Discover the Poorest Town in Texas

Written by Shashi Kallae
Published: September 18, 2023
© Andrew Borgen / CC BY-ND 2.0 – License / Original
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In Texas’s poorest town, a typical household earns only $9,110 per year, which is 86.5% less than the statewide median income. Dimmit County, Texas is home to a town with a population of 1,076, established in 2000 along U.S. Highway 83, about two miles southeast of Carrizo Springs. There are individuals in this town who fall below the poverty line.

According to research reports, Carrizo Hill is identified as the poorest town among the 877 towns in the state. As per the U.S. Census Bureau, Texas has several other towns facing economic challenges. It’s crucial to understand that measuring poverty in a town is a multifaceted task with no one-size-fits-all definition. Various factors impact the economic conditions and lifestyles of residents in these areas, contributing to their financial challenges.

Texas State on the map
Carrizo Hill is located near the border of the United States and Mexico on the map within the state of Texas.

©Alexander Lukatskiy/


The CDP had a population of 8,387 individuals and 2,902 households between 2017 and 2021, according to the 2022 census. As of July 1, 2022, there were 4,021 housing units in the area. The majority of residents, 94.3%, identified as white. The remaining population consisted of 2.2% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, and 1.2% identifying as two or more races. Furthermore, 88.3% of the population identified as Hispanic or Latino, regardless of race.

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Determining whether Carrizo Hill is the poorest town in Texas is subjective based on current data. Poverty has no universal definition, and multiple factors can contribute to poverty in a town. It’s important to note that poverty is not a permanent condition, and towns can fluctuate in and out of poverty depending on various economic factors. While multiple sources suggest that Carrizo Hill may be the poorest town in Texas, it’s possible that its economy could improve, and it may no longer be considered impoverished.

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Abandoned "Helltown" barn, Ohio
© Andrew Borgen / CC BY-ND 2.0 – License / Original

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