The Top 10 Wealthiest Counties in Texas

Written by Shreya Agrawal
Published: October 9, 2023
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Texas, the Lone Star State, is famous for its vast landscapes, diverse culture, and economic prowess. However, within this state, there are some counties that stand out for being wealthier than others. These counties are not only economically robust but also home to thriving communities and notable individuals. In this article, we will explore the top 10 wealthiest counties in Texas, their locations, populations, and also the factors that contribute to their high GDP per capita.

1. Kendall County, TX

Cave Without a Name

Boerne, Texas – May 11 2022: The interior of Cave Without a Name in Kendall County, north of San Antonio.

©Austin Deppe/Shutterstock.com

Kendall County lies in south-central Texas, west of San Antonio. As of the 2020 census, the population of Kendall County was approximately 47,431 people.

The county’s wealth is due to a combination of factors. Its proximity to San Antonio allows residents to have a suburban lifestyle while still having access to the city’s economic and cultural opportunities. The county’s scenic beauty also includes the Texas Hill Country in its surrounding area and has attracted affluent individuals who seek a high quality of life. Additionally, the presence of investment income and high median home values contributes to its wealth.

Kendall County has also been a retreat for notable figures like former Vice President Dick Cheney, who owns property in the area.

2. Collin County, TX

Lake at Shops at Legacy

Well landscaped lake with fountain and walking trails in Plano, TX

©Gary Fink/iStock via Getty Images

Collin County lies in North Texas and has Plano as one of its major cities. As of the 2020 census, Collin County had a population of approximately 1,072,069 people.

Collin County’s affluence is due to its vibrant economy, thanks to the presence of major corporations and technology companies. The county’s strong educational institutions, including the University of Texas at Dallas, also attract a highly skilled workforce. Additionally, the median income and investment income contribute significantly to its wealth.

Collin County is also home to many notable individuals, including billionaire entrepreneur Mark Cuban, owner of the Dallas Mavericks basketball team.

3. Travis County, TX

Aerial Over Austin Texas spring time colors with Railroad Tracks crossing Lady bird lake at Zilker Park and Auditorium Shores with Skyline Cityscape and downtown in the background North of the River

Austin, Texas spring time colors with Railroad Tracks crossing Lady bird lake at Zilker Park and Auditorium Shores with Skyline

©Roschetzky Photography/Shutterstock.com

Travis County lies in central Texas and includes the state capital, Austin. As of the 2020 census, Travis County had a population of approximately 1,373,029 people.

Travis County’s wealth is due to Austin’s thriving technology and music scenes. The presence of tech giants like Dell and a robust startup culture have led to job opportunities and a high median income. The county’s investment income is also a notable contributor to its wealth. Travis County has also been home to musicians like Willie Nelson and tech entrepreneurs like Michael Dell.

4. Denton County, TX

Ray Roberts Lake

One of the most stunning locations for a refreshing summer swim in Lake Ray Roberts, which is 10 miles north of Denton between Pilot Point and Sanger, Texas.

©Liz Stors/Shutterstock.com

Denton County is in North Texas and has cities like Denton and Frisco. As of the 2020 census, Denton County had a population of approximately 919,324 people.

Denton County’s wealth can be attributed to its rapid growth and development. It has therefore become a popular choice for families and professionals looking for a suburban lifestyle near Dallas-Fort Worth. Thriving industries, including healthcare and technology, have also contributed to a robust job market and high median income. Finally, Denton County has also been home to prominent athletes like NFL quarterback Drew Brees.

5. Rockwall County, TX

Lighthouse at Harbor in Rockwall

Lighthouse at the Harbor in Rockwall, TX at dusk.

©Ron Smithson/iStock via Getty Images

Rockwall County is located in North Texas, east of Dallas. As of the 2020 census, Rockwall County had a population of approximately 104,915 people.

Rockwall County’s affluence can be attributed to its suburban appeal and proximity to Dallas. The county’s scenic lakeside communities and strong school districts attract residents who seek an upscale lifestyle. High median incomes and investment income also contribute significantly to its wealth. Finally, Rockwall County has been the residence of figures like former NFL player Roy Williams.

