Gray Tree Frog

Hyla versicolor

Last updated: February 23, 2021
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff

Survives freezing temperatures by producing glycerol and maintaining slower metabolic processes



Gray Tree Frog Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Amphibia
Order
Anura
Family
Hylidae
Genus
Hyla
Scientific Name
Hyla versicolor

Gray Tree Frog Conservation Status

Gray Tree Frog Locations

Gray Tree Frog Locations

Gray Tree Frog Facts

Prey
mites, spiders, plant lice, snails, slugs
Name Of Young
tadpole
Group Behavior
  • Solitary
Fun Fact
Survives freezing temperatures by producing glycerol and maintaining slower metabolic processes
Estimated Population Size
Unknown
Biggest Threat
Habitat loss
Most Distinctive Feature
Change color based on temperature and activity
Gestation Period
Eggs hatch after 3 to 7 days, depending on water temperature
Average Spawn Size
1000 to 2000 eggs in groups of 10 - 40
Habitat
Forest, swamps, agricultural land, residential backyards
Predators
Birds, snakes, small mammals, and other frogs
Diet
Carnivore
Type
Amphibian
Common Name
Gray Tree Frog
Number Of Species
1
Location
Eastern U.S. and southeastern Canada

Gray Tree Frog Physical Characteristics

Colour
  • Brown
  • Grey
  • Green
Lifespan
7 to 9 years
Length
males are 1.25in - 2in (32mm - 52mm) females are 1.5in - 2.25in (38mm - 60mm)
Age of Sexual Maturity
2 years
Age of Weaning
45 to 65 days for metamorphosis from tadpole

Gray Tree Frog Images

Click through all of our Gray Tree Frog images in the gallery.

View all of the Gray Tree Frog images!



The gray tree frog is a common tree frog with versatile colors.

The gray tree frog is a large species of tree frog that features many interesting colors despite its name. It can be found commonly in southeastern Canada and the eastern United States. The gray tree frog spends most of its life high in the trees and is very adept at navigating the branches thanks to its sticky feet.

4 Incredible Gray Tree Frog Facts!

  • It varies its color to match its environment, such as being darker to match tree bark.
  • It slows down its metabolic processes in the winter and essentially freezes until spring.
  • These frogs are an essential part of its ecological niche.
  • They secrete a slightly poisonous toxin from their skin.

Gray Tree Frog Scientific name

Common name: Gray Tree Frog
Scientific name: Hyla versicolor
Family: Hylidae
Class: Amphibia

The scientific name of these frogs comes from the Latin for “variable color.” This frog can change the color of its skin based on certain factors. It is lighter at night and darker during the day.

Gray Tree Frog Appearance

These frogs are particularly unique because they are not necessarily always gray. Instead, their color variation can range from gray to green or even brown. It truly depends on its current environment and activities. It regularly alters its color to match tree bark. Its belly is usually always white. The gray tree frog is very warty.

These frogs utilize a special grip on their hands and feet that allows them to climb vertically or horizontally with ease on trees and other objects.

They are considered a larger example of a tree frog, being anywhere from 1.25 to 2.25 inches long depending on sex. So on average, the frog is about three-and-a-half times as long as an aspirin tablet. Compared to other tree frogs, like the pinewood tree frog and squirrel tree frog, the gray tree frog has a weightier build.

It is important to note that these frogs are almost indistinguishable from the Cope’s gray tree frog (H. chrysoscelis). The Cope’s gray tree frog has the same appearance as the gray tree frog (H. versicolor) and can only be identified by a slightly slower call. They are otherwise completely separate species, with the gray tree frog having twice as many chromosomes as the Cope’s gray tree frog.

Two distinct features of adult frogs are the light spot beneath the eye and the bright orange coloration on the inner thigh. This bright color variation probably serves as a warning to potential predators.

A Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor) sitting on a stump.

