levels were significantly lower than today. Somehow, it lay beneath massive amounts of sediment for generations before being uncovered. Thanks to the violent waves stirred by Hurricane Ivan in 2004, this forest finally revealed its glory. Since then, scientists have been exploring this unique site. They marvel at its abundance of plant and animal life typical of coral reefs.

Because of its location below the ocean surface, much of this ancient underwater forest remains a mystery. Yet one thing is clear: Its survival is a testament to the incredible resilience of those at Alabama’s lowest point, the Gulf of Mexico.

Wildlife in the Gulf of Mexico

Every year, millions of monarch butterflies and birds migrate to the Gulf of Mexico. They fly from as far away as Canada and South America seeking sustenance. These creatures go there for warmer climates and massive feasts for their bellies. The trees along the coast have an abundance of sweet fruit and flowers during the spring months. So, their nectar provides a perfect food source for these hungry travellers.

Meanwhile, just below the water’s surface lies one of the most diverse ecosystems. From schools of glittering fish, stingrays, blue crabs, and bottlenose dolphins to menacing sharks, there is certainly no shortage of exciting wildlife in the Gulf of Mexico, Alabama. The colorful coral reefs and vast seagrass beds are one more tourist attraction.

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Wondering what is the lowest point in Alabama? Check out this article to find more!
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About the Author

I'm a freelance writer with more than eight years of content creation experience. My content writing covers diverse genres, and I have a business degree. I am also the proud author of my memoir, My Sub-Lyme Life. This work details the effects of living with undiagnosed infections like rickettsia (like Lyme). By sharing this story, I wish to give others hope and courage in overcoming their life challenges. In my downtime, I value spending time with friends and family.

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Sources
  1. USGS, Available here: https://www.usgs.gov/educational-resources/highest-and-lowest-elevations
  2. Consumer Energy Alliance, Available here: https://consumerenergyalliance.org/2018/02/gulf-of-mexico-energy-whats-a-stake-for-alabama/
  3. Alabama Tourism Department, Available here: https://tourism.alabama.gov/2022/05/alabamas-tourism-industry-revenue-sets-all-time-record-in-2021/
  4. Texas A&M University, Available here: https://tamug-ir.tdl.org/handle/1969.3/28557
  5. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Available here: https://www.fws.gov/refuge/bon-secour/species
  6. YouTube, Available here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKm0eRfFFfo