6. Williamson County, TX

Historic Williamson County Courthouse Located in Downtown Georgetown TX

Historic Williamson County Courthouse Located in Downtown Georgetown Texas

©Marti157900/iStock via Getty Images

Williamson County is in central Texas, north of Austin. As of the 2020 census, Williamson County had a population of approximately 590,551 people.

Williamson County’s wealth is driven by its role as a part of the Austin metropolitan area. The county’s economic growth is powered by a diverse range of industries who have moved there due to the proximity to Austin, including technology and healthcare. Its high median income also reflect the prosperity of its residents. Williamson County has also been home to individuals like actor Matthew McConaughey, known for his roles in Hollywood films.

7. Comal County, TX

Canyon Lake A South Texas Paradise

Canyon Lake A South Texas Paradise near San Antonio , San Marcos , and New Braunfels , a gorgeous blue paradise waters surrounded by green lush trees and nature

©RoschetzkyIstockPhoto/iStock via Getty Images

Comal County is in south-central Texas, northeast of San Antonio. As of the 2020 census, it had a population of approximately 161,501 people.

Comal County doesn’t only have wealth but also has scenic beauty, which attracts residents seeking a tranquil yet affluent lifestyle. The county’s location near San Antonio also gives residents several economic opportunities. Comal County has been a favored destination for retired individuals, including former U.S. President George W. Bush.

8. Fort Bend County, TX

Fort Bend County Courthouse   1/3

Richmond, Texas

©BOB WESTON/iStock via Getty Images

Fort Bend County, in southeast Texas, is famous for prominent cities like Sugar Land. As of the 2020 census, Fort Bend County had a population of approximately 811,688 people.

Fort Bend County’s economic prosperity is linked to its proximity to Houston. The county’s diverse job market, fueled by industries like energy, healthcare, and technology, provides ample opportunities for residents because it is close to Houston. High median incomes and investments also contribute to its wealth. Fort Bend County has also been home to prominent athletes like former NBA player Hakeem Olajuwon.

9. Gillespie County, TX

Fredericksburg Memorial Library

Public library in Fredericksburg, Texas with limestone veneer

©Dean_Fikar/iStock via Getty Images

Gillespie County, located in south-central Texas, has Fredericksburg as its county seat. As of the 2020 census, Gillespie County had a population of approximately 29,076 people.

Gillespie County’s wealth can be attributed to its scenic charm and the strong tourism industry. The county’s wineries, historic sites, and festivals draw visitors and contribute to the local economy. Gillespie County has been a retreat for notable individuals like actor Tommy Lee Jones.

10. Blanco County, TX

The shore of Canyon Lake, Texas

The shore of Canyon Lake, Texas just outside of New Braunfels in the Hill Country taken from the Overlook Park

©Jacqueline Cooper/iStock via Getty Images

Blanco County is situated in south-central Texas, west of Austin. As of the 2020 census, Blanco County had a population of approximately 12,530 people.

Blanco County’s wealth is tied to its serene, rural charm. The county is an escape from urban life while still being within reach of Austin’s economic opportunities. Austin’s proximity leads to high median incomes and investment income, which also contribute to the county’s affluence. Interestingly, Blanco County has been a place of inspiration for artists and musicians who seek creative solitude.

Summary Table of the Top 10 Wealthiest Counties in Texas

RankCounty, StateMedian IncomeInvestment IncomeMedian Home ValueOverall Wealth Index
1Kendall County, TX$100,706$83,926$576,33336.24
2Collin County, TX$104,327$37,877$509,42533.71
3Travis County, TX$85,043$81,852$545,68933.25
4Denton County, TX$96,265$32,799$460,94830.62
5Rockwall County, TX$111,595$38,818$426,40030.22
6Williamson County, TX$94,705$24,469$448,84729.58
7Comal County, TX$85,912$36,881$451,11429.12
8Fort Bend County, TX$102,590$31,815$379,48928.63
9Gillespie County, TX$64,438$64,481$522,15028.56
10Blanco County, TX$71,201$48,551$542,59926.28
Texas$67,321$35,117$190,642
Please note that the values are in USD, and the Overall Wealth Index is based on a specific calculation.

The photo featured at the top of this post is © iStock.com/leekris


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About the Author

Shreya is a climate scientist. She also studies paleontology and evolutionary biology. She enjoys reading all kinds of literature and listening to rock music in her free time.

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