Gray Tree Frog Behavior

These frogs are solitary creatures and only spend time together during the breeding season. All other times of the year, they spend time hiding during the day and hunting during the night. During the day, they can be found disguising themselves under bark, rotten logs, leaves, and tree roots. It produces a sticky fluid from the tips of its hands and feet that allow it to climb into trees to hunt for food.

The male of the species has a loud and almost birdlike call. It will make this call for hours after dusk as a way to establish a breeding territory. The males can be aggressive, but generally only in the breeding season when they need to defend their territory.

They hibernate in the winter thanks to an adaptation that allows 80% of its body to freeze. They can survive extremely cold temperatures by hiding under rocks and other forest objects.

Gray Tree Frog Habitat

These frogs are common in the eastern part of the United States and parts of southeastern Canada. This includes northern Florida over to central Texas, as well as all of South Carolina and Georgia. As a tree frog, they can usually be found in wooded areas, whether that is a forest or agricultural area. They will not be found far away from either trees or a source of water, like a swamp or pond.

They spend most of their time in high treetops but can be identified in the vegetation of fishless wetlands during their breeding season. In the summertime, it is not unusual for people to see them on windows looking for the bugs attracted to artificial lights.

Gray Tree Frog Diet

This species of tree frog mainly feeds on different types of insects. It spends most of its days high in treetops, where it can easily find moths, tree crickets, ants, flies, beetles, plant lice, spiders, and mites. It is comfortable jumping between branches to seek out its prey.

A known threat to these frogs is pesticides and insecticides that they consume on insects. These chemicals may have harmful long-term effects.

Gray Tree Frog Predators and Threats

These frogs are very common and probably have a large population. However, regional populations in both the United States and Canada have to deal with the threats of habitat loss, water pollution, invasive species, and chytrid fungus.

What eats gray tree frogs?

Different species of snakes, birds, small mammals, and even other frogs prey on these frogs. They spend most of their lives in the treetops to avoid these types of predators. They are also nocturnal and active at night to avoid predation.

What does the gray tree frog eat?

These frogs prey mainly on insects, such as snails, spiders, beetles, and the larvae of those insects. However, they are opportunistic and will eat smaller frogs if given a chance.

These frogs are listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. There is no current threat to any population that could lower the number dramatically.

Gray Tree Frog Reproduction and Life Cycle

The breeding season occurs after the frog wakes up from hibernation, in late spring and early summer. Males will defend an area around a water source and call out after dusk to find potential mates. Females will lay eggs in masses at the surface following mating. Each female will lay somewhere between 1000 and 2000 eggs in batches of 10 to 40. The eggs hatch between 3 to 7 days.

Young frogs are called tadpoles and live in the pond or water source they were hatched in until they are 4 to 8 weeks old. Then they complete a metamorphosis process and become young gray tree frogs or froglets.

The frog’s lifespan is believed to be on average 7 to 9 years. This lifespan is similar for males and females.

Gray Tree Frog Population

These frogs are known to be widely distributed across its habitat in the U.S. and Canada. However, there are no accurate counts of its population in any region. Most scientists believe there to be a large population that is generally not in danger of extinction any time soon.

View all 75 animals that start with G

Gray Tree Frog FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

How do you take care of a gray tree frog?

A gray tree frog is a popular option for a pet frog. It is not a picky pet, and will easily adapt to small enclosure habitats. In the wild, it can survive extreme temperatures in the winter, which means it will be comfortable at room temperature.

What does a gray tree frog eat?

The diet of a gray tree frog consists of bugs, bugs, and more bugs. It stays up in the treetops for most of its life eating flies, beetles, slugs, spiders, and their creepy-crawly larvae.

Are gray tree frogs rare?

No, the gray tree frog is a very common frog species to see throughout the Southeast area of the United States. It is not uncommon to notice them on windows in the evening eating bugs attracted to lights in residential houses.

Are gray tree frogs dangerous?

