See 16 Awesome Trees That Start With E

Written by Alanna Davis
Published: March 2, 2024
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For many, the natural world is one of the most important parts of life. Whether you love to immerse yourself in botany and zoology or are just the outdoorsy type, you might have questions about the myriad of plants in the wild. Across the globe, there are roughly 65,000 different species of trees currently recognized. However, only a handful of these trees have names that begin with the letter E. Let’s explore 16 of them and discuss what makes them unique.

1. English Oak

english oak tree

Few trees are prouder than the mighty oak.

©James d’Almeida/

The English oak in particular is native to the United Kingdom and the Caucasus. According to the North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox, “It was brought to North America in the 1600s from Europe and has been an important lumber tree for furniture and shipbuilding. It is now found in the eastern and northwestern United States and southeastern and southwestern Canada.”

2. Eastern Fir

Balsam Fir in Winter

The eastern fir is also known as the balsam fir.

©Sonia Horowitz/

This tree is one of the most iconic of all, and it is quite possibly the most popular choice for use as a Christmas tree. This tree is native to North America and can be found all across the northern portion of the continent. These incredible trees can live to be 150 years old.

3. Elderberry

Elder Tree

Individuals who have their own elderberry trees are able to eat the fruit they bear if prepared properly.


Elderberry trees are named after the fruit that they bear. These trees make a wonderful addition to anyone’s yard or garden. However, growing one might be a challenge as these trees can be temperamental.

4. Engelmann Spruce

Englemann spruce (Picea engelmannii)

The oldest Englemann spruce was about 800 years old.

©Nikki Yancey/

The Engelmann spruce i named after George Engelmann, a botanist who lived during the 19th century. Among all trees that start with the letter E, the Englemann spruce is one of the largest. These trees often grow to be roughly 100 feet tall. The largest one grew to be roughly 220 feet tall!

5. European Alder

Alder (Alnus glutinosa) on the shore of a lake

These trees are considered invasive in certain areas.

©Ihor Hvozdetskyi/

The European alder goes by many names, such as the “black alder,” “common alder,” or simply just the “alder.” Although this tree doesn’t grow to towering heights, it grows relatively fast.

6. Enebro

juniper a special spice from the forest

Gin contains juniper.

©Chamois huntress/

Do you enjoy the unique citrusy flavor of juniper? If so, the Enebro is the tree for you. These trees produce these fragrant berries, and they can be found growing in several areas throughout the United States. The name “Enebro” is derived from the Spanish word for juniper.

7. Emory Oak

Emory Oak trees border a distance mountain range with a blue sky and white clouds as a backdrop.

Unlike other trees that start with the letter E, the Emory oak grows in a limited area.


According to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, the natural habitat of Emory oak trees is from the mountains of Trans-Pecos, Texas to central Arizona and New Mexico. They most frequently grow in dry foothills and moist canyons at elevations of over 5,000 feet.

8. Eastern White Pine

Eastern white pine

Compared to balsam firs, the eastern white pine has less fragrance.

©Famartin / CC BY-SA 4.0 – License

Another large tree that has the capability to grow to incredible heights is the eastern white pine. These are another popular choice for use as Christmas trees. In addition, the wood from this tree is used for various forms of construction, which puts it in very high demand.

9. Eastern Cottonwood

These trees have a lifespan of roughly 100 years.

©Merrimon Crawford/

The eastern cottonwood can be found all across North America. This tree has a range that spans from Canada down to Mexico.

10. European Larch

European Larch or Common Larch

As its name suggests, the European larch is native to Europe.


The European larch is a sight for sore eyes, and this tree is known far and wide for its breathtaking beauty. During the fall, the leaves transform from vibrant green to bright yellow and orange.

11. Eastern Hemlock

Background with Tsuga canadensis tree (canadian hemlock, eastern hemlock)

In addition to being aesthetically pleasing, the eastern hemlock is also medically significant.


Also sometimes called the “Canadian hemlock,” the eastern hemlock is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of roughly 70 feet tall. These trees are found in Canada and the United States.

12. Eastern Redbud

Eastern redbud tree in full bloom with sprinkling of wildflowers in the surrounding grass.

The flowers that grow on eastern redbud trees attract a variety of pollinators.

©Marie C Fields/

The eastern redbud is another beautiful tree that adds a pop of color to any home or garden. In the spring, these trees bloom dozens of tiny pink flowers before growing leaves.

13. Escarpment Live Oak

A Texas live oak tree branch is silhouetted in front of a street light. Beams of light push through the dense fog at night.

Another common name for the escarpment live oak is the “Texas live oak.”


The escarpment live oak is another hardy tree that starts with the letter E. It is popular in certain regions of the United States such as Oklahoma and Texas as well as northern Mexico. These trees are somewhat drought-resistant, which makes them a popular choice when it comes to landscaping.

14. Empress

Paulownia elongata tree with light violet blossoms. On the branches of Royal Paulownia, pink pastel colored flowers with purple spots. Empress or Dragon tree, deciduous plant in Paulowniaceae family.

The empress tree is famous for its incredible growth speed.


Similar to the eastern redbud, the empress tree sprouts beautiful flowers during the spring that can take on purple and white hues. Despite their beauty, these trees are considered invasive in certain areas. Gardeners should take the time to research local laws before planting this tree. According to the North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox, “The tree is named in honor of Russian Princess Anna Paulowna (1795-1865), while the species name tomentosa means hairy in Latin.”

15. European Hornbeam

Hornbeam, common or European, trimmed in form of cylinders.

Taking proper care of your European hornbeam tree will help ensure that it will live over 100 years.

©Alexander Denisenko/

Much like the escarpment live oak, the European hornbeam is also hardy to dry conditions, making it another popular choice for landscaping. This makes it a low-maintenance and easy tree to grow and maintain.

16. Eastern Red Pine

Red pine, pinus resinosa, norway pine, american red pine

Eastern red pine trees typically grow to be between 70 and 120 feet tall.


The wood of eastern red pine trees is in high demand. It is strong, which makes it perfect for use in construction. Shockingly, these trees can grow to be incredibly old. In fact, the oldest recorded red pine tree was estimated to have lived for roughly 300 years.

Summary Table of See 16 Awesome Trees That Start With E

TreeHeight at Maturity
English Oak30 – 40 feet
Eastern Fir45 – 65 feet
Elderberry5 – 15 feet
Engelmann Spruce80 – 130 feet
European Alder55 – 75 feet
Enebro65 – 135 feet
Emory Oak30 – 60 feet
Eastern White Pine50 – 100 feet
Eastern Cottonwood75 – 105 feet
European Larch70 – 100 feet
Eastern Hemlock40 – 80 feet
Eastern Redbud20 – 30 feet
Escarpment Live Oak15 – 40 feet
Empress20 – 60 feet
European Hornbeam30 – 60 feet
Eastern Red Pine60 – 120 feet

The photo featured at the top of this post is © Marie C Fields/

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About the Author

Alanna is a writer at A-Z Animals primarily covering insects, animals, and travel. In addition to writing, she spends her time tutoring English and exploring the east end of Long Island. Prior to receiving her Bachelor's in Economics from Stony Brook University, Alanna spent much of her time studying entomology and insect biology.

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