They are a little bit dangerous due to poisonous characteristics. This type of frog is known to secrete a toxin from its skin that causes discomfort to human’s eyes, lips, the mucus lining of the nose, and open cuts. This secretion is not very dangerous or poisonous, but anyone handling one of these frogs needs to thoroughly wash their hands afterward.

Can gray tree frogs swim?

No. Although they usually spend the breeding season near water to lay their eggs, gray tree frogs are like other tree frogs and do not swim. Once they morph from tadpoles to froglets, they will retain water using shallow areas of water.

What does a gray tree frog sound like?

Male gray tree frogs usually call out a loud sound for hours during the breeding season. The sound of a gray tree frog has been compared to a bird, being a melodious trilling.

How long do gray tree frogs usually live?

The lifespan of a gray tree frog is typically 7 to 9 years, although they can live longer when kept as pets in captivity.

Sources
  1. Schalk Lab, Available here: https://cmschalk.weebly.com/copes-gray-and-gray-treefrog.html
  2. University of Maine, Available here: https://extension.umaine.edu/signs-of-the-seasons/indicator-species/gray-treefrog-fact-sheet/
  3. Department of Natural Resources, Available here: https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/reptiles_amphibians/frogs_toads/treefrogs/gray.html?__cf_chl_captcha_tk__=8fa6249514e2917798e6bba1824bd422ae82b798-1614054872-0-AQvhrM75dICzbbaXnBsYgU3vEohUKd626kQIF9IpMBMaLyOo7De_9WXMM2aKlzMjFDwRWX3nr7oKYkSY9jiHHpzGG9S1geaaXedSh38smZh45kUDQ3lUELeWzEj_Sxrn1Fqe45UZy7gdrnheUtuWcqHXw7gaqIC6lXd1_ehbNa5k8Q0PSIldlR-nnrbMkTIRnMDYiyPnpkWbf98EsJPq89sZ98oNSkDl3GihtxMovDbOdTD4KC3Rt6xzXS4wfdCflhxWMW5R9I9_K3VYQO17IzKxnM6AtdsVnJ9o7d1YVN4DkmyIXvp-vSQU-jZWZt1VGACexz3qKma3Odi5Xk3F4QqPxvOoyocdu2LVPlnhiHbVMmDPW-LslW3Fx1L5JSik5tkOw-kzod0CdE5_D2BfD65P5Q30bhFVNsv8TTeUg9ddonuRBr6pxTmgpKLul0AZDlLANILqe9eNaD0WErkHOW9lg3uXW0_w4PnKOIo4WbvA34Wgo1btdbGHi0ELii4H0peccfS5pxyYdMkTLuSYVqKxZ0U6izhDEa1AmfAATVmtyQ93-Ay7e0RZgVJNPLBviH_KmGcrv71EMfbGrrKJkrB0Fq_rZiSG78-n-2U18c7n_Oft9iJ0mXcMqvwDImdgSWAs12JXPZ5wUDNjrjUEk3s
  4. Nature Works, Available here: https://nhpbs.org/natureworks/graytreefrog.htm
  5. Smithsonian's National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute , Available here: https://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/gray-tree-frog
  6. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Available here: https://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/3341.htm
  7. Virginia Herpetological Society, Available here: http://www.virginiaherpetologicalsociety.com/amphibians/frogsandtoads/copes-gray-treefrog/copes_gray_treefrog.php

Latest Product Reviews

Latest Animal Blogs

Newly Added Animals

A Tiger Moth
Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

A Kiko Goat
Kiko Goat

Kiko goats breed year-round, and they are not good at defending themselves.

A Rodents
Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Most Recently Updated Animals

A Miniature Husky
Miniature Husky

The Miniature Husky has a double coat that it sheds twice annually. Also, some people confuse them with Alaskan Klee Kai, which have similar blue eyes.

A Tiger Moth
Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

A Marble Fox
Marble Fox

The marble fox is not a naturally occurring variant; it was created through artificial selection.